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Transcript of Hinduism
' Jennifer Seto Festivals The Hindu Temple Scripture Tyler Owens Hinduism Bobbi Bailey
Jennifer Seto Scripture, Rites of Passage, Festivals, and Architecture Rites of Passage Architecture Works Cited Consists of four categories:
Upanishads Two Categories of Scriptures Two Categories of Scriptures Hinduism Passage Analysis “Truth can not be suppressed and always is the ultimate victor."
- The Yajur Veda This passage from one of the four Vedas emphasizes the strong predilection towards honesty in Hinduism. Hinduism
Passage Analysis Bobbi Bailey 1) Shruti - That which is heard. 2) Smriti - That which is remembered. This is a predilection also present in many of the world’s other religions, like Christianity and Judaism. Mainly consists of epics, such as:
Mahabharata Whether Hinduism is polytheistic or
monotheistic is up to debate. “He whom neither anger nor joy, nor pride, nor false modesty, nor stupefaction, nor vanity, can draw away from the high ends of life, is considered as wise.”
-Vidura, the Mahabharata This passage from the Mahabharata represents some of the core values of Hinduism. It says that if you are not angry, or joyous, or overly proud of your work, or attempt to seem to modest, and so on, you can be considered wise. It is essentially saying to stay away from extreme emotions, and you will be considered wise. Hinduism
Passage Analysis “He who knows Brahman becomes Brahman.”
(Mundaka Upanishad) This passage from the Upanishads represents Hinduism’s views on Gods. It is essentially saying that if you understand Brahman (who can be defined as the one god of Hinduism, or just a very important god), you become Brahman. If you can understand the gods, you can become them, and this is much of the ideas behind the Hindu Yogas. This quote also represents the Hindu idea of Nirvana, where those who have completed their Dharma will become one with Brahman and lose their identity upon death. Hinduism
Passage Analysis "The mind can be the source of bondage, or
can be the source of liberation."
(Maitri Upanishad) This quote represents the views of Hinduism on knowledge. Your mind can be a prison, or it can be the source of your freedom. If you properly meditate and follow the scriptures of Hinduism, and attempt to complete the Yogas, you can be free from ignorance. If you choose to remain ignorant, your mind shall be your prison. Birth Before birth rituals and prayers are recited to help protect the fetus from harm. The mother eats only healthy foods to ensure the well-being of the baby. In some families the father dips a gold pen in honey and writes the symbol Om on the tongue of the infant in hopes that the child will only speak the truth. The baby isn't named for a week or so and is often named from gods or goddesses. This name is whispered in the ear of the child. Within a few years girls get their ears pierced. Girls and boys have their hair cut in a hair-cutting ceremony that symbolizes renewal from any wrongdoing in past lives. Birth Ceremony of the Sacred Thread Brahmins, Shatriyas, and Vaishyas have The Ceremony of the Sacred Thread, it is an ancient rite of passage into adolescence reserved for male members of the three upper castes. It is a ceremony that introduces them into the religious community. Their heads are shaved, wear a saffron robe and are given a walking stick and renounce worldly possessions. In the presence of a holy person they then receive the sacred thread made up of seven strings that represent power of speech, memory, intelligence, forgiveness, steadfastness, prosperity and good reputation. They pledge these qualities and wear this thread for the rest of their lives.
The ceremony concludes with a fire sacrifice. In older times the boy would follow a teacher to a dwelling where they would study scriptures until they reenter society marry and raise a family however, presently only boys wishing to become priests would continue on this path. Ceremony of the Sacred Thread Marriages are arranged by the parents but the child must also be happy with the choice. Marriages are usually the same caste this is now changing in modern times this is beginning to change. Wedding is one of the most colourful and important ceremony in this religion. It a joyous occasion with food and decorations and most ceremonies last three days.
Family and friends gather around a sacred brick fire as the priest chants Sanskrit versus and leads the bride and groom around the pit. Bells are sounded and family present offerings of clarified butter, grains and flours to the fire. Each time the bride circles the fire she stands on the bricks which affirms her loyalty and strength. Finally the bride and groom take seven steps around the flames, this of most significant part of the Hindu wedding, they are now bonded for life. Marriage Death Hindu's have cremated their dead since ancient times. The ceremony centers around the sacred fire. The body is wrapped in cloth and carried on a stretcher. Family and friends recite prayers to the deity of the deceased as the family and friends walk from their homes to the the cremation grounds. The eldest son usually lights the funeral pyre with a flame from the temple.
Prayers and offerings are made. The deceased is believed to be cleansed by the fire and in the process of rebirth. The belief is also that ritual protects the family from evil spirits. At the end of the ceremony the ashes of the deceased are thrown into the river, believing that the river will purify their souls. Many Hindus want their remains to be left in the River Grange. Festivals How many are there?
There could be one today!
What were they originally meant to do?
The Hindu word utsava means both the generation of power and a festival. Holi – “Festival of Colours” Also called Holaka or Phagwa
Made to celebrate the season of spring and various events in Hindu mythology
Known for its public bonfires, and coloured powders that friends and family throw around
Powders are meant to show the people enjoying the beautiful colours and great energy of spring
Based upon the story of a King named Hiranyakashipu
Holiday is named after the aunt, Holika Navratri – “Festival of Worship and Dance and of Shakti” Also called Durga Puja
Usually ends with Dassehra on a tenth day
In the southern parts of India, its dedicated to Durga, a Hindu Goddess
In the northern parts of India, its to honour Rama’s victory over Ravana
Dassera has been marked as the date when this victory is remembered.
Beginning of autumn is very sacred so they worship Durga to bless it
Festival includes the worshipping of the forms of Shakti and the burning of effigies Raksha Bandhan Also called Rakhi Purnima
Celebrates the relationship between brothers, sisters, and cousins
The sister puts the rakhi on her brother’s wrist
Shows sister's love for her brother
Show that she prays for his happiness
Brother promises to always protect his sister
Rajput queens would send rakhi threads to neighbouring rulers as a sign of friendship and kindness
A legend tells of how Lord Indra’s wife tied a rakhi onto his wrist before he went to battle and was victorious
Bond of love and protection is one of the strongest forces of nature
Ladies prepare a fortnight in advance for it Maha Shivaratri - “The Night of Shiva” Also called Shiva Ratri
Festival for the worship and amazement of Lord Shiva
Give bival leaves to Lord Shiva to show respect
Includes fasting all day and night
Through the day, they would chant the sacred Panchakshara mantra
People would wake up early and take a ritual bath
They go to Lord Shiva’s temples and pray to him
One legend tells of how the world was being destroyed and the Goddess Parvati begged Shiva to save it and he did
Maagha was chosen by Lord Shiva as the best day Diwali - "Festival of Lights" Also called Deepawali
All parts of a family would gather and would do activities together to celebrate life and its greatness
One legend is about Lord Vishu and Lakshmi marrying
Another is to celebrate the Lord, Ganesha
Naraka Chaturdasi is when people shop and it marks the vanquishing of Naraka
Amavasya honours the power of good and evil and marks the praising of Lakshmi
Kartika Shudda Padyami is the actual day of Diwali, is when people eat sweets and set off fireworks, and is when Bali leaves hell and takes over the Earth
Yama Dvitiya is when sisters invite their brothers to their homes
There is fireworks and tons of lights to show respect and appreciation to the heavens for health, wealth, knowledge, peace, and prosperity "Hinduism." Sacred-Texts:. N.p., n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2013.
"Hindu Rites of Passage." Waupun Area School District. Waupun Area School District, n.d. Web. March 2013.
"Hinduism Scriptures." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 31 Mar. 2013.
Kingsley, Ben, dir. Hinduism. 1998. Film. March 2013.
Rice, Edward. The Five Great Religions. New York: Four Winds Press, 1973. Print.
Wangu, Madhu Bazaz. World Religions:
Hinduism, Revised Edition. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2009. Print.
Wangu, Madhu. Hinduism, 4th Edition. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 2009. Print.