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Transcript of History- Africa
Early Civilizations of Africa Created by: Kimberly Bertz Julie Bray Carly Libstorff Miriam Deal Alex Smith The Influence of Geography People and Ideas Migrate Nubia Flourishes Along the Nile Outside Influences Affect North Africa Geographic Patterns The Great African desert is located beyond the Savannas.
The Great Rift Valley is the interior passageway.
Mediterranean and Red Sea are the trade routes. Resources Spur Trade Salt Gold Iron Copper Africans traded these minerals The Sahara Dries Out Two Types of People:
Paleolithic-developed ways of hunting and gathering food
Neolithic farmers-develop ways to cultivate the Nile Valley and domesticate animals Desertification: process by which fertile or semi-desert land becomes desert The Bantu Migration Bantu spoke a variety of languages, but their common spoken language is BANTU.
The movement came from this language Nubia (Kush) - Ancient kingdoms on a long stretch of fertile land. Nubia Rivals Egypt 1100 B.C Egyptian control was declining and Nubia gained independence
•730 B.C. Nubian King Piankhi conquered Egypt
•670 B.C. , Nubia was invaded by the Assyrians from Southwest Asia Meroe Masters Trade and Iron •Nubia sent the following:
Perfumes •Meroe produced iron tools and weaponry needed to feed, control, and defend the kingdom Splendor and Decline Nubia worshiped their own gods, including Apedemak 350, A.D Nubia was overwhelmed with King Ezana’s Armies from the Kingdom of Axum to its south Phoenicians Build Carthage Carthage began rising as a great North African power
•Founded by Phoenician traders as a port, Carthage came to dominate western Mediterranean trade
•Trade rivalries between Carthage and Rome led to a series of conflicts called the Punic Wars Rome Rules North Africa There they built the following:
Cities Developed and used North's Africa's farmland as a granary, which produced a lot of grain to feed the Roman Empire North Africa provided soldiers for the Roman Army Islam Spreads into Africa 690s, Muslim Arabs conquered and occupied the cities of North Africa Berbers: a largely nomadic North African people Under Arab rule, Islam replaced Christianity as the dominant religion of North Africa