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The 44 Presidents of U.S.A

My American Government project.
by

Yureny Zuniga

on 31 May 2013

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Transcript of The 44 Presidents of U.S.A

The 44 Presidents
of
U.S.A Ok Let's Start!:) George Washinton
2/22/1732- 12/29/1799 Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia.
Married to Martha Washington (m. 1759–1799).
Vice President- John Adam.
He could not be elected again because he was the head of the Constitution.
Washinton served two terms, from April 30, 1789 until March 4, 1797. George Washinton was one of the founding fathers George Washinton is on the Dollar bill in honor of being the 1st President of the United States.
He also appears on M.T Rushmore. George Washington never wore a powdered wig, as was the custom for men at the time. George Washingtons favorite foods
are: pineapples and Brazil Nuts. John Adams 10/30/1735- 7/4/1826 Born in Quincy in Massachusetts
Married to Abigail Adams (m. 1735–1826)
Vice President- Thomas Jefferson
He is a federalist
He is a purition
He had four children, one girl and three boys named Abigail, John Quincy, Charles and Thomas.
Part of Committee to Draft the Declaration of Independence.
John Adams only served a single term March 4, 1797, until March 4, 1801. Interesting Facts: John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both died on July 4, 1826.
John Adams was the first US President to actually live at the White House. Washington never did.
Adams lived 90 years, 247 days-longer than any other President. Thomas Jefferson 4/13/1743- 7/4/1826 Born in Albemarle County Virgina.
Married to Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson (m. 1772–1782)
Aaron Burr (1801-1805) was vice-president during Jefferson's first term. George Clinton (1805-1809) served as VP in Jefferson's second term.
He wrote the Declaration of Independence in 1776. (at age 33)
Writes Abolition of slave trade.
Was also a Founding Father.
Had a Girlfriend named Sally Hemings (she was a slave) also they had 7 children.
1801- Thomas Jefferson became the 3rd President of the United States (he was 58 years old). (March 4, 1801 to March 4, 1809) President Jefferson signed a law prohibiting “the importation of slaves into any port or place within the jurisdiction of the United States." In 1807. What is Abolition of the Slave Trade?? Martha Wayles Skelton Jefferson Children (known from Jefferson's records): Sally Hemings. Thomas Jefferson's wife and girlfriend. Eston Hemings (1808-1856) Martha Jefferson (1772-1836 Harriet Hemings (1801-post 1863) Madison Hemings (1805-1877) James Madison 3/16/1751-6/28/1836 Born in Port Conway Virgina.
Married to Dolley Madison (m. 1794–1836)
Presidential term: March 4, 1809 – March 4, 1817
Vice Presidents George Cliton and Elbridge Gerry.
Nickname: "Jemmie".
The smallest President, weighing only 100 pounds and standing 5 feet, 4 inches tall.
Father of the Constitution.
Father of the Bill of Rights.
At age 29, Madison was the youngest member of the Continental Congress.
Madison was seventeen years older than Dolley when they married. Interesting Facts of James Madison: Madison was a half first cousin, twice removed, of President George Washington.
Madison was a second cousin of the Twelfth President of the United States, Zachary Taylor.
Madison's wife Dolley had a sister named Lucy who married George Steptoe Washington, George Washington's nephew.
Madison was President when the Treaty of Ghent was signed. This was the document that officially ended the War of 1812. Montpelier - Home of three generations of Madison's. Located near Orange, Virginia. You can visit Montpelier today. James Madison's head appeared on the US $5,000 bill, which was in circulation before 1946. James Monroe 4/28/1758-7/4/1831 Married to Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (m. 1768–1830).
Presidential term: March 4, 1817 – March 4, 1825.
Born in Westmoreland County Virgina.
War of 1812.
Died five years after John Adams.
Was a Founding Father.
The third of them to die on Independence Day Interesting Facts about James Monroe: James Monroe was the last U.S. president to serve in the Revolutionary War.
Monroe never finished his college degree.
In 1786 he married Elizabeth Kortright, and together they had two daughters and a son.
The son died in childhood, but his second daughter became the first presidential child to get married in a White House ceremony.
Monroe served as Secretary of State under James Madison and Secretary of War at the same time. John Quincy Adams 7/11/1767-02/23/1848 Born in Braintree, Massachusetts.
Married to Louisa Adams (m. 1797–1848).
Presidential term: March 4, 1825 – March 4, 1829.
Vice President: John Calhoun
Nickname: Accidental President
Offices Held: Secretary to U.S. Minister to Russia, (1781); Minister to the Netherlands, (1794); Minister to Prussia, (1797-1801); United States Senator, (1803-08); Minister to Russia, (1809-11); Peace Commissioner at Treaty of Ghent, (1814); Secretary of State, (1817-25); Member of U.S. House of Representatives, (1831-48)
John Quincy Adams defended the slaves who revolted on a slave ship, the Amistad. He ones one to the lawyers to argue and win the case in the Supreme Court. The slaves on the Amistad were freed. Interesting Facts about John Quincy Adams John Quincy Adams began writting a diary when he went with him father to France at the age of 11 years old.
He used to go skinny-dipping in the Potomac River every morning.
Adams was the first President to have his photograph taken in 1843.
John Quincy Adams is the only President to serve in the House of Representatives (for 17 years) after he was President.
While in the House of Representatives, he hotly debated the slavery issue. Some Southern representatives referred to John Quincy Adams as "the Madman of Massachusetts."
John Quincy Adams died of a stroke, he was 80 years and 227 days old when he died. Andrew Jackson 3/15/1767-6/08/1845 Born in Waxhaws, South Carolina.
Married to Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson.
Presidential term: March 4, 1829 – March 4, 1837
Vice presidents: John C. Calhoun and Martin Van Buren.
Nicknames: King Mob, Old Hickory, The Hero of New OrleansChildren: Andrew Jackson Donelson, Daniel Smith Donelson.Indian Removal Act of 1830. First major legislation that reversed the U.S. policy of respecting the rights of American Indians. The act granted tribes unsettled western prairie land in exchange for their territories within state borders, mainly in the Southeast. Some tribes refused to trade their land, and U.S. troops forced tribes such as the Cherokee to march westward in what became known as the Trail of Tears (183839). In Florida the Seminoles fought resettlement in the Seminole Wars (183542). What does Indian Removal act mean: Interesting Facts about Andrew Jackson: His picture is on the $20 bill.
Andrew Jackson was also the first President to almost be assassinated.
The capital of Mississippi is named after him. (Jackson, Mississippi).
Andrew Jackson died on June 8, 1845. He was 78.
He raised 11 children, none of them his own.
When John Quincy Adams lost to Andrew Jackson in the election of 1828, the town of Adams, New Hampshire, changed its name to Jackson. The town had been named in 1800 to honor the election of John Adams.
For a number of years he carried two bullets in his body.
His slogan was "Let the people rule."
At the age of 13, he joined the Army to fight in the Revolutionary War.
He was the last president elected who served in the Revolutionary War.
His mother died when he was 14. Martin Van Buren 12/05/1782-7/24/1862 Born inKinderhook, NY.
He was also the first president born after the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
Married to Hannah Hoes on February 21, 1807. She was 23 and he was 24. Hannah was his first cousin.
Martin had four sons.
Vice President Richard Mentor Johnson.
Nicknames: Old Kinderhook, Little Magician, Red Fox.
Panic of 1837.
Caroline Affair 1837. What was the Panic in 1837 about?: The Panic of 1837 was a financial crisis or market correction in the United States built on a speculative fever.
Andrew Jackson's financial policies, which contributed to what came to be known as the Panic of 1837. It turned out to be the worst economic depression that the young nation had yet known. What does Caroline Affair in 1837 mean: The Caroline was an American steamship that had been aiding rebels in Canada. Canadian militia, on orders of the British, seized the Caroline in American waters. They set the ship on fire, and sent it hurling over the Niagara Falls. These actions strained US relations with Great Britain almost to the point of war. Interesting Facts of Martin Van Buren: President Van Buren's autobiography does not mention his wife once.
When he retired he spent part of his time growing potatoes.
Martin Van Buren died in Kiderhook, New York (the same place he was born) on July 24, 1862. He was 79.
He had red hair when he was young.
Van Buren was the first president of Dutch descent. He spoke Dutch at home.
He was also the first president born after the writing of the Declaration of Independence.
Van Buren was one of the founders of the Democratic Party. The men who ran his campaign were called "Bucktails." William Henry Harrison 2/09/1773-4/04/1841 Born in Charles City County.
Maried to Anna Harrison (m. 1795–1841).
Children: Elizabeth Bassett (1796–1846), John Cleves Symmes (1798–1830), Lucy Singleton (1800–1826), William Henry (1802–1838), John Scott (1804–1878), Benjamin (1806-1840), Mary Symmes (1809–1842), Carter Bassett (1811–1839), Anna Tuthill (1813–1865), James Findlay (1814–1817).
Presidential term: March 4, 1841 – April 4, 1841.
Vice President John Tyler.
Nicknames: Old Tippecanoe, Old Tip.
American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office.
Was a General in the subsequent War of 1812 Interesting Facts about William Henry Harrison: William Henry Harrison served in the Indian wars in the NW territory, War of 1812. The Battle of Thames made him famous.
He was the Ambassador to Colomlbia until Andrew Jackson had him replaced.
Harrison served as a Senator from Ohio.
Harrison was the father of ten children and his Vice President, Tyler, had fifteen children.
When he campaigned for president he used a song with the words, "Van is a used up man." Referring to Van Buren.
William was the first and only President who studied to become a doctor.
William Harrison died in Washington D.C. on April 4, 1841. His term of office from March 4, to April 4, was the shortest term served by any president. He was 68 years and 54 days old.
He is buried in the William Henry Harrison Memorial State Park, North Bend, Ohio.
William Harrison had a dog named Dask.
President Harrison had a billy goat at the White House during the short period he was there.
His father was one of the people who signed the Declaration of Independence. His father was also member of the Continental Congress. John Tyler 3/29/1790-01/18/1862 Born in Virginia.
Married to Letitia Christian Tyler (m. 1813–1842), Julia Gardiner Tyler (m. 1844–1862).
Presidential term: April 4, 1841 – March 4, 1845.
Nicknames: "Accidental President;" "His Accidency"; "Tyler, too..." "Young Hickory".
Children: Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Robert Tyler, Elizabeth Tyler, David Gardiner Tyler, Mary Tyler, Alice Tyler, Letitia Tyler Semple, John Alexander Tyler, John Tyler, Tazewell Tyler, Lachlan Tyler, Robert Fitzwalter Tyler, Pearl Tyler, Anne Contesse Tyler, Julia Gardiner Tyler Spencer.
John Tyler served in the House of Representatives (1817–21), as governor of Virginia (1825–27), and as senator (1827–36). John Tyler didn't have a Vice President. He had been William Henry Harrison's VP, and the position was not filled when Tyler assumed the presidency.
Was the first president whose wife died in office.
Joined the Confederacy in 1860 when Civil War started.
He died while serving in the Confederate Congress. Interesting Facts about John Tyler Tyler had the most children out of any president.
Tyler was an excellent violinist.
His house was 100 yards long.
He was the first president whose wife died in office.
His hobby was fox hunting.
He loved to dance and had a ballroom in his house.
Military Service: Captain.
John Tyler suffered from the following illnesses : symmetric paralysis, dysentery, frequent colds, stroke .
Tyler was the first president to have his veto overridden by Congress on March 3, 1845. James Knox Polk 11/02/1795-6/12/1849 Born in Polk Place, Nashville, Tennessee.
Married to Sarah Childress.
Presidential term: March 4, 1845 – March 4, 1849.
Vice president: George M. Dallas.
Offices Held: Member of Tennessee House of Representatives, (1823-25); Member of U.S. House of Representatives, (1825-39); Speaker of the House, (1835-39), Governor of Tennessee, (1839-41).
States entering Union: Texas(1845), Iowa(1846), and Wisconsin(1848). Interesting facts about James K. Polk While Polk was President, gold was discovered in California.
Dancing and music were not allowed at White House parties during his administration.
Ancestry: Scotch - Irish.
Had a pet Horse.
He survived only three months after leaving office.
His wife would live another forty years after he died, and both are now buried in a tomb at the Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville.
Oregon Treaty(1846)
Mexican (American) War(1846-1848) What was the Oregon Treaty about: The United States and Great Britain signed the Treaty of Oregon on June 15, 1846, ending 28 years of joint occupancy of the Pacific Northwest. The treaty established the 49th parallel as the border between the two countries. What was the Mexican-American War?: American forces quickly occupied New Mexico and California, then invaded parts of Northeastern Mexico and Northwest Mexico; meanwhile, the Pacific Squadron conducted a blockade, and took control of several garrisons on the Pacific coast further south in Baja California. Another American army captured Mexico City, and the war ended in victory of the U.S.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo specified the major consequence of the war: the forced Mexican Cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the U.S. in exchange for $15 million. In addition, the United States forgave $3.5 million of debt owed by the Mexican government to U.S. citizens. Mexico accepted the loss of Texas and thereafter cited the Rio Grande as its national border. Zarchary Taylor 11/24/1784-7/9/1850 Born in Barboursville.
Married to Margaret ""Peggy" Mackall Smith Taylor (m. 1810).
Term of office: March 4, 1849-July 9, 1850.
Vice Presedent Millard Fillmore.
Died in office from Cholera morbus contracted from eating a bowl of cherries and drinking a pitcher of iced milk.
Nicknames- "Old Rough and Ready"
Clayton Bulwer Treaty (1850). What is the Clayton-Bulwer Treaty? The Clayton-Bulwer is about a compromise agreement designed to harmonize contending British and U.S. interests in Central America. The treaty provided that the two countries jointly control and protect what was to become the Panama Canal. The Clayton-Bulwer treaty was superseded in 1901 by the Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, under which the British government agreed to allow the U.S. to construct and control the canal. Interesting facts about Zachary Taylor: Children: Six; 5 girls 1 boy.
40 years in the Army (Major General).
His pet Old Whitey, the horse.
Did not go to College.
His second cousin was President number four James Madison.
Taylor's only son, Richard, would later become a general in the Confederate army. One of his daughters, Elizabeth, fulfilled the duties of First Lady while her father was president.
He was buried near his childhood home in Louisville, Kentucky. Thomas Jerfferson appears on a nickle and the two dollar bill. Millard Fillmore 1/07/1800-3/08/1874 Born in Summerhill, NY.
Married to Abigail Powers Fillmore-she died of Pneumonia on March 30, 1853. Caroline Carmichael Mclntosh in 1858.
Presidential term: July 9, 1850 – March 4, 1853. Only finished out the term after Zachary Taylor died.
Nickname: Last of the Whigs
Children: Millard Powers Fillmore (1828-1889); Mary Abigail Fillmore (1832-1854).
Compromise of 1850
Perry’s mission to Japan resulted in the opening of two Japanese ports to American trade when Commodore Matthew C. Perry negotiated the Treaty of Kanagawa with the Japanese government. Compromise of 1850 abolished slavery in the District of Columbia, admitted California as a free state, and left the territories of Utah and New Mexico to decide for themselves about whether to allow slavery. It also strengthened the fugitive slave law, resulting in the loss of freedom for many freed or escaped slaves and penalties for those aiding escapees on the Underground Railroad. Fugitives were not allowed the benefit of a trial. Compromise of 1850: Interesting Facts about Millard Fillmore: The Millard Fillmore House in East Aurora, New York, contains a period museum housed in the 1826 home of the President.
Favorite color was fuchsia.
First President to have a bathtub and a kitchen stove in the White House and a library.
States Admitted to the Union During Presidency: California (1831).
Burial Place: Forest Lawn Cemetery in Buffalo, New York. Franklin Pierce 11/23/1804-10/08/1869 Born in Hillsborough, New Hampshire.
Married to Jane Means Appleton.
Presidential term: March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1857.
Vice president: William R. King.
Gadsden Purchase(1853).
Kansas-Nebraska Act(1854).
Ostend Manifesto(1854). What was the Gadsden Purchase about? This U.S. purchase of land in southern New Mexico and Arizona south of the Gila River on December 30, 1853. It was purchased to get approval for a southern railroad route to the Pacific Coast in that territory. What was the Kansas Nebraska Act? In December, 1853, a bill was introduced into Congress by Mr. Dodge, a Senator from Iowa, for the organization of the Territory of Nebraska. Mr. Dixon, of Kentucky, proposed, as an amendment to this bill, to abrogate the Missouri Compromise and permit the citizens of the Southern States to take and hold their slaves within any of the new Territories or the States formed there from. On January 23, 1854, the bill was reported back from committee by Mr. Douglas, modified to propose the formation of two Territories, the southern to be called Kansas and the northern Nebraska. It retained the principle of the Dixon amendment, and for four months thereafter a hot debate was maintained in the halls of Congress. Despite the utmost efforts of Northern members, and the numerous petitions from the best element of the Northern people, the bill was carried by the South, the compromise measure which had been accepted as a finality for thirty-five years flung to the winds, and the whole territory from the Mississippi to the Rocky Mountains thrown open as a new field of battle between the advocates of slavery and freedom. What was the Ostend Manifesto? The Ostend Manifesto was part of an attempt to add Cuba to the US. Southerners wanted an aggressive policy with Spanish-ruled Cuba, by having the island become a possible new slave state. In October 1854, three Americans "one of which was the American minister to Spain, Pierre Soule' of Louisiana" composed a document on Cuba and called it the Ostend Manifesto, claiming the island belonged "naturally to the great family of the states...". Also stating that Spain's control of Cuba was unnatural. The United States offered to buy Cuba from Spain but if Spain refused to sell.v
The Ostend Manifesto caused a great uproar and embarrassed President Franklin Pierce's administration, after it became public. Other nations denounced it and it had similar reactions in the US. Many in the North was angered that the South was willing to provoke war with Spain to extend more slave holding states. Causing even more Sectionalism in the United States already upon a Civil War Interesting Facts about Franklin Pierce: Pierce met and married a woman named Jane Appleton. Their first two children, both boys, died in childhood of illnesses. Their third child, also a boy, was killed in a horrific train accident shortly after Pierce was elected president. The child was apparently decapitated right in front of his mother and father, and the tragedy haunted Pierce's presidency. They had no other children.
Pierce served in the military during the Mexican-American war, where he sustained a serious leg injury. Still serving in battle following the injury, he collapsed and was forced to be carried off the field.
By the end of his term, he had become so unpopular that he became the first U.S. president to hire a full-time bodyguard.
Letters Pierce sent to Davis, criticizing President Lincoln, the war, and abolitionism in general, came to light in 1863 - after Davis's home was captured - and Pierce's reputation suffered even more. A lifelong alcoholic, Pierce died of liver failure in 1869, and was buried in New Hampshire, beside his wife (who had died in 1863) and two of his three sons. James Buchanan 4/23/1791-6/01/1869 Born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania.
Unmarried His niece Harriet Lane fullfilled the role of hosless.
Vice President: John C. Breckinridge
Presidential term: March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861.
States Entering the Union: Minnesota(1258), Oregon(1859), and Kansas(1860).
Pony Express(1260)
Southern States begin secession(1860)
Confederate States of America created(1861). Interesting Facts about James buchanan: Nickname: Bachelor President.
First president to send a transatlantic telegram: on August 16,1858, he exchanged greetings with Queen Victoria of Great Britain.
He did not like slavery, but he believed the Constitution permitted it.
James Buchanan was the first US President to wear blue jeans in the Oval Office.
James Buchanan's favorite childhood pet was his African Gray Parrot, Betsy Ross.
James lost his middle finger on his right hand during the Battle of Raisin River in the War of 1812.
In his spare time, he raised pygmy goats in the White House Rose Garden.
James had two different color eyes: One green, one brown.
James was scheduled to participate in the Lewis and Clark Expedition, but was unable to make the journey due to an unfortunate archery accident involving his buttocks. He was replaced by Sacagawea. Abraham Lincoln Born in Hodgenville, Kentucky.
Married to Mary Todd Lincoln (m. 1842–1865).
Children: Robert Todd Lincoln, William Wallace Lincoln, Tad Lincoln, Edward Baker Lincoln.
Vice presidents: Andrew Johnson, Hannibal Hamlin.
Nickname: "Honest Abe"
Assassinated: April 15, 1865, Petersen House.
Presidential term: March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865.
States Entering Uion: West Virginia(1863) and Nevada(1864).
Civil War (1861-1865).
Emancipation Proclamation (1863). Interesting Facts about Abraham Lincoln: He created a national banking system with the National Banking Act in 1863, resulting in a standardized currency.
He was the first president to be assassinated.
He was the tallest U.S president at 6'4".
He was the first president to have a beard.
Lincoln, one week before his death, had a dream of someone crying in the White House, when he found the room; he looked in and asked who had passed away. The man in the room said the President. When he looked in the coffin it was his own face he saw.
He had deep depression, even though he would frequently tell stories and jokes to friends and family.
He appears on the Penny Coin and the Five Dollar bill.
His statue is located in Lincoln Memorial Circle Washington, D.C. Andrew Johnson 12/29/1808-7/31/1875 Born in Raleigh, North Carolina.
Married to Eliza McCardle Johnson (m. 1810–1876).
Presidential term: April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869.
Nicknames: Father of the Homestead Act, Sir Veto, The Grim Presence, The Tennessee Tailor.
ChildrenMartha (1828–1901), Charles (1830–1863), Mary (1832–1883), Robert (1834–1869), Andrew (1852–1879).
Offices Held: Served as Alderman for Greeville, Tenesse; Mayor of Greenville Tennessee; Member of Tennessee Legislature; Member of U.S. House of Representatives; Governer of Tennessee; United States Senator; Military Governer of Tennessee; Vice President.
Andrew Johnson was the first president to be impeached.
Reconstruction
Thirteenth Admendment Ratified(1865).
Alaska Purchased(1867).
Impeachment Proceedings(1868).
Fourteenth Amendment Ratified(1868).
States Entering Union: Nebraska(1867). Benjamin Harrison 8/20/1833-3/13/1901 Harry S. Truman 5/08/1884-12/26/1972 Ronald Wilson Reagan 2/06/1911-6/05/2004 Ulysses S. Grant 4/27/1822-7/23/1885 Born in Point Pleasant, Ohio.
Married to Julia Boggs Dent Grant.
Children: Jesse Root Grant, Ulysses S. Grant, Jr., Frederick Dent Grant, Ellen Wrenshall Grant.
Presidential term: March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1877.
Nicknames: "Unconditional Surrender" Grant, Hero of Appomattox, Lyss, Mr. Grant, Sam, The Butcher, Ulyss, Uncle Sam.
Vice presidents: Schuyler Colfax and Henry Wilson.
Reconstruction
Transcontinental Railroad Completed(1869).
Fifteen Amendment Ratified(1870).
Credit Mobilier Scandal(1872).
Panic of 1873.
Whiskey Ring Scandal(1876).
Belknap Bribery Scandal(1876).
Battle of Little Bighorn(1876).
States Entering the Union: Colorado(1876).
Appears on the 50 dollar bill. Rutherford B. Hayes 5/04/1822-1/17/1893 Born in Delaware, Ohio.
Married toLucy Webb Hayes.
Vice president: William A. Wheeler.
Children: Webb Hayes, Fanny Hayes, Scott Russell Hayes, Birchard Austin Hayes, Rutherford Platt Hayes, Joseph Thompson Hayes, George Crook Hayes, Manning Force Hayes.
Presidential term: March 4, 1877 – March 4, 1881.
Nickname: "Dark-Horse President".
Compromise of 1877 (End of Reconstrution).
Bland-Allison Act(1878).
Pronounced the necessity of creating an American Controlled canal in Panama(1880). James A. Garfield 11/19/1831-9/19/1881 Born in Moreland Hills, Ohio.
Married to Lucretia Rudolph Garfield
Presidential term: March 5, 1881 – September 19, 1881.
Vice president: Chester A. Arthur.
Shot on July 1, 1881 by Charles Guiteau and later died in office from this wound.
Children: James Rudolph Garfield, Harry Augustus Garfield, Edward Garfield, Mary Garfield, Irvin M. Garfield, Eliza Arbella Garfield, Abram Garfield Chester Alan Arthur 10/05/1830-11/18/1886 Born in Fairfield, Vermont.
Married to Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur.
Presidential term: September 19, 1881 – March 4, 1885.
Children: Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, William Lewis Herndon, Chester Alan Arthur II, William Lewis Herndon Arthur, Ellen Hansbrough Herndon.
Nickname: "The Gentleman Boss"; "Elegant Arthur".
No Vice President.
Finished Garfield's Term after he was assassinated.
Chinese Exclusion Act(1882).
Pendleton Act(1883). Grover Cleveland 3/18/1837-6/24/1908 Born in Caldwell, New Jersey.
Married to Frances Folsom Cleveland (m. 1886–1908) Got married in the White House.
Presidential terms: March 4, 1885 – March 4, 1889, March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1897. Was elected twice.
Children: Ruth Cleveland, Esther Cleveland.
Vice presidents: Adlai E. Stevenson and Thomas A. Hendricks.
Grover is the 22nd and 24th president.
Presidential Succession Act(1886)
Dedication of Statue of Liberty(1886) France gave the Statue of Liberty located in Ellis Island.
Interstate Commerce Act(1887)
Dawes Severalty Act(1887)
Panic of 1893
Chicago World's Fair(1893)
Pullman's Strike(1894)
States Entering Union: Utah (1896). Born in North Bend, Ohio.
Married to Caroline Lavinia Scott- she died of tuberculosis while he was in office.
Children: Mary Harrison McKee, Russell Benjamin Harrison, Elizabeth Harrison, Mary "Mamie" Scott Harrison McKee, Russell Benjamin Harrison.
Nicknames: "kid gloves harrison" and "little ben."
Vice president: Levi P. Morton.
Presidential term: March 4, 1889 – March 4, 1893.
Sherman Anti-Trust Act(1890)
Sherman Silver Purchaes Act(1890)
Electricity Installed in the White House(1891).
States Entering the Union: Montana (1889), Washington (1889), South Dakota (1889), North Dakota (1889), Wyoming (1890), Idah (1890). Is famous because brought the most states into United States.
He is William Henry Harrison Grandson. William McKinley Jr. 1/29/1843-9/14/1901 Born in Niles, Ohio.
Married to Ida Saxton McKinley (m. 1871–1901).
Vice presidents: Theodore Roosevelt, Garret Hobart.
Presidential term: March 4, 1897 – September 14, 1901.
Children: Katherine McKinley, Ida McKinley.
Assassinated: September 14, 1901, Buffalo after being elected to his second term.
Spanish-American War (1898)
Annexation of Hawaii (1898)
Open Door Policy/ Boxer Rebellion (1899-1900)
Gold Standard Act (1900) Theodore Roosevelt 10/27/1858-1/06/1919 Born in New York City.
Married to Edith Roosevelt (m. 1886), Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt (m. 1880–1884).
Presidential term: September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1909.
Childern: By his first wife, Alice Lee Roosevelt Longworth (February 12, 1884 - February 20, 1980). By his second wife , Theodore Jr. (September 13, 1887 - July 12, 1944), Ethel Carow Roosevelt Derby (August 13, 1891 - December 10, 1977), (Kenneth) Kermit (October 10, 1889 - June 4, 1943), Archibald Bulloch (April 9, 1894 - October 13, 1979), Quentin Theodore (November 19, 1897 - July 14, 1918) killed in WW I.
Nickname: "Teddy"; "Trust Buster"; "TR"
Panama Canal Rights Acquired (1904)
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904-1905)
Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905)
Won Noble Peace Prize (1906)
Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
San Francisco Earthquake (1906)
Panic of 1907.
States Entering the Union: Oklahoma (1907). William H. Taft 9/15/1857-3/1930 Born in Cincinnati.
Married to Helen "Nellie" Herron Taft.
Presidential term: March 4, 1909 – March 4, 1913.
Vice president: James S. Sherman.
Children: Robert Taft, Charles Phelps Taft II, Helen Taft Manning.
Nicknames: "Big Chief", "Big Lub".
Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act(1909)
Sixteenth Amendment Ratified (1913)
Dollar Diplomacy
Antitrust Policy
States Entering the Union: New Mexico (1912) and Arizona (1912).
Got Stuck in a Bath Tub.
Becomes Cheifs Justice in the Supreme Court. Thomas Woodrow Wilson 12/28/1856-2/03/1924 Born in Staunton city.
Married to Edith Bolling Wilson (m. 1915–1924), Ellen Louise Wilson (m. 1885–1914).
Nicknames: The Phrasemaker, The Schoolmaster.
Presidential term: March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1921.
Children: Jessie Woodrow Wilson Sayre, Eleanor Wilson McAdoo, Margaret Woodrow Wilson.
Vice President: Thomas R. Marshall.
Seventh Amendment ratified calling for direct election of Senators (1913).
Federal Reserve Act (1913)Clayton Anti-Trust Act (1914)World War I (1914-1918)Lusitania Sunk (1915)United States entered World War I by declaring war on Germany (1917)Treaty of Versailles (1919)Eighteenth Amendment ratified prohibiting alcoholic beverages (1919)Nineteenth Amendment ratified giving women the right to vote (1920) Warren Gamaliel Harding 9/02/1865-8/02/1923 Born in Blooming Grove, Ohio.
Married to Florence Kling DeWolfe Harding.
Vice president: Calvin Coolidge.
Presidential term: March 4, 1921 – August 2, 1923.
Dies of blood clot in the brain during his first term.
Teapot Dome ScandalHarding officially opposed entry into the League of Nations (1921)
World War I was formally ended by joint resolution (1921)
War protestor Eugene V. Debs was pardoned (1921)
US, France, Great Britain, Japan, and Italy sign an agreement to limit naval armaments (1922) Calvin Coolidge 7/04/1872-1/05/1933 Born in Plymouth, Vermont.
Married to Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge.
Vice president: Charles G. Dawes.
Presidential term: August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1929.
Nicknames: Cautious Cal, Cool Cal, Silent Cal, The Sphinx of the Potomac.
Children: John Coolidge, Calvin Coolidge, Jr.
Immigration Act of 1924
Revenue Acts of 1924 and 1926
Charles Lindbergh make his historic transatlantic flight (1927)
Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) Herbert Clark Hoover 8/10/1874-10/20/1964 Born in West Branch, Iowa.
Married to Lou Henry Hoover
Presidential term: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1933.
Vice president: Charles Curtis.
Children: Herbert Hoover, Jr., Allan Hoover, Herbert Charles Hoover.
Nicknames: The Great Engineer and The Great Humanitarian, The Chief.
Stock Market Crash (1929)
Start of the Great Depression (1929)
Hawley-Smoot Tariff (1930)
Bonus Army March (1932)
Lame Duck Amendment Ratified (1933) Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1/30/1882-4/12/1945 Born in Hyde Park, New York.
Married to Eleanor Roosevelt (m. 1905–1945).
Presidential term: March 4, 1933 – April 12, 1945.
Children: James Roosevelt, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Jr., Elliott Roosevelt, Anna E. Roosevelt, John Aspinwall Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, Jr.
Nicknames: FDR.
Vice presidents: Harry S. Truman, John Nance Garner, Henry A. Wallace.
Twenty-First Amendment - Repeal of Prohibition (1933)
New Deal policies including the creation of the CCC, NRA, and TVA (1933-1935)
Social Security Act (1935)
Court Packing Plan (1937)
World War II (1939-1945)
Pearl Harbor attacked; US enters World War II (1941)
Yalta Conference (1945)
The Best President Top #1. Born in Lamar, Missouri.
Married to Bess Truman (m. 1919–1972).
Presidential term: April 12, 1945 – January 20, 1953.
Vice president: Alben W. Barkley.
Children: Margaret Truman Daniel.
Nicknames: Give 'Em Hell Harry
Atomic Bombs Dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (1945)
End of World War II (1945)
United Nations Created (1945)
Nuremburg Trials (1945-1946)
Truman Doctrine (1947)
Taft-Hartley Act (1947)
Israel Created (1948)
Marshall Plan (1948-1952)
NATO Treaty (1949)
Korean Conflict (1950-1953)
Twenty-Second Amendment Ratified (1951)
Hydrogen Bomb Detonated (1952)
Added a S. to his name to sound more like a president does not have a middle name. Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower 10/14/1890-3/28/1969 Born in Denison, Texas.
Married to Mamie Eisenhower (m. 1916–1969).
Nicknames: Duckpin, General Ike, Ike, Kansas Cyclone, Little Ike.
Vice president: Richard Nixon.
Children: John Eisenhower, Doud Eisenhower.
End of the Korean War (1953)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Interstate Highway System Created (1956)
Eisenhower ordered Federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas to enforce integration (1957)
Eisenhower Doctrine (1957)
States Entering Union: Alaska (1959) and Hawaii (1959). John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy 5/29/1917-11/22/1963 Born in Brookline, Massachusetts.
Assassinated: November 22, 1963, Dallas.
Married to Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis (m. 1953–1963).
Presidential term: January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963.
Children: John F. Kennedy, Jr., Caroline Kennedy, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, Arabella Kennedy.
Vice president: Lyndon Baines Johnson.
Nicknames: JFK, Jack.
Peace Corps created (1961)
Bay of Pigs (1961)
Berlin Wall built (1961)
Alan Shepard, Jr. became the first American in space (1961)
Twenty-Third Amendment was ratified giving the residents of the District of Columbia the right to vote in presidential elections (1961)
Cuban Missile Crisis (1962)
Appears on the 50 cents Coin. Lyndon Baines Johnson 8/27/1908-1/22/1973 Born in Stonewall, Texas.
Married to Lady Bird Johnson (m. 1934–1973). They were called the LBJ's
Vice president: Hubert Humphrey.
Presidential term: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969.
Children: Luci Baines Johnson, Lynda Bird Johnson Robb, Madeleine Duncan Brown.
Nicknames: Landslide Lyndon, Light-Bulb Lyndon, LBJ.
Vietnam Conflict Continues (1963 - 1969)
Civil Rights Act (1964)
Twenty-Fourth Amendment ratified outlawing the poll tax (1964)
Medicare and Medicaid (1965)
Twenty-Fifth Amendment ratified concerning the order of succession for the presidency (1967)
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. assassinated (1968)
Robert Kennedy assassinated (1968)
Pueblo Incident (1968) Richard Milhous Nixon 1/09/1913-4/22/1994 Born in Yorba Linda, California.
Married to Thelma Catherine "Pat" Ryan Nixon (m. 1940–1993).
Presidential term: January 20, 1969 – August 9, 1974. Resigned during second term because of the Watergate cover-up.
Vice presidents: Gerald Ford, Spiro Agnew.
Nicknames: Red Hunter, Slick Rick, Tricky Dick.
Children: Julie Nixon Eisenhower, Patricia Nixon Cox.
Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon (1969)
Environmental Protection Agency created (1970)
Twenty-Sixth Amendment ratified giving 18-year-olds the right to vote (1971)
Break-in at Watergate occurs (1972)
SALT(Strategic Arms Limitation Treat) Agreement (1972)
Nixon visits China (1972)
End of the Vietnam War (1973)
Vice President Spiro T. Agnew resigns (1973)
Nixon resign (1974)
First President to Quit. Gerald Rudolph "Jerry" Ford, Jr. 7/14/1913-12/26/2006 Born in Omaha, Nebraska.
Married to Elizabeth Ann Bloomer Warren "Betty" Ford (m. 1948–2006).
Presidential term: August 9, 1974 – January 20, 1977.
Nicknames: Jerry, Mr. Nice Guy.
Vice president: Nelson Rockefeller.
Children: Susan Ford, Steven Ford, John Gardner Ford, Michael Ford.
Ford grants Nixon an unconditional pardon (1974)
Campaign Reform Law (1974)
Communist victory in Southeast Asia (1975-76)
Helsinki Agreement (1975)
Was not elected. Pordan Richard M. Nixion. James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. 10/01/1924-Still alive. Born in Plains, Georgia.
Married to Eleanor Rosalynn Carter (m. 1946).
Vice president: Walter Mondale.
Children: Amy Carter, Jack Carter, Donnel Carter, James Carter.
Nicknames: Jimmy, The Peanut Farmer.
Vietnam War era draft evaders pardoned (1977)
Panama Canal Treaty (1977)
Camp David Accords (1978)
US officially recognizes People's Republic of China (1979)
Three Mile Island incident (1979)
Iran Hostage Crisis (1979-81) Born in Tampico, Illinois.
Married to Jane Wyman(m. 1940–1948) Nancy Reagan (m. 1952–2004)
Vice president: George H. W. Bush.
Children: Michael Reagan, Ron Reagan, Patti Davis, Maureen Reagan, Christine Reagan.
Nicknames: Dutch, The Great Communicator, The Gipper.
Presidential term: January 20, 1981 – January 20, 1989.
Sandra Day O'Connor named first woman Supreme Court justice (1981)
Attempted assassination (1981)
Granada invasion (1983)
Iran-Contra Scandal (1985-89)
Glasnost with the Soviet Union (1985-1991)
Stark incident in Gulf War (1987)
Was a Hollywood Actor. George Herbert Walker Bush 7/12/1924-Still alive Born in Milton, Massachusetts.
Married to Barbara Pierce Bush(m. 1945)
Presidential term: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993.
Vice president: Dan Quayle.
Children: George Bush, Jeb Bush, Neil Bush, Dorothy Bush Koch, Marvin Bush, Robin Bush.
Nicknames: Papa Bush, Poppy.
Invasion of Panama (1989)
Savings and Loan bail out (1989)
Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska (1989)
Americans with Disabilities Act (1990)
Break up of the Soviet Union (1991)
Persian Gulf War (1990-91) William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton 8/19/1946-Still alive. Born in Hope, Arkansas.
Married to Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton(m. 1975).
Presidential term: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001.
Vice president: Al Gore.
Nicknames: Bill, Bubba, Secretariat, Slick Willie, Teflon Bill, The Comeback Kid, The Man From Hope, The Wizard of "Is", The first black president, the Compromiser in Chief.
Children: Chelsea Clinton.
NAFTA (1993)
World Trade Center Terrorist Bombing (1993)
Oklahoma City federal building Terrorist bombing (1995)
War in former Yugoslavia (1999)
Impeachment (1999) George Walker Bush 7/06/1946-Still alive . Born in New Haven, Connecticut.
Married to Laura Lane Welch Bush(m. 1977).
Vice president: Dick Cheney.
Children: Jenna Hager, Barbara Pierce Bush.
Presidential term: January 20, 2001 – January 20, 2009.
Nicknames: Bush Jr., Dubya.
Contested Election (2000)
Terrorist Attack on the Pentagon and the World Trade Center in New York City (September 11, 2001)
War in Afghanistan (2001)
War in Iraq (2003) Barack Hussein Obama II 8/04/1961 Born in Honolulu,
Married to Michelle LaVaughn Robinson Obama (m. 1992).
Children: Natasha Obama, Malia Ann Obama.
Vice president: Joe Biden.
Nicknames: No Drama Obama. Interesting Facts about Barack Obama: He collects Spider-Man and Conan the Barbarian comics.
He was known as "O'Bomber" at high school for his skill at basketball.
His name means "one who is blessed" in Swahili.
His favourite meal is wife Michelle's shrimp linguini.
He won a Grammy in 2006 for the audio version of his memoir, Dreams From My Father.
He is left-handed – the sixth post-war president to be left-handed.
He has read every Harry Potter book.
He owns a set of red boxing gloves autographed by Muhammad Ali.
He worked in a Baskin-Robbins ice cream shop as a teenager and now can't stand ice cream.
He can speak Spanish.
He carries a tiny Madonna and child statue and a bracelet belonging to a soldier in Iraq for good luck. Interesting Facts about: Andrew Johnson: He was never allowed to go to school.
He started working as a tailor's apprentice when he was 14.
He got married when he was 18.
With some help from his wife and others, he taught himself to read and write.
Served 10 years as US Congressman starting at age 34.
Was the only Southern senator to remain loyal to the US.
Was a Democrat until the Republicans nominated him for Vice-President.
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