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Battle of Hastings

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Wonderful Team

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Battle of Hastings

Battle of Hastings
Edward the "Confessor"
- Born in 1003

- Son of Ethelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy

- One of the last Anglo-Saxon kings of England

- The last king of the House of Wessex, ruling from 1042 to 1066

He died in January 1066 and his childlessness led to a struggle for power. Conflict finished with the Battle of Hastings which forever changed the History of England.

Harold Godwinson
- Birth: 1022
- Last Anglo-Saxon King of England
- Wife: Edith Swannesha- six children
- Tostig’s brother
- Death: 14th of October, 1066-
Battle of Hastings
- Birth: not known
- Harold’s brother
- 1051- banish with his father from England
- 1052- return back to England
- 1055- become the Earl of Nrthumbria
- Death: 22nd of October, 1066-
Battle of Stamford Bridge

Topic: Battle of Hatings
When: 14th of October 1066
Where: Hastings
Main "characters": Edward the Confessor, William the Duke of Norman, Harold Godwinson, Tostig, Harald Hardrada
Harald Hardrada
- Hardrada- translated as “stern counsel” or “hard ruler”
- Birth: 1015
- King of Norman: 1046- 25th October, 1066
He expected to be the next King of England because in the past Magnus (king of Norway and Denmark) and Hardekanut (king before Edward the Confessor) made a deal that in case one of them dies, the second one inherits throne. So after Magnus and Edward’s death, Harald reckoned that he is the one that should inherit throne.
- Death: 25th October, 1066- Battle of Stamford Bridge

William the Duke of Norman
- Birth: 1027/1028
- Later named: William the Conqueror
- Became the King of England in 1066
- Ruled until 1087
He was the next candidate to English throne after Edward’s death. He said that he was cousin of Edward and that Edward said to him in 1051 that when he dies, William inherits throne. So in 1066 he invaded England (it was the last successful invasion on England).
- Death: 1087

Battle of Hastings
The army of King Harold took up a position of strength at the top of Senlac Hill. His army consisted mainly of infantry.

Battle of Hastings
The Norman army, (led by William the Conqueror), positioned themselves near to the base of the hill. His army was made up of infantry, cavalry and archers.

The battle took place on
14th October 1066

The battle was fought fiercely. The Normans attacked with cavalary and archers, but Harold’s shield wall and his defensive position were hard to break down.
King Harold was killed when he was shot through the eye with a Norman arrow.
The fighting started in the morning and continued all day. In the end the Norman army, with its greater range of different types of troops, started to gain the upper-hand.
William went on to win the Battle of Hastings and he was crowned King having successfully invaded England.
- it's thought that around 2000 Normans and 4000 Englishmen had lost their lives in the Battle
- the old English aristocracy was eliminated
- England lost control over the Catholic Church in their country
- Natives were removed from their lands and important offices
- Anglo-Norman, a northern dialect of Old French, was introduced as the main language in England, instead of Old English

England changed a lot after they had lost in the Battle. They had lost their king and dignity but after some time they realised that they had lost other important things like language.
William becomes the English king - December 25th 1066, Westminster Abbey
William was sure about becoming the king, however Edgar the Atheling was proclaimed (but never crowned).
last male member of
the royal house of Cerdic
of Wessex
Symbol of new power - Tower of London which was founded in the end of 1066 as the sign of the Norman victory
Many people were furious because of those changes. That was the reason to many rebellions
1) rebellions in Exeter - 1967
2) invasion by Harold's sons - 1068
3) uprising in Northumbria - 1068
4) rebellions in the south and west of England
This led to putting the risings down by William. Eventually he
decided to star what was called the Harrying of the North
- started in the end of 1069 finished in the beginning of 1070
- damaging the north territories and replacing local Anglo - Danish Lords with Normans
- taking away "independence" that was left to natives
Battle Abbey
Battle Abbey is a complex founded in the place of the Battle. The idea came from William.

The altar is supposed to be in the exact place where Harold fell in the battle
Harold had died before The Abbey was finished.
Now those land are the property of the English Heritage and are open to the public
Each year there is a reenactment of the Battle of Hastings during weekend nearest October 14th.
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