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Claire Wu

on 10 April 2013

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photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli The Third Little Pigs Brick Houses of 2100 Rise of Sea Level Challenge Spread of Diseases Challenge Increased Frequency and Severity of Storms Challenge Building Design Case Studies ITE College West Regional Campus, Singapore futuristic 2100 measures combating changes caused by climate change Global Warming rise in the average temperature of the Earth's atmosphere... ... and its projected continuation Increased amount of greenhouse gases Climate Change energy efficient do not compromise needs, comfort and work efficiency Rising Air Temperatures Rise of Sea Level Spread of Diseases Increase in Frequency and severity of storms Rising Air Temperatures Increase in global average air temperature eco-friendly building Human activities led to an increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere Greenhouse gases trap heat and raise temperature Global air temperatures has risen 0.8°C Estimated to increase between 2°C to 4.5°C by 2100 Effects Challenge increased ice melting affecting precipitation affecting biodiversity Melting polar ice caps Antartica ice shelf Warmer ocean temperature Effects Flooding of coastal cities Damage of coastal wetlands Salinity Beach erosion Pollution Increase of infection rate of mosquito-borne diseases Rising air temperatures Mosquito-friendly habitat Increase contact rate Expand range of carriers of diseases Rising Sea Levels Impacts of increased frequency of disasters Wide Spread of Diseases Impacts Loss of lives Population of pests increase rapidly Epidemics Bladderworts Increase in Frequency and Severity of Storms Increase in atmospheric and oceanic temperatures Increase in rate of evaporation Amphibious houses (floating houses), Thailand Favorable conditions for thunderstorms Hadley Circulation Substantial changes in amount of rain in tropical regions Impacts High winds and waves Damage of shorelines and shallow marine life communities Council House 2, Melbourne Temporary flooding, erosion, decrease in salinity, runoff of nutrients Infrastructure Loss of lives / injuries Catnip Mosquito-eating Plants Stepped Rooftop Abundant rainfall may take quite some time to evaporate --> leaves puddles of stagnant water
Increase surface runoff
Plants help to absorb some rainwater Common Area, Swimming Pool and other Facilities, Shopping Mall Mixed land use
Important due to land constraints in Singapore Ultra-strong Metal Poles Made of non-rust material to prevent corrosion
Distances body of building from ground
Prevents flooding in homes
Important as Singapore vulnerable to sea level rise Balconies and Windows in Residential Homes Better natural ventilation --> cools temperatures
Lowers cooling costs as temperatures increase between 2.7-4.4˚C Balconies divert wind into building Windows increase permeability of building Mosquito-eating Plants Warmer temperatures and wetter conditions create mosquito-friendly environments --> increase in spread of diseases
Plants repel or digest mosquitoes Using Plants Provides shade
Cool surroundings during evapo-transpiration
Reduce heat radiation from reaching building
Cools temperatures as much as 5˚C Wind Turbines Electricity generated --> allows building to be self sufficient in energy
Venturi effect Channelled Rain Rainwater collected from rooftop, channelled into each household
Makes use of regular rainfalls in Singapore Conclusion Global warming is an important issue, which has long lasting impacts on the world's climate and environment. We should prepare for it. Limitations Maintenance of poles against erosion
Unpredictable weather for wind energy
Spread of diseases may not be eradicated
Difficulty of connecting water and electricity pipes with building near or above sea THANK for your kind attention! c: Extensions Public Response to such green houses
Green household interior design YOU
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