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Fight Against World Hunger

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sean moore

on 20 May 2011

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Transcript of Fight Against World Hunger

[Recently there has also been a move to include obesity as a third form of malnutrition. Considering obesity as malnutrition expands the previous usual meaning of the term which referred to poor nutrition due to lack of food inputs.2 It is poor nutrition, but it is certainly not typically due to a lack of calories, but rather too many (although poor food choices, often due to poverty, are part of the problem). Obesity will not be considered here, although obesity is certainly a health problem and is increasingly considered as a type of malnutrition.]

Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is the most lethal form of malnutrition/hunger. It is basically a lack of calories and protein. Food is converted into energy by humans, and the energy contained in food is measured by calories. Protein is necessary for key body functions including provision of essential amino acids and development and maintenance of muscles. •the want or scarcity of food in a country •a strong desire or craving
World hunger refers to the second definition, aggregated to the world level. The related technical term (in this case operationalized in medicine) is malnutrition. Malnutrition is a general term that indicates a lack of some or all nutritional elements necessary for human health (Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia). There are two basic types of malnutrition. The first and most important is protein-energy malnutrition--the lack of enough protein (from meat and other sources) and food that provides energy (measured in calories) which all of the basic food groups provide. This is the type of malnutrition that is referred to when world hunger is discussed. The second type of malnutrition, also very important, is micronutrient (vitamin and mineral) deficiency. This is not the type of malnutrition that is referred to when world hunger is discussed, though it is certainly very important. What is hunger? •the uneasy or painful sensation caused by want of food; craving appetite. Also the exhausted condition caused by want of food •a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation Does the world produce enough food to feed everyone?

The world produces enough food to feed everyone. World agriculture produces 17 percent more calories per person today than it did 30 years ago, despite a 70 percent population increase. sources of information: Bibliography

Black RE, Morris SS, Bryce J. "Where and why are 10 million children dying every year?" Lancet. 2003 Jun 28;361(9376):2226-34.

Black, Robert E, Lindsay H Allen, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Laura E Caulfield, Mercedes de Onis, Majid Ezzati, Colin Mathers, Juan Rivera, for the Maternal and Child Undernutrition Study Group Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. (Article access may require registration) The Lancet Vol. 371, Issue 9608, 19 January 2008, 243-260.

Jennifer Bryce, Cynthia Boschi-Pinto, Kenji Shibuya, Robert E. Black, and the WHO Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group. 2005. "WHO estimates of the causes of death in children." Lancet ; 365: 1147–52.

Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Blössner M, Black RE. Undernutrition as an underlying cause of child deaths associated with diarrhea, pneumonia, malaria, and measles. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2004; 80: 193–98.

Shaohua Chen and Martin Ravallion. June 2004. "How have the world’s poorest fared since the early 1980s?" World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 3341 Washington: World Bank.

de Onis, Mercedes, Edward A. Frongillo and Monika Blossner. 2000. "Is malnutrition declining? An analysis of changes in levels of child malnutrition since 1980." Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2000, : 1222–1233.

Food and Agriculture Organization, International Fund for Agricultural Development, World Food Program. 2002 "Reducing Poverty and Hunger, the Critical Role of Financing for Food, Agriculture, and Rural Development."

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2006. State of World Food Insecurity 2006

Food and Agriculture Organization. 2010. The state of Food Insecurity in the World 2010

International Food Policy Research Institute. 2010. 2010 Global Hunger Index

Oxford University Press. 1971. Oxford English Dictionary. Definition for malnutrition.

Pelletier DL, Frongillo EA Jr, Schroeder D, Habicht JP. The effects of malnutrition on child mortality in developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1995; 73: 443–48.

Svedberg, Peter. 2000. Poverty and Undernutrition p. 298.

United Nations High Commissioner on Refugees. 2007. Statistical Yearbook 2006 "Main Findings"

UNHCR 2008 Global Report 2008 "The Year in Review" http://www.unhcr.org/4a2d0b1d2.pdf

World Bank. Understanding Poverty website

World Health Organization Comparative Quantification of Health Risks: Childhood and Maternal Undernutition

http://internationalhealthrelief.wordpress.com/2011/04/10/world-hunger/ Most recent estimates show that malnutrition affects 32.5 percent of children in developing countries. More than 70 percent of malnourished children live in Asia, 26 percent in Africa and 4 percent in Latin America and the Caribbean. In developing countries, 1 out of 6 infants are born with low birth weight. This is not only a risk factor for neonatal deaths, but also causes learning disabilities, mental, retardation, poor health, blindness and premature death. Nearly one in three people die prematurely or have disabilities due to poor nutrition and calorie deficiencies. World Agriculture produces 17% more calories per person- this is enough to provide everyone in the world with at least 2,720 kilocalories (kcal) per person per day. One in nearly seven people do not get enough food to be healthy, making hunger and malnutrition the number one risk to health worldwide. Visit FreeRice.com to Make Free Donations
FreeRice.com is a wonderful new site that can help end global hunger. Launched in October 2007, FreeRice.com is reminiscent of TheHungerSite in its ease of use and wonderful ability to impact the world. Like The Hunger Site, it allows you to make free advertiser-supported donations to the World Food Programme. All you have to do is sharpen your vocabulary.

The site asks users to play a multiple-choice word game to generate donations. For each word you get right, FreeRice.com will donate the equivalent of 10 grains of rice. The site shows you a word and then asks you to choose a synonym from a list of four others. The more you get right, the harder it gets.

In its first month, the site has already raised over 1 billion grains of rice for the UN World Food Programme. So surf on over to FreeRice.com, sharpen your vocabulary, and do a world of good for the hungry. The Hunger Site.com and visit every day. With a single click of the mouse, you can provide food for hungry people in the U.S. and around the world.

It’s a simple way to make a big difference. So far, visitors to the site have helped provide more than 300 million cups of food to people around the world – all at no cost to the web visitors who click every day. Donations are paid for by advertisers who purchase small banner ads on the site, and 100% of the advertising fees go to nonprofit organizations working to end hunger. Currently, The Hunger Site’s charitable partners are Mercy Corps and America’s Second Harvest.

Funds are split between these organizations and go to the aid of hungry people in over 74 countries, including those in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Latin America and North America.

So make a difference in the life of a hungry child or adult. Visit TheHungerSite.com and make your free donation. This year nearly 9 million children younger than 5 will die needlessly, more than half from hunger-related causes. . The increase has been due to three factors:
1) neglect of agriculture relevant to very poor people by governments and international agencies;
2) the current worldwide economic crisis, and
3) the significant increase of food prices in the last several years which has been devastating to those with only a few dollars a day to spend. 925 million people is 13.6 percent of the estimated world population of 6.8 billion. Nearly all of the undernourished are in developing countries. Poor nutrition plays a role in at least half of the 10.9 million child deaths each year--five million deaths. The Cost to End World Hunger:
It's less than 1% of national income to international aid there are 153 million underweight children under in just the developing countries
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