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Advanced Grammar

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by

Brian McGrew

on 30 November 2016

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Transcript of Advanced Grammar

1. Honesty
is
the best policy.
2. Water
boils
at 100 degrees Celsius.
3. Seattle, the emerald city,
lies
in the Pacific Northwest.
4. Michael Jordan
fakes
to the right and
attacks
left leaving his defenders easily behind him.
5. I
think
Hillary Clinton will be our next president.
Continued
11. They currently
live
in Madrid.
12. Picasso
is
able to use everyday objects to create abstract scenes.
13. I
accept
your apology.
14. It
takes
two to tango.
15. Mr. Watson
asks
Mr. Holmes whether he would prefer whiskey to tea.
Continued
6. We
leave
for Athens next week.
7. And then he
goes
, “What about Johnny?”
8. First
attach
the trunk with the provided screws to the floor. Next…
9. We
meet
at Empire States Building, and from there, the tour
leads
up 50th street to Madison Square Garden.
10. Stock market
jumps
over 10% in response to Boeings new model.

Explain the highlighted verbs
Explain the verb usage
1. She
finished
her degree in 2014.
2. The Danube
was
an important means of transportation for the Hapsburg Empire.
3. When I was young I
went
trick-or-treating every Halloween.
4. He always
wanted
and
strived
to be a good person.
5. She
jumped
over the fence and
ran
down the path.


Continued
11. I
was reading
from 10:-11:00 pm.
12. I
was driving
home when the Twin Towers
fell
.
13. I
was thinking
about the problem and Jane
was goofing off
.
14. She
was
very stable, but he
was
usually
changing
jobs.

Continued
6. If I
were
rich, I would retire early.
7. I
hoped
you could give me hand.
8. He
jumps
over the bar!/He is
jumping
over the bar.
9. You
jump
to conclusions. You
are

jumping
to conclusions.
10. Upper Austrians
are drinking
more wine and less beer.

continued
6. Real Madrid
has won
the European Cup six times.
7. US presidential elections
have annoyed
me for as long as I can remember.
8. They
’ve had
that car for at least ten years.
9. I am back at work now because I I
have recovered
from the flu.

Give the name & usage
Day One
Day 2
Day 3
Advanced Grammar
Usage categories for the simple present
1. State use
2. Event use
3. Habitual use
4. Future present
5. Historical present
6. Imaginary use
Considering the
progressive
1. Transitional event verbs
2. Activity verbs
3. Process verbs
4. Verbs of inert perception
5. Verbs of inert cognition
6. Verbs of attitude
7. State verbs of have and be
8. Verbs of bodily sensation
9. Momentary verbs
Continued
15. I
guess
she will win the race.
16. I
am thinking
as an architect when I say this.
17. What are you doing? I
am reading
a book.
18. The number of impoverished Austrians
is increasing
.
19. I
smell
something rotten in the fridge.
Continued
20. My tooth
aches/is aching
today.
21. I
intend
to finish my studies next year.
22. I
own
a car.
23. Someone
is knocking
at the door.
24. Look he
’s tasting
the rocky mountain oysters!
Continued
25. I can’t see the bus. Well I
am looking
at it!
26. I
am hearing
you loud and clear.
27. Ken
was dying
a slow but painless death.
28. I
’m hoping
you will say yes.
29. My little brother
is being
nice; he must want something.

Continued
30. Liz
told
me about it. vs. Liz
was telling
me about it.
31. I
am running
every day now.
32. Often when I
am eating
my lunch, I
have
to answer the phone.
33. We
are
constantly
recording
seismic activity from the pacific ring of fire.
34. He
is
always
saying
annoying things.
1. I’
ve been
in Austria since 2003.
2. She
’s had
treatment against cancer.
3.
Have
you ever
been
to Wankham before?
4. He’
s cut
his hand with a pocketknife and needs to go to the hospital.
5. He
wants
to run in the marathon but can’t because he
has broken
his leg.

10. Some of the best bridges
were built
in ancient Rome. Some of the best bridges
have been built
in North America.
11. The president
ruled
with an iron fist. The president
has ruled
with an iron fist.
12. Jane
has injured
her elbow. Jane injured her elbow.
Explain change in meaning
Day 4
What tense fits to adverbial of time?
1. Earlier this year
2. This year
3. Since Thursday
4. On Thursday
5. Lately

Continued
6. After breakfast
7. Today
8. Always
9. Now
10. At last year’s cook-off the chef had burnt his hand and couldn’t participate.
11. Yesterday he asked them whether they had been to Rome before.
12. The car had already been a pile of junk before I bought it.
13. Her grandfather had played that song for years before she played it.
14. I went inside after I had parked the car.
Explain the tense & aspect
Continued
15. They look tired. Yeah. They’ve been playing tennis.
16. Who’s been drinking my vodka? Who has drunk my vodka?
17. They’ve been renovating the house. They’ve renovated the house.
18. I’ve been attending class quite regularly.
19. She told me that she had been attending class quite regularly.
20. The contest was taking place the next day.
21. The contest was going to take place the next day.
22. Twenty years later they were to (would) be the richest oligarchs the country had ever seen.
23. Jane, who later became president, was a well-known actress at the time.
24. We used to go down to grandma’s house every month's end or so.
25. He used to be taller.
Continued
Day 5
Describe usage
1. Your hair
will fall out
when you
get
older.
2. You
’ll miss
the show if you
don’t
hurry.
3. By the age of 18 you
will have seen
30,000 deaths in television.
4. I
shall
request a police escort to ensure your safety.
5. …and God’s wrath
shall fill
the hearts of men with fear.
Continued
6. I’
m going to
stay home tomorrow.
7. The car is making a strange noise. I
’ll take
it to be serviced tomorrow.
8. The cave looks like it
is going
to collapse.
9. I’
m attending
the ceremony tomorrow.
10. When you
arrive
, you
will be
tired.
Continued
11. I
’ll scream
if you
do
n’t leave me alone.
12. Make sure that you
arrive
early.
13. We
change
the clocks to summer time on Sunday.
14. We
leave
for Madrid tonight.
15. This time next year we
will be lying
on the beach in the sun.
Continued
16. I
’ll be flying
to San Francisco next week, due to the problems out west.
17. If you wish to join me, I
’ll be leaving
soon.
18. We are out of beer. I
’ll go
to the store and get some.
19. A: We are out of beer.
B: I know. Don’t worry. I
am going/(to go)
to the store tomorrow.
Typical elements of the progressive
Temporariness
lengthening Duration
limiting duration
incompleteness
temporal framing
Modal verbs
1. Can
a. Possibility
b. Ability
c. Permission
2. May
a. Possibility
b. Permission
c. Formal, formulaic
(similar to subjunctive)

3. Must
a. Obligation (authority)
b. Requirement
c. Logical necessity
4. Have to
a. Obligation
b. Requirement
c. Logical necessity

Examples
a. She is a real polyglot, she
can
speak eight languages.
b. Where is Jen? She
must
be out walking the dog.
c.
May
he rot in hell.
d. Keep an eye out for dark clouds, there
may
be bad weather coming.
e. Miss, you
can
stay in the waiting room until we are ready.
continued
f. All EU-citizens
can
go to Austrian universities for free.
g. Since the question has been asked, we
must
find an answer.
h.
May
I use the restroom?
i.
Can
I see your new mobile phone?
j. You
must
return the book by tomorrow.
Not covered today
a. Relations between
can, may, must
and
have
to pp. 81-84

b.
Shall
pp.88-89

7.
Will
a. Prediction/predictability
b. Intention
c. Willingness
d. Insistence
Examples
a. A mother bear
will
attack if it perceives its cubs as endangered.
b. Dad
will
help you with your homework; he is always ready to help.
c. Don’t worry about the snowy conditions, they
will
have arrived by now.
d. I
’ll
clean my room tomorrow.
e. It doesn’t matter how stormy it is. He
will
go out fishing regardless.
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