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Trait Leadership Theory

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James Fisher

on 1 October 2012

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Transcript of Trait Leadership Theory

Trait Theory James K. Fisher A Great Leader? Strengths and Critics Researchers Ralph Stogdill Mann (1959) Kirkpatrick and Locke (1991) Limitations No definitive list

Most important traits are subjective Appealing

Century of research Limitations Traits of
Great Men Which traits? Innate or Learned? Application King College A Leader Great? world-famous-people.blogspot.com bornsmart.com.au Situational?? scholarixsolution.com 1948 & 1974 "No consistent set of traits differentiated leaders
from nonleaders across a variety of situations." 1904-1947 124 Traits: Individuals in leadership differ from group members in eight traits: Intelligence
Alertness
Insight
Responsibility
Initiative
Persistence
Self-confidence
Sociability "Both personality and situational factors are determinants of leadership." 1948-1970 163 Traits 10 traits associated with leadership: 1. Drive for responsibility and task completion
2. Vigor and persistence in pursuit of goals
3. Risk taking and originality in problem solving
4. Drive to exercise initiative in social situations
5. Self-confidence and sense of personal identity
6. Willingness to accept consequences of decisions
7. Readiness to absorb interpersonal stress
8. Willingness to tolerate frustration
9. Ability to influence other people's behavior
10. Capacity to structure social interaction systems Personality traits distinguish leaders from non-leaders. Eight Areas: INTELLIGENCE
MASCULINITY
ADJUSTMENT
DOMINANCE
EXTROVERSION
CONSERVATISM "It is unequivocally clear that leaders are not like other people." Six Traits: DRIVE
MOTIVATION
INTEGRITY
CONFIDENCE
COGNITIVE ABLITY
TASK KNOWLEDGE Focuses on the leader

Does not consider situation or follower Strengths Strengths Personal benchmark Useable Personality and Leadership Assessments

Provides Direction

Self Aware Summary Traits of Leaders?
Research - Stogdill, Mann, Kirkpatirck
Limitations
Strengths
Application INTELLIGENCE
SELF-CONFIDENCE
DETERMINATION
INTEGRITY
SOCIABILITY Northhouse (2010) References Northouse, P. G. (2009). Leadership: Theory and
practice (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Roussel, L. & Swansburg, R.C. (2009). Management and leadership for nurse administrators (5th ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers. Yoder-Wise, P. & Kowalski, K. (2006). Beyond
leading and managing: Nursing administration for the future. St. Louis, MO: Elsevier. Different Traits, Different Strengths. (2009). H&HN:
Hospitals & Health Networks, 83(1), 29. Zuber, J. (2007). The nature of leadership. AORN
Journal, 86S135-6. Cavell, D. P. (2007). leadership or followership: one or
both?. Hfm (Healthcare Financial Management), 61(11), 142-144. Northouse (2009) Northouse (2009) Northouse (2009)
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