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Making Inferences


Vicki Johnson

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of Making Inferences

What is an inference?
An inference is an idea that
is suggested, but not stated.
They are conclusions we draw
from what we see, hear, and
What two inferences are most logically based on the information suggested by the following cartoon?
B. The man deliberately ruined the woman's pan.
A. The man was probably working on a home
improvement or repair project.
A. Johnson’s neighbor had children who took care of the rabbit.
Jim Johnson panicked when he came home from work to find his neighbor’s pet rabbit dead and in the jaws of his German shepherd, Fido. Johnson took the filthy, slightly chewed-up bunny into his house, washed it with care, and then used the blow dryer to restore its fur as best he could. A short time later he secretly put the rabbit back into its outdoor cage.
The next day, Jim’s neighbor stopped him as they were both doing yard work. “Did you hear that Thumper died?”
“Uh, no,” stammered Johnson.
“We went out a couple days ago and found him dead. What’s really weird, though, is that the day after we buried him, we went outside and discovered that someone had dug him up, given him a bath, styled his fur, and put him back into his cage!”
inferences are more
firmly based on the information
given in the following passage?
"I feel a vibration. Can you call my cell phone again?"
What inference can you make from this cartoon?
two inferences
are firmly based on the information given?

A. Johnson's neighbor had children who took care of the rabbit.
B. Fido had probably dug up the rabbit's grave.
C. The neighbors were convinced Johnson had dug up the rabbit.
D. Jim Johnson assumed his dog had killed the rabbit.
E. The rabbit had been very sick.
What inferences can you make from these paintings?
painting by George Bellows
Check 2 inferences that are most logically
based on the information suggested by the
3 Consider the alternatives.
Don’t simply accept the first inference that
comes to mind.
2 Use your background information and
experience to help you in making inferences.
The more you know about a subject, the better
your inferences are likely to be.
1 Never lose sight of available information.
As much as possible, base your inferences on facts.
Guidelines for Making Inferences in Reading
Here, Sandburg uses a figure of speech known
as a metaphor, comparing fog to a cat that makes
a sudden, silent, almost mysterious appearance.
The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
Poetry, especially, by its nature,
implies much of its meaning.
For example, read the following
poem by Carl Sandburg: "Fog."
Listen to the song "The 5th Element" by KJ-52. I will pause after each element is described. You will have to use the clues in the song to infer what object is being described. Write down you best guess for each element. The fifth one will not be listened to as the song gives it away.
Making Inferences
C. The woman is upset that the man has used her pan as a hammer.
D. The man realizes that the woman is angry at him for
using her good pan as a hammer.
Full transcript