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The difference between concept and theory and why must theory be considered in the research of International Relations
Transcript of The difference between concept and theory and why must theory be considered in the research of International Relations
theory+concept provide a conceptual framework which enable us to analyst International relations.
Differences A formal set of ideas that is intended to explain why something happens/exists. An abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances Derived from a technical term in philosophy from Ancient Greek, theoria , meant "a looking at, viewing, beholding" History It has been use in English since the late 16th century, especially during the age of enlightenment The usage of theory Theories are analytical tools for Understanding Explaining Making Predictions Generally, academics point to a theory as being made up of four components,
(1) definitions of terms or variables;
(2) a domain where the theory applies;
(3) a set of relationships of variables; and
(4) specific predictions (factual claims)
(Hunt, 1991; Bunge, 1967; Reynolds, 1971). Example of theories Scientific theory Philosophical theory Political theory Sociological theory John Stuart Mill argued that general conceptions are formed through abstraction. A general conception is the common element among the many images of members of a class. History Concept derived from the Latin word ' conceptum ' which means something conceived 1550A.D-60A.D The usage of concept and when do we use concepts? Generally we use concepts in our daily life to define something/situation Mathematical concepts Theory Concept A set of ideas that explains a phenomena with significant evidence behind it. Example of Theories in IR The main idea of the subject The 'branch' idea of the subject, consider as sub-theories A more detail/specific of idea that explain a specific phenomena/issue Realism Liberalism Marxism Feminism Why does theory be considered in the research? 1. As a fundamental to generate hypotheses
2. As a framework for analysis
3. To enable us to narrow our focus to a topic Conclusion It is hard to define IR in a single theory as:
each theory act as a to see the world.
So in order to get the most accurate data to produce an efficient research, we have to choose the theory that consider the most suitable to our topic on research. The ry C ncept Economic concepts Example of concepts in IR Collective Security Balance of Power Anarchy Diplomacy