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Viking inventions

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jose miller

on 21 August 2014

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Transcript of Viking inventions

Viking inventions
Types of combs
• In Scandinavia, combs were a very normal thing they were also very valuable and they were not thrown out when broken they were repaired and they were even put in graves when the owner died normally found next to the bodies in a leather purse or a small bag. There were three types of combs one obviously for hair, one for fleas, and one just for decoration.
• Combs were also a religious symbol for cleaning
Making a comb
• Making a comb was a very skilful thing to be able to do.
Making a comb started with cutting the antlers off of the animal of which you killed and then saw the antler into different parts because different sections of the antler were used for different part. The longer section of the antler was used for the connecting plates, the shorter parts were used for the tooth plates. Combs were made of elk, red deer, reindeer or even cattle antlers/horns

Types of materials
• The antler of choice was defiantly the elk it dominated the other types of antler you could use. Red deer was probably imported from Germany as a whole antler. Another source of you could use was the middle foot bone from cattle. later in the Viking era a new comb was invented the double sided comb with different tooth sizes on both sides you could make this with either one piece
Magnetic compass
• First to start talking about the magnetic compass we have to talk about the magnet itself there was a lot of this substance called magnetite around were the Vikings lived (Scandinavia) so they decided to make a use for it and turn it into a compass. They used this device heaps on their travel over the seas to either colonize or to fight in a war. They kept the magnetic compass a secret from other countries being able to invade at will until the Chinese started trading a different type of compass to the Italians then the rest of Europe new about them.
• Most boats now days big or small have some sort of magnetic compass in them so there is some proof of how successful Vikings were.
• The mineral magnetite is an iron oxide that is easily magnetized when it forms.
• Magnetite is also known as Lodestone.

Viking comb
• In Scandinavia, combs were a very normal thing to own they were also very valuable and they were not thrown out when broken they were repaired and they were even put in graves when the owner died normally found next to the bodies in a leather purse or a small bag. There were three types of combs one obviously for hair, one for fleas, and one just for decoration.
• Combs were also a religious symbol for cleaning
• The compass was found because there is an incredible about of magnetite in Scandinavia so when the compass was made it was a major break through this was called the lodestone a naturally magnetic ore the lodestone was used by putting a iron needle the needle was scraped against the lodestone in the one direction to magnetize and then put in a piece of straw to float in a bowl of water the straw would show where north and south were.
There was also another navigational tool called the sol-skuggjafjol or sun shadow board this was a semi circle of wood which was attached to a handle so that the flat edge was the closest to the handle and the curved edge was on the other side. Along the curved edge there was a bunch of lines which acted like a sun dial which was used as a kind of way to navigate a technique called comparative latitude. This means the device was used to measure the bottom of the suns disc to the horizon at noon each day.
The sun shadow board
The Viking long ship was arguably one of the greatest technical and artistic achievements in the dark ages. These ships were strong enough to cross seas and being able to go through shallow waters without getting stuck. These boats were made to be fast and swift and to strike fear into the enemy’s heart so they put a dragons head at the end of their boats to scare the enemy. The Viking era would have been a very different tale without these ships.
The long ship
Ships were used for different things to explore ,to trade and to raid. The war ship was different to the normal ship it was much thinner and it had at least sixteen rowers on each side and also had a sail for help. the war ship was less spacious then the other boats .being built for speed and maneuverability the ship had no room for a below deck so they had the whole ship open. These ships were used for raids
The long ship
Long ships will appear everywhere on Viking aged things they are seen on jewellery, coins and grave stones. the other ship is called a knorr it is a little bit enclosed unlike the warship and is powered by sail instead of rowing power .this ship was mainly used for trades and to carry cargo.
The long ship

The oar holes in the side of the war ship was a very smart invention they put a small slot in the round hole so that they could put the oars through instead of having the risk of dropping them in the water by doing it the other way around. The holes also had a cool little attachment to them witch was a little cap would flip over the hole when it wasn’t in use so that water didn’t go into the boat.
The long ship
Normally when someone thinks about viking there head goes straight to the big helmets with horns or wings on them even though there is no evidence of this and helmets were very rarly warn anyway normally a war hero was just a normal farmer an didn’t have the money to buy a helmet but they did wear leather caps which possible had metal to enforce them.
Viking helmet
When it came to boats or sailing Vikings loved it there would have been a very different history if they did not invent them. In fact there would have been no Viking age. The boats were long sturdy and had a big dragons head at the front to scare the enemy. The long ships the Vikings made was built for speed to chase any ship down.
The long ship
Swords were not the most common weapon because they were worth so much money but they were definitely the most precious and valuable. Most of the time if you had a sword you had a wealthy family or it was a gift from a king for being a good follower. The first swords the Vikings made were one sided but that later changed to a double bladed sword not long after.
The Sword
The Viking shields were a large round piece of wood about 90 to 80cm wide with metal reinforcements the shield had a single handle on the back instead of a strap for your arm and a big metal sphere in the middle. This was quite handy making it easier for different combinations for fighting and having a strong sturdy shield. The edge of the sword was usually strapped with leather to keep the shield together.
The shield
The long ship
The shadow board
The compass
The sword,shield, helmet
Viking comb
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