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Gulliver's Travels Plot Map

English Project
by

Marshall Austin

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of Gulliver's Travels Plot Map

Gulliver's Travels Plot Map
By Marshall Austin
Part I - A Voyage to Lilliput
1. Gulliver and his ship slam into surfacing reef and must abandon after it capsizes. Gulliver finds his way to a shore where, being exhausted, he falls asleep. He awakes fastened to the ground in a land known as Lilliput inhabited by tiny people no taller than 6 inches.
Rising Action
Part I - A Voyage to Lilliput
2. Gulliver is taken to their Emperor and is accommodated with hospitality. He learns their language as well as their society discovering they happen to be full of self regard. Gulliver offers his help in their troubles such as clearing heavy objects and winning a war with their neighbors, the Blefuscudians. He successfully demilitarizes them and asserts Lilliputian dominance.
Rising Action
Rising Action
Part II - A Voyage to Brobdingnag
4. A violent storm hits Gulliver's ship forcing him to take a longboat to a nearby shore and fetch water. His ship leaves without him and he finds himself seized by a massive native and carried to a farmers house. Gulliver is introduced to this new culture of mighty giants along with several accidents due to their difference in size.
Rising Action
The story starts right out of the gate on May 4th, 1699 in London, England with a short preamble of Lemuel Gulliver briefly outlining his life and past experiences. Gulliver explains what lead him to partaking on the marvelous voyages that lands him in faraway lands inhabited by fascinating creatures.
Exposition
The moment the plot encounters the part where the ship capsizes on Gulliver's first voyage, the reader finally is hooked in. We find conflict throughout the entire story however our main conflict lies inside the mind of Gulliver where he tries to understand the various societies he comes across and satirize the English society and culture he was born into. As readers, we also find ourselves thinking about the same things as we learn more about the societies Gulliver meets.
Narrative Hook
Part I - A Voyage to Lilliput
3. Gulliver upsets the Emperor by not meet his expectations and sentences him to be blinded. He manages to escape to Blefuscu seeking refuge but cannot stay and must leave to prevent further conflict with Lilliput. Gulliver finds a beached raft built to fit a human. He uses it to leave Blefuscu and sail out back to England leaving this land behind.
Part II - A Voyage to Brobdingnag
5. Gulliver meet's the farmer's daughter who becomes his caretaker. He is taken to a martket-town and later to a metropolis making plenty of stops along the way. The farming family uses him for shows by displaying him out to the public who find him fascinating and pay money to see him. Due to the extensive shows, Gulliver becomes sick and is out for a number weeks.
Rising Action
Part II - A Voyage to Brobdingnag
6. Gulliver is sold to the King and Queen and discusses politics and reasoning with their scholars as well as showing off some of his skills and learning others. The King and Queen make a progress to the frontiers. Gulliver goes with them along with his caretaker. An eagle picks up the box he's living out of and drops him in the ocean. He is picked up by passing sailors and returns to England.
Rising Action
Part III - A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, & Japan
7. Gulliver sails out once again and meets trouble when his ship is attacked by pirates. He finds his way to numerous countries each having their distinct qualities. Gulliver tours through floating islands, academies, and palaces learning of the absurdities of these cultures. He converses with many officials of these countries from monarchs to governers to scholars and only becomes wiser as his voyage goes on.
Rising Action
Part III - A Voyage to Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, & Japan
8. Gulliver makes his way through the numerous countries without trouble and welcomed by warm hospitality. Venturing into the floating island of Laputa he ends his tour in Luggnagg. He is sent for to court to discuss matters with the king. Gulliver ends up leaving Luggnagg, and sailing to Japan. From there he returns in a Dutch ship to Amsterdam, and from Amsterdam back home to England.
Rising Action
Part III - A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms
9. Gulliver sets out as captain of a ship. His men mutinize against him, confine him a long time to his cabin, and set him on shore in an unknown land. He travels up into the country and meets the Yahoos, a strange sort of animal, described as savage humans. Gulliver meets two Houyhnhnms described as horses who can speak and reason.
Rising Action
Part III - A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms
10. The Houyhnhnms, like the other habitants of the lands Gulliver's visited, welcome him. He learns of their language and their superior culture. He converses over politics and logic with them. Gulliver becomes obsessed with these creatures but being too much like the Yahoos, is forced to leave the country. He builds a canoe and is picked up by a Portugese ship and taken home.
Rising Action
Rising Action
Gulliver rejects human society in the fourth voyage, specifically when he shuns the generous Don Pedro as a vulgar Yahoo. Dismissing the fact that he was saved from wild natives from New Holland after being shot with an arrow. Gulliver begins to reject all of human society after his stay in the Country of the Houyhnhnms.
Climax
Gulliver’s unhappy return to England accentuates his alienation and compels him to buy horses, which remind him of Houyhnhnms, to keep him company. Gulliver makes every attempt to avoid his family and friends. Gulliver notes of his following publishing of his journeys. He takes his last leave of the reader, proposes his manner of living for the future, gives good advice, and concludes.
Falling Action
Lemuel Gulliver - The narrator and protagonist of the story. Very intelligent and well educated as well as being very adventurous. Never makes fun of the complete absurdities he comes across and doesn't satirize his English culture with the societies he comes into contact with. Gulliver is the heart and soul of this story.
Lilliputians and Blefuscudians - Two races of miniature people whom Gulliver meets on his first voyage. Prone to conspiracies and jealousies, who treat Gulliver with hospitality but take advantage.
Brobdingnagians - Giants whom Gulliver meets on his second voyage. Reasonable and kind who live about with justice.
Houyhnhnms - Rational horses who maintain a simple, peaceful society governed by reason and truthfulness. They cannot lie.
Characters
There are numerous themes in the novel such as might versus right, the individual versus society, and the limits of human understanding.
All happen to be equally important. The question is posed whether physical power or moral righteousness should be the governing factor in social life. Gulliver experiences the physical side of this in Lilliput
and in Brobdingnag as well the moral side with the Laputans and the Houyhnhnms. The plot highlights the second theme, focusing on an individual’s repeated failures to integrate into societies to which he does not belong, towards the end where Gulliver alienates himself from English society after being with the Houyhnhnms. Lastly, the idea that humans are not meant to know everything and that all understanding has a natural limit is prominent everywhere in this novel.

Theme
"My Reconcilement to the Yahoo-kind in general might not be so difficult, if they would be content with those Vices and Follies only which Nature hath entitled them to. I am not in the least provoked at the Sight of a Lawyer, a Pick-pocket, a Colonel. . . . This is all according to the due Course of Things: But, when I behold a Lump of Deformity, and Diseases both in Body and Mind, smitten with Pride, it immediately breaks all the Measures of my Patience; neither shall I ever be able to comprehend how such an Animal and such a Vice could tally together." - Lemuel Gulliver (Part IV, Chapter XII)
Gulliver makes this claim referring to his difficulties in readjusting to his English culture after completely experiencing a far more superior one with the Houyhnhnms. He explains how he associates human culture with the Yahoos, an inferior race of savages he met back in the Country of the Houyhnhnms. His difficulty in including himself among humans symbolizes the identity crisis he undergoes and the wrongful alienation he commits, even if he is unaware of it. The one thing Gulliver is guilty of doing is not seeing the flaws in himself or admitting to them. If not associating his being to a Houyhnhnm but as a human, he may find it a bit easier in readjusting to a human society and finding the numerous advantages of one and in the very end, living a happy life.
Dialectical Response
Full transcript