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Transcript of David Hockney
Hockney BIOGRAPHY STYLE IMPACT TOOLS TECHNIQUES INSPIRATION CATEGORY WORKS CAREER David Hockney was born on July 9, 1937, the son of Kenneth and Laura Hockney. He studied at the Bradford School of Art from 1953 to 1957. His training included figure drawing, portraiture, and cityscapes. Who is David Hockney? A
PAINTER Nichols Canyon, 1890
acrylic on canvas, 84x60in. A DRAUGHTSMAN (a person who draws.) Untitled III, 2009
charcoal on paper, 26x40 in. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? A PRINTMAKER Still Life with Book, 1973
lithograph on paper, 32x25 in. A STAGE DESIGNER A Rocky Landscape,
from The Magic Flute.
1978. Last, but not least, A PHOTOGRAPHER From 1959 to 1962, David studied at the Royal College of Art in London. 1937 - 1947 1947 - 1957 1957 - 1967 He took part in a Young Contemporaries exhibition at the RBA Galleries in 1960. In the 1961 John Moores Liverpool Exhibition, David won the Junior Section Prize. He holds his first solo exhibition, David Hockney: Pictures with People In, at John Kasmin's gallery in 1963. 1967 - 1977 Again in 1963, David travels to New York and meets Andy Warhol, the influential pop artist. In 1970, David created the first photographic 'joiners', now known as photocollages. Telephone Pole, 1982
photographic collage, 66x40 in. In 1971, David traveled to Japan to film David Hockney's Diaries, a documentary made by Michael and Christian Blackwood. He held another solo exhibition in 1974, at the Musee des Arts Decoratifs, in Paris where he now lived. 1977 - 1987 In 1977, David designed production sets as well as costumes for The Magic Flute. Trial by Fire,
The Magic Flute. Los Angeles became his permanent residence in 1978. In 1985, David designed the cover as well as forty pages for the December issue of French Vogue magazine. 1987 - 1997 Throughout this time period, David continued to open many more exhibits all over the world. In 1992, he opened a painting exhibit in Chicago. In 1993, a retrospective of his work opened in Barcelona, Spain. That same year, he opened a painting exhibition in New York. In 1995, David created large abstract paintings for an exhibit in Los Angeles. He also displayed more of his artwork in Venice. 1997 - 2007 David opened his traveling photography retrospective at the Museum of Contemporary Art in LA in 2001. In 2006, he developed a new style of painting, where he painted on multiple canvasses in order to form a larger picture. This can be linked back to his style of photography. In 2007, David composed his largest painting ever, made up of 50 separate canvasses. Bigger Trees Near Warter, 2007.
oil on canvas, 50 panels, 15x40 ft. 2007 - present David opened another exhibit in 2009 in Germany. Keeping up with technology, David began to experiment with a new art form - the Brushes app on his iPhone. iPhone Drawing, 2009. Described as one of the most influential British artists of the 20th century, David Hockney continues to be an active artist to this day. David Hockney's career as it pertains to photography. David Hockney was an artist who worked with many mediums, which meant that photography was not his art form of choice. He mainly experimented with photography between 1970 and 1986. David Hockney's style of photography consists simply of photocollages. They are extremely distinctive, and immediately recognizable. A photocollage is made up of separate photographs, arranged together to look like one uniform picture. The photographer may choose to shoot the photographs from different angles, and at different times, so that they do not match up with one another in the final collage, or he may overlap them for a different visual effect. Here are some examples of David Hockney's photography. Mother, Bradford Yorkshire, 1982.
composite polaroid, 56x23 1/2 in. David's first photocollage, called a composite polaroid because it was made up of polaroid photographs, was of his mother. Merced River, Yosemite Valley 1982.
photographic collage, 52x61 in. Here you can see David's signature style of photocollage, in which the photos are arranged in such a way that they do not form one smooth image, but rather induce the effect of movement and persepective. Still Life Blue Guitar, 1982.
composite polaroid, 24 1/2x30 in. From 1982 to 1984, David Hockney makes his first composite Polaroids and photographic collages. He completes this photocollage, Pearblossom Hwy., in April of 1986, marking the end of his experiments with photography. In 1976, he began to take a greater interest in photography, experimenting when he could. Prehistoric Museum Near Palm Springs, 1982.
photographic collage, 84 1/2 x 56 1/2 in. Pearblossom Highway, 1986.
77x112 1/2 in. David Hockney had an extremely short career in photography, spanning only about four years. However, although photography was only an 'experiment' to him, David was able to develop a completely new style. David Hockney's 'joiners' were actually the result of an accident. David disliked photographs taken with wide-angle lenses in the sixties. Rather than use a wide-angle lens, he took several Polaroid shots of a living room, and glued them together, intending to use it as reference for his painting. When he had completed the final image, David noticed that the picture had created an effect as though the viewer were moving through the photograph. After this incident, he began to experiment with photography more extensively. The photocollages were intended to show movement of the subject in the photograph, as seen from the perspective of the photographer. Cubism, an avant-garde art movement in which the subject is broken up, and reassembled in an abstract manner, was an artistic technique which was used by David Hockney in his original joiners. An example of cubism. His first Polaroid composites were arranged in a grid format, with white spaces between each Polaroid. Paul Kasmin and Jasper Conran, Pembroke Studios, London.
May 1982. Because he disliked the white spaces, David Hockney switched over to digital photography in order to achieve a more seamless photocollage. To create the feeling of movement in his photocollages, David shot his photographs from different perspectives, or at different times. David used a Polaroid for his first attempts at a photocollage. He later switched over to a Pentax 110 digital camera. Because David Hockney only experimented with photography for a short while, he did not have very many works. Here is a review of all them. COMPOSITE POLAROIDS Photocollages David Hockney has always been considered an artist of the pop art era. Although his photocollages include portraits, still lifes, candid photos, and cityscapes, David's work could be considered a category on its own. Photocollages can be found in modern framed artwork, scrapbooks, yearbooks, and even sometimes special photo editing tools. Even online photo editing sites such as Picnik offer a photocollage effect, similar to David Hockney's original photocollage, which showed movement in the subject. The Panography-ish feature allows the user to control the number and the positioning of the component photos, as well as the overall effect of the collage. Why did I choose this photographer? THE END. David held his first American exhibit in 1964, at the Alan Gallery. It was extremely successful, and he was able to sell all of his paintings. While photocollages are mainly seen now in scrapbooks and maybe the occasional piece of living room art, David brought his own signature to it. David's style of photocollage involved an element similar to motion photography. He brought a sense of movement to the final work, creating another dimension. Still Life Blue Guitar, 1982.
composite polaroid, 24 1/2 x 30 in. Patrick Procktor, Pembroke Studios, London 1982
composite polaroid, 52 1/2 x 21 in. Don and Christopher, 1982
composite polaroid, 31 1/2 x 23 1/4 in. Sun On The Pool, 1982
composite polaroid, 34 3/4 x 36 1/4 in. Nicholas Wilder Studying Picasso, 1982
composite polaroid, 48 1/2 x 26 1/2 in. Celia's Children Albert & George Clark, 1982
composite polaroid, 35 x 23 1/4 in.
Mother, Bradford Yorkshire, 1982
composite polaroid, 56 x 23 1/2 in. Telephone Pole, 1982
photographic collage, 66x40 in. Pearblossom Highway, 11th-18th April 1986, photographic collage, 77x112 1/2 in. Walking In The Zen Garden, Ryoanji Temple, Kyoto 1983
photographic collage, 40 x 62 1/2 in. Robert Littman Floating In a Pool, 1982
photographic collage, 22 1/2 x 30 in. Prehistoric Museum Near Palm Springs, 1982
photographic collage, 84 1/2 x 56 1/2 in. Photographing Annie Leibovitz While She Is Photographing Me, 1982
photographic collage, 25 7/8 x 61 3/4 in. David's work inspired modern photography through his attempts to include not one, but two extra dimensions to photography. He considered photography to be a slightly restrictive media because of its 2D format, which inspired him to create unique photographic collages with both 3D and 4D attributes. Photographers today also aspire to create such depth with their photography.