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Transcript of Wastewater Treatment
Common goals of water resource professionals include:
increasing efficiencies in engineering processes while minimizing environmental consequences
preserving public capital investment
enhancing the level of service of costly but necessary water infrastructure. The Metro Wastewater Reclamation District in Denver:
can treat 114 million gallons of wastewater per day.
Requiring the contractor to place approximately 75,000 cubic yards of concrete .
The USD 136 million project Innovation in Wastewater Treatment Plants approximitly 850000 meter squared
26.5 million gallons a day.
$227 million upgrade. Thomas P. Smith Facility Refrences http://www.bentley.com/en-US/Corporate/Be+Inspired+Awards+Event/water+and+wastewater.htm
http://www.cenews.com/magazine-article----advanced_wastewater_treatment_facility_designed_to_protect_freshwater_springs-6486.html Purpose To manage water discharged from homes, businesses, and industries to reduce the threat of water pollution Why treat waste water ? Causes a demand for dissolved oxygen (lower DO levels of streams)
Adds nutrients (nitrate and phosphate) to cause excessive growth
Increases suspended solids or sediments in streams (turbidity increase) Where does wastewater come from? Residences (kitchen, bathroom)
Industrial institution (usually require specialized treatment process) Goals To produce waste stream (effluent)
To produce solid waste (sludge)
To discharge or reuse them back into the environment How can it be treated? collected and transported via a network of pipes and pump stations to a municipal treatment plant By Gregory Nicolas Pre-treatment
Sludge (biosolids) disposal Pre-treatment
- Occurs in business or industry prior to discharge
- Prevention of toxic chemicals or excess nutrients being discharged in wastewater Water moves toward the wastewater plant primarily by gravity flow
Lift stations pump water from low lying areas over hills Preliminary Treatment
- removes large objects and non-degradable materials
- protects pumps and equipment from damage
- bar screen and grit chamber Measurement and sampling at the inlet structure:
- a flow meter continuously records the volume of water entering the treatment plant
- water samples are taken for determination of suspended solids and B.O.D.
Suspended Solids – the quantity of solid materials floating in the water column
B.O.D. = Biochemical Oxygen Demand
- a measure of the amount of oxygen required to aerobically decompose organic matter in the water Why ? ? Measurements of Suspended Solids and B.O.D. indicate the effectiveness of treatment processes
Both Suspended Solids and B.O.D. decrease as water moves through the wastewater treatment processes Primary Treatment
a physical process
wastewater flow is slowed down and suspended solids settle to the bottom by gravity
the material that settles is called sludge or biosolids Then Sludge from the primary sedimentation tanks is pumped to the sludge thickener.
more settling occurs to concentrate the sludge prior to disposal Primary treatment reduces the suspended solids and the B.O.D. of the wastewater.
From the primary treatment tanks water is pumped to the trickling filter for secondary treatment.
Secondary treatment will further reduce the suspended solids and B.O.D. of the wastewater. Secondary treatment is a biological process
Utilizes bacteria and algae to metabolize organic matter in the wastewater
In Cape Girardeau secondary treatment occurs on the trickling filter Secondary Treatment the trickling filter does not “filter” the water
water runs over a plastic media and organisms clinging to the media remove organic matter from the water From secondary treatment on the trickling filter water flows to the final clarifiers for further removal of sludge.
The final clarifiers are another set of primary sedimentation tanks.
From the final clarifiers the water is discharged back to the River. Disposal of the sludge Disposal of Sludge or Biosolids
The sludge undergoes lime stabilization (pH is raised by addition of lime) to kill potential pathogens the stabilized sludge is land applied by injection into agricultural fields The current status of wastewater management in Lebanon (considering wastewater systems over 5000 m3 per day). Waste waster treatment in Lebanon Is the pre-treatment of water done in the Waste water treatment plant? T/F false
The Main goal of the waste water treatment plant is to clean water for drinking purposes? T/F False Questions Why Treat Wastewater?
It's a matter of caring for our environment and for our own health. There are a lot of good reasons why keeping our water clean is an important priority: Fisheries
Clean water is critical to plants and animals that live in water. This is important to the fishing industry, sport fishing enthusiasts, and future generations. Recreation and Quality of Life
Water is a great playground for us all. The scenic and recreational values of our waters are reasons many people choose to live where they do. Visitors are drawn to water activities such as swimming, fishing, boating and picnicking. Health Concerns
If it is not properly cleaned, water can carry disease. Since we live, work and play so close to water, harmful bacteria have to be removed to make water safe.