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Forms of Government
Transcript of Forms of Government
The most common form of government from ancient times to the early part of the 20th century was monarchy.
A monarchy is a form of government that has a single person known as a monarch at its head.
Monarchs use such titles as king, queen, emperor, or empress. Monarchies were once common throughout the world, but now they are rare.
Monarchs generally reign for life. Also, most monarchies are hereditary, which means that they are inherited the power from their parents. This means that when the monarch dies, a son, daughter, or other relative becomes the next monarch.
Monarchs in constitutional monarchies are limited by law and share power with other branches of government.
The term oligarchy can be defined as:
A form of government run by a small number of people such as wealthy landowners, royalty or powerful military figures.
Oligarchies are often controlled by a few powerful families whose children are raised and mentored to become inheritors of the power of the oligarchy, often at some sort of expense to those governed.
The few that made policy in the oligarchy ruling Sparta were a group of twenty-eight men over sixty years old, joined by the two kings. This group of thirty, called the “council of elders” formulated proposals that were submitted to an assembly of all free adult males. This assembly had only limited power to amend the proposals put before it; mostly it was expected to approve the council's plans.
A tyrant is a person who rules with absolute power. In its Greek origin the word has no negative meaning: we translate Oedipus Tyranos as 'Oedipus the King'. A tyrant usually rules a country, and he often got his position as powerful ruler by force, although some of them inherited their power.
In the 10th and 9th centuries BC, Ancient Greece was ruled by monarchs, or kings. By the 7th century BC, they were ruled by groups of aristocrats, or oligarchies . These aristocrats started to become unpopular. This gave the chance to people to get power for themselves, telling the people that they would be good rulers. They took power by force, but often had the support of the people and the backing of the military.
Tyrants can be wicked and generous at the same time.
Often times an ancient tyrant might hold an aristocrat's family hostage, exile them or even put them to death in a public forum.
On the other hand, they also build temples, give money to struggling farmers and spent countless amounts on massive festivals for the people.
Democracy is a form of government in which citizens are the ultimate power source of government power and authority...in other words...
The people held all of the power
There are 2 different types of democracies...
What are they and how are they different and how do they act?
What characteristics make up a democracy?
Citizens rule - The power of the government must rest in the hands of the citizens either directly or through elected representatives.
Free elections - Democracies conduct free and fair elections where all citizens are allowed to vote how they want.