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Res Life Training: SA, ACT, and Green Dot

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Kat McGee

on 15 January 2016

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Transcript of Res Life Training: SA, ACT, and Green Dot


Comprehensive overview of Title IX

Outline your responsibilities for responding to the "Big 4"

Review "confidential" vs. "private" resources

Discuss how you can support survivors
Kat McGee
Title IX Coordinator, Assistant Director of CSI/WC
Role of masculinity & femininity in consent
RA's: Know Your IX
"SA only happens to certain people" (Victim Blaming)
Sexual harassment and assault is common on college campuses, and it is NEVER the victim's fault.
Approximately 1 in 5 undergraduate women experience attempted or completed sexual assault in their college career.

16% of males are sexually abused by the age of 18

SA is the ONE crime where we hold victims responsible for the actions of others.
(Drawing the Line: Sexual Harassment on Campus American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, 2005)
"Sexual Assault = Stranger Rape"
Perpetrators are most commonly an acquaintance (46%), followed by a friend (21%), and then by a stranger (19%).

80% of SA on college campuses takes place in the survivor or perpetrators residence hall, followed next by off-campus house/apartment (9%).
(Drawing the Line: Sexual Harassment on Campus American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, 2005)
"Only women are survivors, and
only men are perpetrators"
Both men and women can be survivors and perpetrators of SA.
Although women are far more likely to be a survivor of SA, men are also survivors.

Men are less likely to come forward because they may feel ashamed, self-conscious, angry, etc.

Members of the LGBTQ community face sexual violence, including partner violence.
(Drawing the Line: Sexual Harassment on Campus American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, 2005)
"Perpetrators made a one-time,
bad decision"
The 20 year "Undetected Rapist" study proves that perpetrators are intentional and habitual.
On college campuses, repeat predators account for 9 out of every 10 rapes.
They are likely to:
target inexperienced students
isolate them
use alcohol as a weapon.
Repeat predators commit an average of 6-8 assaults before being reported.
(Drawing the Line: Sexual Harassment on Campus American Association of University Women Educational Foundation, 2005)
Is this sexual harassment?
You overhear one of your fellow RAs tell a sexually explicit joke to a group of her female residents. They all laugh and seem to be unfazed.
Strongly agree
Not sure
Strongly disagree
What else might I run in to as an RA?
Dating violence
As many as 53% of college students have experience at least one incident of dating violence
(National Center for Victims of Crime)
1 in 12 women and 1 in 45 men have been stalked at some point in their lifetime
(National Institute for Justice)
Sexual assault
Approximately 1 in 5 undergraduate women experience attempted or completed sexual assault in their college career.
16% of males are sexually abused by the age of 18
(U.S. Centers for Disease Control)
Scenario 2
Omari breaks up with Derek days after their three year anniversary. Two weeks later Derek runs in to Omari at Huskies. Derek notices that a mutual friend is cozying up to Omari. Later that night, Derek, feeling jealous and angry, texts a naked picture of Omari to every contact in his phone. Omari had sent the picture to Derek weeks before they broke up.
"I was at a party and a friend and I were talking most of the night. We ended up in his room where we started kissing. He wanted to have sex and I didn't. I told him no several times, but he continued to pursue. He kept trying for so long and I felt I couldn't get away. Finally, I just asked him to use a condom. Immediately after sex I left. I somewhat blame myself because I could have tried harder to fend him off. At the time I felt the easiest way out was just to let him continue. If I had shouted, someone would have helped, but because he was a mutual friend, I wanted to avoid a scene."
How to support a resident who has been victimized by sexual assault:

Believe her/him.
Reinforce that the rape was NOT the survivor's fault.
Put him or her in the "divers seat" to make decisions about if and how they want to use resources- be mindful of subtle pressure they may feel.
Be there emotionally for her/him.
Explain the following options for medical attention and emotional support from the available resources:

Consent must be informed, freely and actively given.

It is the responsibility of the initiator to obtain clear and affirmative responses at each stage of sexual involvement.

Past consent of sexual activity does not imply ongoing future consent.
24 hour hotline and in person response
Free and confidential
Connection to SART (Sexual Assault Response Team)

Health & Counseling Services
Confidential resource
Counselors are trained to support SA survivors
Ongoing support

Save the Dates
Walk a Mile in Her Shoes
Tuesday, October 14th at 1:00pm at the Arch

The Center Clothesline Project
Tuesday, October 14th – 10:00am - 3:00pm at the Arch

Take Back the Night
Thursday, October 16th 9:00-11:00pm in the Alumni Lounges
Rain Date: Thursday, October 23rd 9:00-11:00pm in the Alumni Lounges

Programming Ideas
Awareness of "The Red Zone" - time period when there are high incidents of sexual assaults; August 26 - Thanksgiving Break
Consent photo shoot, "Consent is Sexy!" Campaign
Green Dot Bingo
Pop culture discussion- gender roles, masculinity/femininity stereotypes
Masculinity Discussion Group
Thank you!
What will YOU do?
As a leader in our community how can you be a Green Dot? Consider your role in creating an environment where people safe to say
in a way that is respected.
Change language, attitudes, beliefs
Challenge sexist language
Create a climate of respect
Promote effective sexual communication
Support rape survivors
Speak up about sexist behaviors and jokes
Be empowered bystanders
One of your residents comes to you and asks to talk about a party last night.
What misconceptions about sexual assault do college students face?
Survivors are likely to know their rapist- this is especially true on college campuses.
"False accusations do happen" or "Women who regret sex cry rape"

Very few people report SA in the first place, and when they do it is very unlikely to be a false report.
Only about 2% of all rape and related sex charges are determined to be false, the same percentage as for other felonies (FBI).
Less than 40% of rapes are ever reported, partly because victims know that if their claim becomes public they may be shamed for their sexual history, or not believed.
Double standard: newscasters say "alleged rape" but never "alleged robbery"
Any act of sexual contact or penetration without mutual consent.

Consent can not be given if:
the victim has not agreed
physical force or coercion is used
the victim is helpless, asleep, or incapacitated under the influence of drugs or alcohol.


: Sexual Assault
When it comes to sex/dating, what does it mean to be a man or woman?
Who pays?
Who "leads someone on?"
Who "scores?"
Who "was asking for it?"
Who is (practically) naked 99% of the time in music videos, film, print ads, etc?
Assault Contact Team (ACT)
So, what is
Consent: mutual, voluntary, clear agreement to a sexual act.

May be withdrawn at any time before the completion of an act
Consent to one act does not infer or imply that a person is consenting to another act.

A lack of a "no" is NOT a "yes"
Responsibilities of RA/CA's:
The Clery Act defines 4 categories of CSA's :

Public Safety/University Police
Non-police security staff responsible for monitoring college property
People/offices designated under our policy as those to whom/which crimes should be reported
“Officials with significant responsibility for student and campus activities”

What is a Responsible Employee required to do?
If someone tells you about any of the
"Big 4"
you MUST submit a Residence Life Report.

You must document:
When the crime occurred
When it was reported to you
Where is occurred
Names of persons involved

Just the facts
Title IX Coordinator will investigate. Remember:
You are not a detective
You don’t have to prove what happened or who was at fault, or classify the crime
You aren’t supposed to find the perpetrator

When must a Responsible Employee report?
You must report if it occurred:
On campus
On public property adjacent to campus
On non-campus property owned or controlled by the college or a recognized student organization

What is done with the report?
Reviewed by Title IX Coordinator to see if further action is appropriate.

Title IX Coordinator will reach out to offer assistance which the student if free to accept or decline.

Title IX Coordinator sends redacted report (non-identifying) to Public Safety to be included in Annual Security Report.
Consent (cont.):
Women's Center Staff
Peer Listening with CSA status
Non-judgemental support
Programing to support survivors (Take Back the Night)

free and confidential assistance
trained advocates provide counseling
medical and legal accompaniments
support groups
educational programs
24/7 HOTLINE: 201-487-2227
Support if someone wants to go to the hospital to get checked out, but they don’t want their parents to know or have their insurance charged.

Reasonable accommodations for housing options and academics

On campus “no contact order”

As a Title IX "Responsible Employee" under you MUST report:

Dating Violence
Domestic Violence

Sexual Assault

"The Big 4"
Proceed with caution:
Consider "preemptive strike" of informing those you talk to of your duties as Responsible Employee.
Explain that you can not keep the
"Big 4"
confidential but professional counselors can.
Any act of sexual contact or penetration without mutual consent.
Violence by any person who has been in a romantic or intimate relationship with the victim.
Violence committed by someone the victim lives (or lived) with, a current or former spouse, or anyone else protected under domestic and family law violence.
A course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person to fear for her, his, or others’ safety, or to suffer substantial emotional distress.
Campus Security Authorities:
CSA's must also report the
"Big 4"
but they are
required to provide any identifying information.
Women's Center and CSI Staff are CSA's
Was there consent?
How would you respond?
What resources would you offer first?
What are your responsibilities as a Responsible Employee?
How would you offer ongoing support?
Collaboration time!
On Campus:
A licensed counselor in the Counseling Center
A recognized clergy person acting in the role of a pastoral counselor.

Off Campus: healingSPACE Sexual Violence Resource Center
24 hour free hotline
Accompaniments to medical and legal proceedings
Support groups for survivors

Designated Confidential Resources:

Identifying information including names and locations

ANY Big 4 incidents

What does a Responsible Employee report?

If you know (or reasonably should have known) of an allegation of the Big 4 you are required to report the incident to your Residence Life supervisor, who will report to the Title IX Coordinator.

What is a Responsible Employee required to do?

…and responsibilities.
The protections of Title IX apply to the “Big Four”:
Sexual harassment (including sexual assault)
Dating Violence
Domestic Violence

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

37 Powerful Words….
“No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.”

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

Prompt, fair and impartial investigation
Invitation to participate in the investigation
Evidence collection, witness interviews, etc.
Report prepared using this evidence
Evidence evaluated using a preponderance of the evidence standard
Simultaneous notice of outcome

What happens next?

Assure the student that you will keep the matter private and only share it with those who you are obligated to (Title IX Coordinator).
Need to know only: Title IX Coordinator and investigators.

Student awareness of designated confidential structures
Remind students they have the option to instead report to a confidential resource

Privacy v. Confidentiality

Title IX is not about geography: focus is on WHAT happened, not WHERE.

Assessing the continuance of the conduct and our duty to respond;

Office of Civil Rights reporting requirements: RA’s = “Responsible Employees”

The Nuts and Bolts

…with broad scope…

Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in education programs and activities such as:

Admissions or financial aid
Housing and facilities
Courses, academic research and other educational activities
Career guidance, counseling or other educational support services
Employment, training for employment or advancement in employment

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

Immediate Report to Public Safety for Big 4 except sexual assault.
Full transcript