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Transcript of Somalia
1969 Mohamed SIAD Barre took over with an authoritarian socialist rule
1991 the collapse of the government caused fighting and turmoil
northern Somalia claimed themselves the Independent Republic of Somalia and pushed for democracy
Peace process was supported by Kenya and the transitional goverment president Abdullanhi YUSUF Ahmed was elected
Sheikh SHARIF Ahmed was elected in 2009
Transitional government keeps mandate until 2011 The People: life expectancy- 49.63 years
major famine, contaminated water, deforestation, soil erosion
literacy (age 15+ that can read or write)- 37.8%
no governmental educational expenditures Current Events Al- Qaeda affiliated Islamist militants, Al Shabaab rebels, control most of the capital, Mogadishu, along with part of southern and central Somalia, in attempts to impose a harsh version of sharia law on the nation. The insurgents are cracking down on any foreign or independent media in hopes to affect the public's access to information. They instill fear in the people of Somalia in order to maintain a sense of control. They are known to apply brutal tactics like stoning people to death, public whipping, amputating limbs, and beheading to uphold the sharia law. Exports: major exporter of uranium, iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, and copper Langauge: Somali language, which is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family
Facility with language is highly valued in Somali society; the capability of a suitor, a warrior, or a political or religious leader is judged in part by his verbal capabilities.
alot of oral history , poetry, and art Culture: arranged marriage common to society
society grouped into clans in a hierarchical order
very traditional dress, men generally wear macawis and women wear guuntinos, long stretch of cloth tied over the shoulder and draped around the waist
Religion: sunni muslims
practicing islam traditions separates Somalia culturally from alot of its neighbors in Africa who follow Christianity Islamist militants banned music from the radio, along with banning bras, musical ringtones, and movies. These are vaguely similar to the rules implemented in Afghanistan in the 1990's under Taliban rule. Health care workers struggle to keep up with increasing casualties. Children under the age of 5 accounted for over 10% of the injuries. There are .11 health workers per every 1,000 people.
Most doctors fled the country as a part of the "brain drain" due to violence Piracy... ...has been a probelm in Somalia since the early 21st century. It threatens trade having captured over $150 million dollars already. India, Russia, and the UN are all implementing efforts to combat the piracy. A lot of the ships are hijacked outside the Gulf of Aden.