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Understanding Workplace Ergonomics

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by

Jenn Van Geem

on 6 August 2014

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Transcript of Understanding Workplace Ergonomics

Identifying the Risks
Stretches
Ergonomics
Introduction
What are MSDs?
Signs and Symptoms
Organizing
Your
Workstation

Your Best Defense
Understanding MSDs
Repetitive Movements and Force
Common signs and symptoms associated with MSDs are...
Static Positions (holding your body a certain way for long periods of time)
Your Office
Tell your
supervisor
about all

environmental hazards

that may affect

office ergonomics

Common MSDs are...
Outlining Our Objectives
Introduction
Understanding MSDs
What is Ergonomics?
Fitting the Work to the Worker
Proper Chair fit and Work Zones
Prevention & Ergonomic Assesments
Extra References
Quiz



Practice

Preventative

Meausures


Summary
Your Workstation
Introduction
Comes from the Greek words
Ergos (work) & nomos (natural law)

Meaning: Ergonomics is fitting the workstation to match the worker

NOTE
Office
Most
people believe
that the most
common injuries
occur in

construction

or other

industrial

environments
.
Most common injuries
occur in office environments:
Understanding

Workplace

Ergonomics
References
In reality...
Along with
traffic incidents
and
slips, trips and falls,
ergonomically related injuries like
Repetitive Strain injuries
are the most common injuries in the workplace
Did you know?
Back pain
Carpal tunnel
Tendonitis
According to the Occupational Health and Safety Act...

Musculoskeletal Disorders are more formally defined as " an injury or disorder of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, joints, nerves, blood vessels or related soft tissues including a sprain strain and inflammation, that may be caused or aggravated by work". (s. 4.46)
MSDs are
injuries
that affect muscles and other
soft tissues.
These
injuries
may occur when the same muscles are used
over and over
without taking a rest
Hence the more common name
Repetitive Strain Injuries
Awkward Positions
When in doubt,
ask your supervisor!
Be aware of
immediate hazards at
your workstation


ie. Harsh lighting, office temperatures, out of date equipment, noise
Recognizing Hazards
Identify where in
the workplace you have
MSD hazards
(force, posture, repetition, duration, etc.)
Always talk to your supervisor
about workplace hazards
Practice
proper ergonomics
in the workplace and when in doubt, ask your supervisor about a
workstation assessment
Always Practice Prevention...
Break up workloads
using breaks and
micropauses
Reduce repetition (vary tasks)
Use proper lifting techniques
Avoid forced, static and awkward positions
Use ergonomically (adjustable) designed equipment

Stretches
Minimizing MSD Risks
I. Organizing Your
Primary Work Zone
Primary workzone
- the items you use
frequently
. ie. Your mouse, keyboard and phone.
Secondary workzone
- items you use for
short periods
of time
By organizing your workzone properly, it can help you avoid awkward straining and repetitive movements!
II. Check Your
Posture
!
Using adjustable (
ergonomically friendly
) equipment
1. Chair adjustments

Understanding Ergonomics
You wouldn't drive a car without adjusting the seat, so why wouldn't you do the same for your office?
Understand
MSDs
and recognize the symptoms.
Perform regular ergonomic self checks and

hazard assessments
.
General Duty clause (OH&S Act)
Section 45. Industrial Establishments Regs.
Section 24. Health Care Regs.
CSA Standard Z412, Guideline on Office Ergonomics

For more information, use these useful links to get a better understanding of Ergonomics
This Prezi uses information provided by both WorkSafe BC and WSIB; visit the links for more information on MSDs and Office Ergonomics.
Thank you for completing a Refresher in Ergonomics
Forearms held
horizontally, elbows and
body bent about
90 degrees
Head upright over your shoulders in a
relaxed position
Backrest supporting your
lower back, pelvis,
and the natural curve of
your spine
Feet
fully supported
by the floor or a footrest
Seating that doesn’t adequately support your back, is too low or is too high may increase fatigue and contribute to poor posture.
To avoid
discomfort,
make sure all aspects of the chair are
adjusted
to match you:
Armrests
Footrests
Back Support
Chair Height
II. Keyboards
If your keyboard is
adjusted properly
, you will be able to keep your wrists straight while typing. By doing so you can
protect yourself from injury
!
Always keep a
floating motion
while typing. Resting your wrists can cut off blood flow
Fitting the
Workstation
to the
Worker
Full transcript