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Garlic - AP Environmental Science Vegetable Project

3rd Period
by

Emilio Cuartero

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Garlic - AP Environmental Science Vegetable Project

Thank You!
HOW DO YOU GROW
GARLIC?
Best time to plant Garlic: Mid-Fall, Early Spring Seasons
Have some Garlic Fries!
by
Emilio
Cuartero
AP Environmental
Science
Presentation
3rd Period
What is Garlic?
What are the types of Garlic?
How do you grow Garlic?
What conditions does Garlic grow best in?
Why Garlic?
Questions/
Index
What is Garlic?
+ Allium Sativum
+Vegetable
+Allium Genus
- related to Onion, Shallot,
Leek, and Chive
+Perennial (2 years)
+ Sterile
(Unpollinated)
+Two Known Types of Garlic
+ Flat Leaves
(Up to 2 Feet)
What are they?
allium sativum ophioscorodon
& allium sativum sativum
a.k.a.
+ Produces cloves
+ Grows well in extensive range of climates; Except of high
heat and heavy rainfall
+ Grown by planting garlic cloves
Break Cloves From Garlic Head
Plant cloves into the soil
Cover with Mulch
Add a layer of compost
Water Often!
Signs on Harvesting
Why Garlic?
SOURCES:
http://www.almanac.com/plant/garlic
http://www.hoodrivergarlic.com/garlic-calendar.htm
http://www.wikihow.com/Grow-Garlic
http://www.caes.uga.edu/Publications/pubDetail.cfm?pk_ID=6972
http://www.thedailygreen.com/green-homes/blogs/organic-gardening/growing-garlic-460709
+ Easy to plant/tend to
+ Various health benefits
+ Can help protect other
plants from pests
+ Used for flavoring
PESTS?
NO
WORRY!
Garlic's pungent smell acts as a natural pest repellent!
Nonetheless, watch out for: aphids
and small creatures, such as mice.
Solutions: Plant sweet-smelling plants
and change mulch, accordingly
+Lengthy growing seasons
to produce decent harvest
+ Bulb Formation and maturing requires cold temperatures at 40 degrees Fahrenheit for at least
40 days.
Garlic Production
( United States & Worldwide)
Storage
Cut the scapes!
EFFECTS
OF
CLIMATE
CHANGE
<----->
+ Garlic needs cool
temperatures for bulb
formation and maturation
+ Global Warming = Increased Temperatures = BAD!!
+Warm Temperatures prevents bulbs
from growing....
+ Farmers must adjust to changing
temperatures --> Planting late Fall- Winter
USES:
Culinary
Medicinal
+seasoning/condiment
+Garlic bulb mostly consumed
Scapes and leaves are edible, too!
Garlic has many healing
properties:
- Reduces Heart Disease
- Lower cholesterol levels
- Antibiotic
DISEASES
WHITE ROT BASAL ROT
SYMPTOMS:
White fungal growth
at bulb base
SOLUTION:
(hot weather)
(cold weather)
+ Hot-water treatment for cloves (Pre- White Rot, Post- Basal Rot)
+ Remove infected
plants
Full transcript