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Religions of the East

A brief look at the major philosophies and religions of Eastern Asia
by

Joe Nowinski

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Religions of the East

Religions of the East Buddhism Hinduism Taoism Shintoism Tao Te Ching- Loazi
Chapter 1

The Tao that can be spoken is not the eternal Tao
The name that can be named is not the eternal name
The nameless is the origin of Heaven and Earth
The named is the mother of myriad things
Thus, constantly without desire, one observes its essence
Constantly with desire, one observes its manifestations
These two emerge together but differ in name
The unity is said to be the mystery
Mystery of mysteries, the door to all wonders


Chapter 2

When the world knows beauty as beauty, ugliness arises
When it knows good as good, evil arises
Thus being and non-being produce each other
Difficult and easy bring about each other
Long and short reveal each other
High and low support each other
Music and voice harmonize each other
Front and back follow each other
Therefore the sages:
Manage the work of detached actions
Conduct the teaching of no words
They work with myriad things but do not control
They create but do not possess
They act but do not presume
They succeed but do not dwell on success
It is because they do not dwell on success
That it never goes away
-http://taoism.net/ttc/complete.htm Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, was born into a royal family in present-day Nepal over 2000 years ago. (490-410 BCE)
The religion gained popularity in India between the 5th and 3rd centuries BCE. Councils decide on the core teachings early.
Many converts in India until the 9th century A.D.
Currently 376 Million people are Buddhists
The two main Buddhist sects are Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism, but there are many more The Bhavachakra, the Wheel of Life is a mandala - a complex picture representing the Buddhist view of the universe. To Buddhists, existence is a cycle of life, death, rebirth and suffering that they seek to escape altogether.The Wheel is divided into five or six realms, into which a soul can be reborn. Buddhist beliefs focus on the Four Noble Truths The Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso Jainism Sikhism Unlike most other religions, Hinduism has no single founder, no single scripture, and no commonly agreed set of teachings.
Most Hindus believe in a Supreme God, whose qualities and forms are represented by the multitude of deities which emanate from him.
Hindus believe that existence is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, governed by Karma.
Believe in reincarnation. This is when the soul passes through a cycle of successive lives dependent on how the previous life was lived.
Main religious text is the Veda. Means "knowledge" in Sanskrit Vishnu
The Preserver Shiva
The Destroyer Lakshmi
Wealth giver & Purifier Brahma
The Creator MAJOR DEITIES There are many more! Dharma - Duty Guru - Teacher or Master Sikhism is a monotheistic religion
Stresses the importance of doing good actions rather than merely carrying out rituals
Sikhs believe that the way to lead a good life is to: •keep God in heart and mind at all times
Started in the 16th century by Hindu Guru Nanak Tenets
live honestly and work hard
treat everyone equally
be generous to the less fortunate
serve others God

•There is only one God
God is without form, or gender
Everyone has direct access to God
Everyone is equal before God
A good life is lived as part of a community, by living honestly and caring for others
Empty religious rituals and superstitions have no value A Gurdwara, or Sikh Temple http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/hinduism/index.shtml http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/buddhism/index.shtml 1.The truth of suffering (Dukkha)

2.The truth of the origin of suffering (Samudāya)

3.The truth of the cessation of suffering (Nirodha)

4.The truth of the path to the cessation of suffering (Magga) Christians 33.32% (of which Roman Catholics 16.99%, Protestants 5.78%, Orthodox 3.53%, Anglicans 1.25%), Muslims 21.01%, Hindus 13.26%, Buddhists 5.84%, Sikhs 0.35%, Jews 0.23%, Baha'is 0.12%, other religions 11.78%, non-religious 11.77%, and atheists 2.32% (CIA, 2007). http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/sikhism/ http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/jainism/ •Jains believe that animals and plants, as well as human beings, contain living souls. Each of these souls is considered of equal value and should be treated with respect and compassion.
•The supreme principle of Jain living is non violence
Don't believe in an actual deity, but do have a sense of the divine
Main religious Text known as the Agamas. The Three Jewels Right faith - Samyak darshana

Seeing (hearing, feeling, etc.) things properly, and avoiding preconceptions and superstitions that get in the way of seeing clearly. Right knowledge - Samyak jnana

This means having an accurate and sufficient knowledge of the real universe and having that knowledge with the right mental attitude. Right conduct - Samyak charitra

This means living your life according to Jain ethical rules, to avoid doing harm to living things and freeing yourself from attachment and other impure attitudes and thoughts. http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/taoism/ Taoism originated in China 2000 years ago
It is a religion of unity and opposites; Yin and Yang. •Taoism promotes:
Achieving harmony or union with nature
The pursuit of spiritual immortality
Being 'virtuous' (but not ostentatiously so)
Self-development Loazi Yin & Yang http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/shinto/ Shinto sees human beings as basically good and has no concept of original sin, or of humanity as 'fallen'.
Everything, including the spiritual, is experienced as part of this world.
Shinto teaches important ethical principles but has no commandments.
Shinto has no founder,no canonical scriptures,and no God.
Focuses on the respect of "Kami" or spirits. Rituals are for warding bad Kami and purifying of Kami.
Shinto is a religious structure that is specifically Japanese
Many Japanese follow Buddhist and Shinto principles Shinto Shrine Shinto Priests Shinto ritual The Baby Dalai Lama Shiva- The Destroyer!!!!
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