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Treaty of Versailles
Transcript of Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty was signed at the Versailles Palace near Paris on June 28th, 1919. Treaty of Versailles Georges Clemenceau signing the Treaty of Versailles. Where? Who? By taking Germany's land, the "Allies" were also taking the economy away. Coal from Saar and Upper Silesia was a key economic loss. The loss of economy caused bankruptcy and German money to be worthless. This photo shows how families even used money as wallpaper and decoration. After WWI ended Germany was the main country blamed for the war, deaths, and consequences that the war had on the world. The Treaty of Versailles was made to punish Germany for the savage ways they treated others during the war. The Treaty is split up into
four major sections. Territorial, military, financial, and general. Territorial Military David Lloyd George was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. He had two main views of how Germany should be punished. Since he was a very well known politician, his image was really important. If he was to treat Germany softly, people may not think of him as a suitable leader. "Make Germany Pay" was a well known slogan that he used in public. However in private, George was concerned that the rise of communism in Russia would become widespread. He thought the possible spread of communism was more important than finding ways to punish Germany. He wanted to use Germany as a barrier to stop communism. He also did not want Germany to be so disappointed in their government that they turned to communism. He thought Germnay shold be punished, but not with so much force that it left the country full of poverty. This shows how Germany's strength had been greatly reduced. Woodrow Wilson was the President of the United States. He was amazed at how civilized countries could act so horribly during World War I. Americans wanted to be isolated from European affairs. President Wilson also believed this was a good idea. He wanted Germany to be punished, but not in a way that would spark revenge from other countries. An actual picture of the cover of the Treaty of Versailles. Cartoons Saar, Danzig, and Memel were put under the control of the League of Nations and the people of these regions could vote to stay in Germany. The League of Nations
took control of Germany's
overseas colonies. The following land was taken from Germany by signing the Treaty of Versailles; Alsace-Lorraine (given to France), Eupen and Malmady (given to Belgium), Northern Schleswig (given to Denmark), Hultschin (given to Czechoslovakia), and West Prussia, Posen and Upper Silesia (given to Poland). Why? Germany's army could only have 100,000 men. Germany was not allowed any tanks. Germany was not allowed an air force. Germany was allowed 6 capital naval ships and no submarines. This area was made into a demilitarized zone. No German weapon or soldier could be in this zone. Financial Germany was forbidden to unite with Austria to form a super-state. General There were three major clauses in the Treaty of Versailles.
1.) Germany had to admit that they caused the war. This was Clause 231, also known as the "War Guilt Clause".
2.) Germany had to pay for their destruction either through goods and services or cash. The amount of money that had to pay was unknown when the Treaty was signed, but the Germans were told to write a blank check which the allies would cash when they were ready. Eventually, the amount Germany owed was set at 6,600 euros, an amount that Germany could not pay off.
3.) A League of Nations was set up to keep the peace. German Reaction German Representatives thought that they were going to be consulted on what was in the Treaty. They weren't. The first time Representatives saw the Treaty was only a couple of weeks before the signing day. They were furious when they saw what the Treaty contained. A lot of Germans did not want the Treaty signed, but the representatives knew that if they did not sign it, they would be invaded by the "Allies". Consequences Germany as a whole thought the Treaty was unfair. German's often referred to those who signed the Treaty as the "November Criminals". The Big Three were fairly satisfied that Germany was weak but strong enough to stop the spread of communism. This source was originally used in a vactation website. Taken on June 28, 1919 at the signing. This photo is located on a website that gives information on the Treaty. Photo taken on November 26, 1917. Picture used from biographyonline.com Photo used from archives.com www.manshead.beds.sch.uk/History www.manshead.beds.sch.uk/History Photo of an actual German ship used in WWI. www.psywarrior.com/GermanWWIPSYOP.html www.lancers.org.au/site/Light_Horse_France.asp This photo shows how unfair Germany was being treated army wise. Cartoon from "Punch" magazine. This shows how the anger from the war spilled over into the creatation of the Treaty of Versailles.