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Organizational Development and Change
Transcript of Organizational Development and Change
- a modification or transformation of the organization's structure or goods
- a process in which an organization optimizes performance as it works toward its ideal state
Factors of Change
2. Revolutionary or Unplanned Change
- happens when the current operation method can no longer fulfill the demand and a significant change has to be made.
Types of Unplanned Change
Kurt Lewin's Force Field Analysis
Driving Force - pushing of the organization to a new direction
Restraining Force - preventing the organization from changing
Planning for Change
Types of Change
1. Evolutionary or Planned Change
- a change resulting from a deliberate decision to alter the organization
Types of Planned Change:
Total Quality Management
Management by Objectives
Organization Development and Change
WHY DOES AN ORGANIZATION NEED ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE?
1. Internal Factor
Change in top management
Change in the size of organization
Employees' needs and values
Deficiency in existing organization
2. External Factor
Environmental and National Factors
Resistance to Change
1. Individual Resistance
Fear of Loss
2. Organizational Resistance
Lack of clear communication
Lack of sufficient resources
Managing Resistance to Change
Education and Communication
Empathy and support
Team Building as an integral OD strategy
Team Building is an OD strategy that is often used in organizations to make work groups more cohesive, committed, satisfied and productive.
Team Building Strategies
1. Get to know the team
2. Define the team's purpose
3. Clarify roles
4. Establish norms
5. Draw up a game plan
6. Encourage questions
7. Share the limelight
8. Be participatory
9. Celebrate Accomplishment
9. Assess team effectiveness
- a field of study that addresses change and how it affects organizations and the individuals within the organization
- assists organization in coping with turbulent environment, both internally and externally