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Ariel Bittelman

on 9 June 2015

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Transcript of Addiction

Drugs (Methanphetamine,Cocaine, Heroin, etc)
Video Games
The Internet

HomeHome - Enviornment
Emotional dependence on addictive substance

Physical need for more of addictive substances
By Emily Crumley, Christine Crumley, Rachel Brown, Ariel Bittelman, and Cate Smith

What Comes to mind when you hear the word:
According to dictionary.com, the definition of addiction is

"the state of being
to a habit or practice or to something that is
psychologically or physically
habit-forming, as narcotics, to such an extent that its cessation
causes severe trauma."
What makes a person more likely to develop an addiction to something?
The 2 stages of addiction:
repeated activity
(A psychological addiction leads to a physiological addiction unless treated early)
strong need
Symptoms of addiciton include...
isolation and secrecy
take risks
having full stashes
excessive consumption
social sacrifices
unable to quit
Nordqvist, Christian. "What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction?" Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, Mar. 2009. Web. 05 June 2015.
People who would be likely to get addicted to something are constantly dependent on something/someone else
People with addictive personality traits may have genetic abnormalities that might lead them into a path towards addiction
Lack in social inhibition
Inability to recieve adequate pleasure in life
High Stress
Low Self Esteem
Attention Seeking Behavior

Famous Addicts
cocaine and alcohol
marijuana and
crack cocaine
Activity: Testing Addictive Personalities
xanax and marijuana
Amelia is a twenty year old woman living in Miami, Florida. For much of Amelia's life, she has struggled financially. Amelia grew up poor, and had to work extremely hard to get into a good college. Amelia is quiet, and intelligent. Amelia now has a steady job, working as a lawyer. She was able to leave her old home and move to a nicer house in a more stable neighborhood. Amelia occasionally drinks and goes out with her friends.
Jillian is a 15 year old tenth grader. Her friends constantly drink and do drugs when they are bored and go out. Jillian has been busy with school lately, so she hasn't been joining them. She plays strict field hockey and drinking is highly looked down upon. She plans on going to the party this weekend with her friends. Her friends tell her that they will be drinking and she should try it. She decides to try it because it will be her first time.
Barry is a 23 year old man. Barry works at a restaraunt part time. He does not have alot of money, but whenever he gets a paycheck or loan, he goes right to the bar or to the casino. His friend Don was worried about Barry after Barry knocked on his door at 1 am, asking to borrow $800. Barry is close to getting evicted from his apartment.
Bella is 27 years old and lives in New Orleans, Louisiana. She works every week at a restaurant and earns good pay. She plans on going back to school to get a degree in teaching. One night Bella tripped while bringing an order to a family and hit her head on the table. She had a minor head injury and a small concussion. The doctor said to take prescribed pain killers every 6 hours. She takes it every 6 hours for a month and can finally get back to her job.
Cognitive behavioral therapy: Patients identify and avoid destructive behaviors to prevent relapse
Multidimensional family therapy: Aimed at younger addicts to solve problems within the family
Motivational incentives: Therapists encourage safe choices using positive reinforcements
Residential treatment: Patients stay in therapeutic communities to bring them back to a drug-free lifestyle EX: 12 step plans
Dr. Jan "Addictive Personality." Teen Health and Wellness. Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2015. Web. 5 Jun. 2015 <http://www.teenhealthandwellness.com/article/33/addictive-
"DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction." DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 June 2015.
Nelson, Bryce. "THE ADDICTIVE PERSONALITY: COMMON TRAITS ARE FOUND." The New York Times. The New York Times, 17 Jan. 1983. Web. 05 June 2015. <http://www.nytimes.com/1983/01/18/science/the-addictive-personality-common-traits-are-found.html>.
None. "30 Famous Actors and Actresses Who Have Battled Drug Addiction and Alcoholism." 30 Famous Actors and Actresses Who Have Battled Drug Addiction and Alcoholism. Drug Abuse, n.d. Web. 05 June 2015.

How does addiction affect the brain
The Limbic system is different in an addict's brain than in a non-addict's brain

"What Part of the Brain Is Altered By Addiction?" Addict Science What Part of the Brain Is Altered By Addiction Comments. N.p., 11 Nov. 2011. Web. 05 June 2015.
"DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction." DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction. Web. 04 June 2015. <http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/treatment-approaches-drug-addiction>.
The Limbic system, also known as the "Reward System", is the part of the brain responsible for the feeling of pleasure and emotion
The physical apperance of the Limbic system in addicts depends on the the type of drug that has been used
What kinds of things make people more likely to develop an addiction to something than an average person?
Carla is a 42 year old saleswoman. She always finds an excuse to drink, whether it is because she sold something or she didn't. In the morning she often is hungover and drinks more to try to solve it. Her customers often say that she looks or smells drunk and it's causing them to take their business elsewhere. Even though she is struggling in work, when her family asked her about it, she denied everything. She hasn't talked to them since.
Philip is a nurse in New Jersey. He works at a the cancer unit at the local hospital. Philip is a very emotional person and is very saddened when he hears about deaths around the hospital. Philip works for many hours a day and sometimes at nights. He has a casual girlfriend who he doesn't see that often. Philip administers medication for patients, and sometimes he wonders what it would be like if he tried the medication. He knows if he were to take some, no one would find out. Does Philip have an addictive personality?
How Long does it take to get addicted to something?
a. A person can get addicted to something the very first time they try it!

It all depends on their body's response to it, and everyone is different.
How does addiction work?
Addictive substances or behaviors flood the limbic system in the brain's reward pathway with large amounts of dopamine, a neurotransmitter that causes pleasure.
Addicts will then crave this unnatural "euphoric" feeling, that will only last a short time.

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