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CHAPTER II- THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
Transcript of CHAPTER II- THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
How to Write the Introduction of a Review of Related Literature
-Identify the general topic of the sources under discussion. Thus, you will provide the context of your review of related literature;
-Discuss what was already presented about the topic of your paper: conflicts in a theory, conclusions, gaps in research and scholarship, etc.
-Explain why the literature used is worth reviewing.
CHAPTER II- THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
A literature review is designed to identify related research, to set the current research project within a conceptual and theoretical context.
A conceptual framework is the researcher’s idea on how the research problem will have to be explored. This is founded on the theoretical framework, which lies on a much broader scale of resolution. The theoretical framework dwells on time tested theories that embody the findings of numerous investigations on how phenomena occur.
a diagram that visually represents and interprets the underlying theory, principles and concepts of a research.• a visual presentation of variables that interrelate with one another as perceived by the researcher before an actual empirical investigation is done to prove its relationships
A hypothesis is a testable prediction for an observed phenomenon, namely, the gap in the knowledge. Each research question will have both a null and an alternative hypothesis in a quantitative study. Qualitative studies do not have hypotheses.
The two hypotheses should follow the research question upon which they are based. Hypotheses are testable predictions to the gap in the knowledge. In a qualitative study the hypotheses are replaced with the primary research questions
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Definition of terms works just like a glossary but have a different twist. It is placed on the last part of Chapter 1 to tell the meaning of the terms used throughout the said chapter.
there are two types of definition of terms to use on your research.
Conceptual meaning and Operational meaning
are based on what a dictionary or an encyclopedia tells.
– On the other hand,
are based on how the researchers used a term on their study.
– The terms should be arranged alphabetically and should be defined lexically and/or operationally.
This part of thesis writing was also easier to do. But it requires your effort to search, read and research a lot of other books and literatures.
It is composed of discussions of facts and principles to which the present study is related.
Here are some sources you can consider in preparing the Related Literature and Related Study:
– books, encyclopedias, almanacs and other similar references.
– articles published in professional journals, magazines, periodicals, newspapers and other publications.
-unpublished theses and dissertations.
– records of schools, public and private, especially reports of their activities.
– reports from seminars, educational or otherwise.
You can locate those sources on the following:
– libraries, either government, school, or other private libraries
– government and private offices.
– the national library.
In this part, you should discuss the theories and/or concepts that are useful in conceptualizing your research. It is a compilation of organized concepts or ideas. It guides the research to determine what thing will be measured and what statistical relationship will be looked for.
Presents the theory that provides the foundation for the report; gives the
reader what he/she needs to know in order to interpret and understand your results and how you arrived at them
Conceptual Framework (includes Conceptual Paradigm)
– In Conceptual Framework, the researchers will identify and discuss the variables related to the problem.
– The I-P-O (Input-Process-Output) will be shown here. It is the schematic diagram of the paradigm of the research.
– The I-P-O diagram will show the relationship of the elements/variables therein.