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Native American, Part 1

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by

Felicia Youngblood

on 11 September 2016

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Transcript of Native American, Part 1

Native American Music: Traditions and Transformations
Shake Ya Tailfeather
Nelly feat. P. Diddy & Murphy Lee
War Chant
FSU
On the Road Again
Prevailing Migration Theories
Alternative Migration Theories
Meadowcroft Rock Shelter, PA
France and Spain --> Cactus Hill, VA
DNA Mutation - South Pacific Migration
Siberia --> Beringia Land Bridge
Challenges to Studying Pre-Conquest Native American Music
1. Oral Tradition
2. No Music Theory
3. Mostly Vocal
4. Population and Culture Decimation
5. Obfuscation
6. Altered Perceptions
Early Native American Music Commonalities
Functionality
Spirituality
Vocality
Correlation with Text and Dance
Common Structural Characteristics
Rhythm:
Additive; Steady, uniform beat; Repetition
Melody:
Small range; Descending;
Vocables
; Conjunct
Pitch:
Closer together than Western scale system
Texture:
Variable; Direct or
Call & Response
Form:
Corresponded to text and dance
Instrumentation:
Voice; Embellishments; Pulsations; Imitation of animals; Percussion - accompaniment; Flute; Bow
Diversity
1,000-2,000 Tribal Nations
60 Language Families
Religion
Social Structure
Arts Tradition
History
Reference by Tribal Ancestry
Culture Areas
Diversity of Music in Each Culture Area
European Invasion
Authenticity
Ownership
Preservation
Get Lit
Call & Response
Solo part alternates with a group
Vocables
Notes song on neutral syllabus (hey, ya, na, etc.)
Yeibichai Song
Genre:
Instrumentation:
Texture:
Rhythm:
Text:
Navajo Night Way healing ceremony --> Religious dance (calls to the ancestors)
Male voices, gourd rattles
Monophonic
- one melodic line
Steady, repeating pulse
Vocables; call of the yei (hi ye, hi ye, ho-ho ho ho)
Full transcript