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World Religions

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Christopher Eikenbary

on 1 December 2016

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Transcript of World Religions

Religions
Hinduism
Hinduism has no single founder.
Polytheistic
One of the oldest (if not “the” oldest) religion still practiced.
Sacred Texts include: the Vedas and the Upanishads
Beginning of Hinduism
Hindus believe in achieving “moksha”.
It is believed that most people can not achieve “moksha” in one life time.
This is why Hindus believe in the idea of “reincarnation”.
Reincarnation is determined by one’s Karma.
To ensure a “good” Karma a Hindu must follow their “dharma” or their moral duties.
Hindus’ goal in life
Brahma, The Creator
Vishnu, The Preserver
Shiva, the Destroyer
Buddhism
Born in 566 b.c. in a high caste family
Wandered for years searching for answers to life.
Siddhartha Gautama: the Enlightened One
One day Gautama sat under a tree for 48 days and meditated.
After this time he discovered the reason for suffering and sorrow.
It was at this point he became Buddha.
Buddha means “Enlightened One”
Enlightenment
After Buddha died, his followers collected his writings called the “Tripitaka” or “Three Baskets of Wisdom”.
Buddhism eventually spread to China and declined in India as Hinduism took over.
Some Buddhist centers would survive in India until the invading Muslim armies took over in the late 1100s.
Spread of Buddhism
Religions in China
Filial Piety
The belief that one should always follow ones elders/authority.
Judaism
Oldest known monotheistic religion
Founded by Abraham
Prophet Moses: Ten Commandments
Sacred Texts: Torah (Old Testament)
One God who is the creator of all things
In Mesopotamia (fertile crescent)
Ten Commandments
I am the Lord your God
You must have no other god besides me
Do not make wrong use of the name of the Lord your God
Keep the Sabbath day holy
Honor your father and mother
Do not commit murder
Do not commit adultery
Do not steal
Do not give false witness
Do not covet your neighbor's house
Christianity
Jesus of Nazareth
The messiah
The Christ
Crucified and put to death
Rose from the dead
Core Beliefs
Monotheistic
Jesus is the Son of God
The Holy Trinity
The Bible
Old Testament
New Testament
God the Father
Jesus
the
Son
The Holy Spirit
All One
Islam
Muhammad was born in Mecca
Worked as a shepherd
At 40 years old the Angel Gabriel appeared to him
Followers of Islam are called Muslims
The Primary Teachings of Islam
Monotheistic
The Quran
The Five Pillars of Islam
Islam is connected to Abraham
Sharia Law
The Quran
The Final word of God
Muslims believe the Torah and Bible are also the word of God, but not complete
People of the Book
Sikhism
Founder: Guru Nanak
Monotheistic
Influenced by Islam and Hinduism
Lead a life of self improvement
Sikh Beliefs
Wear Sikh undergarment for modesty
Wear a turban to keep hair clean
Hair uncut to honor the creator
Do not harm the body with tobacco or intoxicants
No sacrificial meat
Five Daily prayers
Treat everyone equally
Wear a small sword symbolic of defending the religious rights of all faiths
Animism
believes in the supernatural power that comes from
plants
animals
inanimate objects
no single founder
crosses many cultures
no unified central rule, authority
Shamans, mystic men
Full transcript