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Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Sla
Transcript of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Sla
Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass
Written By Himself
Published in 1845
About Frederick Douglass
Born in Talbot Country, Maryland as a slave.
He was originally Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, but he changed his name when he ran away to the north.
Estimates he was born in 1817 or 1818.
He understood the correlation of learning to read and write and becoming free(Douglass).
Douglass' first master was Captain Anthony, who was a wealthy plantation owner with hundreds of slaves
Douglass' mother was Harriet Bailey. She would sneak out at night to see him a couple times a year, however he is hardly affected by her death when he was seven years old
He does not know who his father is, but there are rumors that his father is his master.
Douglass does not work in the field on the plantation because he is to young. (Douglass)
At seven years old, he is sent to Baltimore to work for a family member of his old master
his master's wife begins to teach him to read, until her husband realizes and tells her this would ruin a slave
this is when he begins to understand the importance of education and he continues to learn to read and write without the help of his masters.
Eventually, he was sent back to work on a plantation, then because of his actions, rented to Mr. Covey, a slave breaker for two years.
His treatment gets to be to much and Douglass fights Mr. Covey to avoid being whipped.
After the fight, Mr. Covey never touches Douglass again, and Douglass resolves to run away and to never let another man whip him again.
Douglass' second escape attempt is successful and he flees to New York then to New Bedford where he and his new wife, Anna, receive help from Mr. Johnson and change their names to Douglass. (Douglass)
While in New Bedford, Douglass subscribes to The Liberator, an abolitionist magazine edited by William Lloyd Garrison (Sparknotes).
In August of 1841, Frederick Douglass attends an antislavery meeting where he meets Garrison, and speaks about his life as a slave (Douglass).
From that moment on, Douglass worked as an abolitionist speaking out against slavery for the American Anti-Slavery Society (Douglass).
Many people did not believe that such a well-spoken man could have so recently been a slave. In response to this criticism, he wrote The Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass which quickly became a best seller in 1845(Sparknotes).
Since Douglass used real names in the novel, he fled to the British Isles until some friends bought his freedom (Sparknotes).
Presentation by Chase Frailey
Douglass, Frederick, and Houston A. Baker. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin, 1982. Print.
"Baltimore." University of Baltimore. University of Baltimore, n.d. Web. 5 Aug. 2013. <http://bniajfi.org>.
"Emancipation Proclamation." web Guides. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Aug. 2013. <http://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/EmanProc.html>.
"Frederick Douglass." Slavery and Abolitionism in the US. Instructional and Media Services, n.d. Web. 5 Aug. 2013. <http://deila.dickinson.edu/slaveryandabolition/title/0109.html>.
"Frederick Douglass portrait." wikepedia. wikepedia, n.d. Web. 5 Aug. 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Frederick_Douglass_portrait.jpg>.
"Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave." Sparknotes. Sparknotes, n.d. Web. 5 Aug. 2013. <http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/narrative/context.html>.
"Sail Boat." Sail Boat Page. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Aug. 2013. <http://www.kolayah.com/sailboats.htm>.
The Journey to Freedom
In 1875, Douglass started his own newspaper The North Star, which focused on antislavery and women's rights (Sparknotes).
In 1861, the Civil War broke out and Douglass worked to make the goal of the war to free slaves and to allow blacks to fight.
The Emancipation Proclamation was issued in 1862, and blacks were allowed to enlist in 1863.
The Civil War was finally won on April 9, 1865.
Douglass spent the rest of his life fighting for equal treatment and for the right for blacks to vote until he died in 1895 (Sparknotes).
The Civil War and Later Life
"Whilst I was saddened by the thought of losing the aid of my kind mistress, I was gladdened by the invaluable instruction which, by the merest accident, I had gained from my master (Douglass, 115).
"From my earliest recollection, I date the entertainment of a deep conviction that slavery would not always be able to hold me within its foul embrace; and in the darkest hours of my career in slavery, this living word of faith and spirit of hope departed not from me, but remained like ministering angels to cheer me through the gloom. This good spirit was from God, and to him I offer thanksgiving and praise (Douglass, 110)."
White-sailed Ships on the Chesapeake: Symbolism of Freedom
"By far the larger part of the slaves know as little of their ages as horses know of theirs (Douglass, 45). : Simile
"Their songs revealing the highest joy and the deepest sadness, (Douglass, 71). : Paradox