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PEO MODEL

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by

Lia Westhafer

on 22 February 2014

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Transcript of PEO MODEL

Theory or Frame of Reference?
THEORY!!!
Function!
A perfect balance of
(person)
(environment)
(occupation)
WHAT?
PEO Model is...
P= Person
E= Environment
O= Occupation
P.E.O. MODEL


Mary Law
Derived from environment- behavioral theories
Who?
Everyone
WHY?
To facilitate occupational therapists' understanding of the dynamic nature of occupational performance
To show the transactional relationship between person, environment, and occupation
presenters:
Lia Westhafer
Tom Geiger

MOCT 609
4. February. 2014.

Paradigm
Lifespan
PEO MODEL
Focus...
Change...

Adjust the activity demands
Reconfigure the environmental contexts.
Application...
creating a baseline by identifying transactional relationships.

Interviews (semi/structured)
Standardized assessment (SAFER tool, COPM)
Environment Preference Questionnaire
Person Environment Fit Scale
Assessment

in

A.C.T.I.O.N.
Dysfunction..:(
Mis.Matched.
Minimum.Fit.
Optimal occupational performance
Transactional relationship among person, environment, and occupation
Very broad
Includes all areas of occupational performance
Person
Hardest to Change
Intervention...
Environmental modifications

Working with community members to establish a social environment

Adapting to any kind of environmental context

Adjusting activity demands of the occupation

Pre and Post testing

Working with all support systems of the individual
Observation Sites...
Can you relate?
What's your personal story/example?
The.Real.Deal...
Research...
&
Evolution!
Very little research detailing the PEO
Circle of Contagiousness...
Research...
Quantity. & Quality.
PEO Model :)
Strengths...
Flexible
Applicable
Easy to explain
Efficient
Facilitates an emphasis on performance
Concerns...
Mary Law...

Outside Perspective
Artifact
What are you
thinking?
Oops... /:;;
Q and A...

or just Q
DISCUSSION. . .
1. Where have you seen the PEO...
in real life, literature, or in the media?
2. What ways could you assess and intervene a group with the the PEO model?
PEO
?
?
3. What clinical settings would the PEO model be most beneficial?
ARE YOU READY?

1.
2.
3.
theoretical jeopardy
version est. 609
EXAM

1. PEO stands for...

2. The PEO model involves *thinking* in the ______ direction.
EXAM

(a). biomedical
(b). conditional
(c). transactional
(d). inclusive
3. What is the end result of using the PEO model?
EXAM

(a). Occupational balance
(b). Occupational fulfillment
(c). Occupational performance
(d). Occupational deprivation
(a). Person, Ecology, Occupation
(b). Person, Environment, Occupation
(c). Person, Exceptional, Outcome
(d). Plain, Extraordinary, Omnipotent
THANK YOU!
People = Complex. (synchronization is difficult)
Continuous and ever-changing process throughout lifespan
Doesn't focus on performance skills of the person.
Still a young theory with little research
Not one specific assessment tool or intervention method
"The model is defined by its attempt to describe what people do in their daily lives, what motivates them, and how their personal characteristics combine with the situations in which occupations are undertaken to influence successful occupational performance."
(Maclean, F. 2012, p.556)
The PEO Model. . .
". . . is a useful tool to examine complex occupational performance issues in hospitals."

". . . offers occupational therapists the opportunity to articulate to all people the scope of their practice and how it influences outcomes."

". . . my not be as in depth of a model to tackle complex conditions such as a stroke."
(Maclean, F. 2012, p.559)
References
Law, M., & Others, A. (1996). The person-environment-occupation model: A transactive approach to occupational performance. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63(1), 9-23.

Maclean, F., Carin-Levy, G., Hunter, H., Malcolmson, L., & Locke, E. (2012). The usefulness of the person-environment- occupation model in an acute physical health care setting. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 75(12), 555-562. doi:10.4276/030802212X13548955545530

McMaster University. (2008). Law, Mary. Retrieved February 1, 2014, from http://www.srs-mcmaster.ca/FacultyStaffnbsp/Faculty/LawMary/tabid/649/Default.aspx

Possibilities of evaluation of the needs of a client in occupational performance. (2011). Gymnasium: Journal of Physical Education & Sports, 12(1), 55-59.

Stewart, D., Letts, L., Law, M., Cooper, B. A., Strong, S., & Rigby, P. J. (2002). The person-environment-occupation model. Theories Derived from Occupational Behavior Perspectives, 227-233.
Let's Learn how YOU can create a PEO optimal performance art project :)
Musical PEO
Developed the PEO Model, 1996, with a group of five other occupational therapists at McMaster University
The group of OT's reviewed the literature in multiple fields of study and applied relevant themes to current occupational therapy practice
Professor at the School of Rehabilitation Science at McMaster University, Ontario, Canada
Lead author of the Canadian Occupational Performance Model
Currently researches interventions and outcomes of children with disabilities and the effects of environmental factors
IL's & Music
UMBRELLA


ECOLOGICAL
PEO. PEOP. EHP.
Person
- abilities, experiences
Environment
- cultural, socioeconomic, institutional, physical, and social domains
Occupation
- meaningful and purposeful activities
Looks at. . .
Client factors of the person
Contexts of the environment
Activity demands of the occupation
Assumptions
Persons have an innate drive to explore their environment and demonstrate mastery within it.
Competence is reached when a person is able to perform skills that meet his/her own personal needs.
Person is able to use resources (personal, social, material)
Persons gain self fulfillment and identity from meaningful participationin occupations
Adaptation is achieved by confronting challenges of everyday living and by using resources to master demands.
Base...
Circle of Contagiousness
GLOBAL
USA
Great Britain
Germany
Australia
Xavier
CANADA
Full transcript