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Transcript of Arts-based Research
& Interpretation Standards of
Validation Report Writing
Collecting Data dfgsefghse
rsjs Introduction Data
Collection Arts-based research can be generally defined as: the “the systematic use of the artistic process, the actual making of artistic expressions in all of the different forms of the arts, as a primary way of understanding and examining experiences by both researchers and the people that they involve in their studies” (McNiff, 2008) Presentation Agenda: Data Collection
Data Analysis & Interpretation
Standards of Validation
Report Writing & Rhetorical Structure
Review of Research
Discussion Review of
Research • Writing style depends on artistic medium (performance, visual, musical, etc.)
• Identify • Current uses: therapeutic techniques, education and pedagogy, arts advocacy, communication studies and workplace training • • Biggest criticism involving art-based research is its validity and reliability • How does one • Prossner (1996) states that many qualitative researchers believe
that arts-based research is "too subjective", "too unreliable" and"insufficiently generalizable" • What are the guidelines of validity that this research must follow? validate art-based reach? • Many quantitative researchers believe that in general qualitative research and art-based research is • Criteria that best describes a • Rich, thick descriptions • Peer review -- an outsiders • Member checking which ensures logic, accuracy and credibility of the researchers • In the end, validity comes down to the researcher that is undertaking the research. The researcher should be well educated • Arts-based resesrch can be defined as the
systematic use of the artistic process Shaun McNiff:
University of Lesley, Cambridge Discussion • Shaun McNiff states that “the actual making of artistic expressions in all of the different forms of the arts” • Artistic Checklist • Research Design: • Introduction: • Important features: subjective data that is opened for interpretations arts-based research should include: reliable valid and perspective of the research could all agree on is the pioneer of arts-based research. Elliot Eisner who we and versed in arts-based research such as field is still being debated as an actual academic subject, but it is still through human nature that we use the notion. (i.e.: childhood cognitive formation) inquiry in educational and professional institutions; legitimacy of the • Study: to each through imaginal and narrative dialogue [association to lab report] Series of 26 paintings made over an extended period of time and responded • It is an interpretation of art that cannot be accessed in words only • As for the outcome of his research; he recorded, edited and presented in his work "Art as Medicine: Creating a Therapy of the Imagination" (1992). The Domain: Art-Based Research: • Defines arts-based research as the domain in which inquiry is processed by examples of methodologies and representations between both the arts and social sciences • Finley differentiates arts-based research in relation to other various forms of postmodern qualitative inquiry by its features: 1) It identifies artful ways of knowing through the use of emotive and affective 2) It gives 3) It attends to the role of forming the shape of the interpretation by representing research in many different 4) It brings an important examination of the • Finley molds her research by supporting the process of discovery and invention through the arts • Study: Saldana guided the adaptation of an ethnographic
narrative by their own field-work and experiences
with homeless youth in New Orleans. Theatrical version of Street Rat where dramatist Johnny • Knowles: Chapter 6 • Finley translated a full scale of a poetic dialogue into a theatrical production as a social construction of reality into fiction. single storyline • As an early pioneer in the 1980’s, Elliot Eisner encouraged social scientists to “Accept artistic ways of knowing as of narratives in adaptations of music, dance, and poetry as forms of research representations” complements to science and urged acceptance (i.e.: the bond created with an artist and his/her work) experiences interpretive to his work. (i.e.: the emotions expressed in a poem) license to the researcher to create artful meaning of the arts such as dance, film, photography and narrative writing. arrangements art and science (i.e.: subjectivity vs objectivity) tensions that could be brought upon by the relationship between Susan Finley:
Washington State University • Prosser’s Methodological Framework forImage-Based Qualitative Research: • Grand tour of key questions • The role of the Significance • Statement of the • Outcomes • Ethical Issues • Methods of verification and approaches to • Data analysis procedures • Data collection techniques and recording of data • Research Rationale reflexivity for a qualitative approach • researcher problem of the study • strategy • The intended • Acknowledge problems and limitations • Add non-visual methods (triangulation) Combine theoretical underpinnings of the researcher informs the writing style audience research strategies (visual methods) • • Data Collection: o Store and o Record Information (textually or visually) o Collect data o Focus the research to an area within the o Identify the Checklist for arts-based inquiry: • Data analysis and Interpretation: • On the part of the researcher and participant -- they share this role o Be highly aware of and acknowledge the o If using a group/participants, a o Depending on area, identify o Choose area
o Rich • Standards of Validation: • Creswell’s best qualifications for o Member-checking o Have research peer-reviewed
• Prosser’s Methodological Framework: • Grand tour of key questions • The role of the • Significance of the study • Statement of the o Introduction: • Report Writing and Rhetorical Structure: o Research Design: • Outcomes • Ethical Issues • Methods of verification and approaches to • Data analysis procedures • Data collection techniques and recording of data • Research • problem researcher for a qualitative approach Rationale strategy reflexivity require the following criteria: validity descriptions to research (in terms of artistic expression, data, etc.) appropriate (story-telling, painting exercise, etc.) patterns/themes of the artistic expression discussion with the group about interpretations nature of drawing conclusions highly interpretive which will be studied (visual, musical, performance, etc.) artistic medium(s) will be studied artistic experience data organize Embodiment Memorable ineffable Reflxivity • Approaches the • • • The entire process of arts-based • It is important for the researcher to establish specific guidelines that will determine what is being researched data collection is dependent upon the established for the research design itself parameters • Because art, by its very nature, may be both data will be collected as well as what exactly the data is complex multi-faceted and , it is difficult to establish how the • Depending on the and how they wish to approach their qualitative inquiry research design , the process of collection and analysis could encompass different aspects of research at the discretion of the researcher • The question that may arise: • One may question whether the art itself is considered: What constitues the data? • the • or whether the actual act of creation of the work or the finished product is the data or the analysis • the • the data collection instrument analysis • Counter to some more traditional styles of qualitative inquiry, the analysis component of arts-based research is both • Increasingly, researchers have found it more difficult to accurately analyze and interpret the • The • The research may include, but is not limited to “involve [himself] in particular forms of • Researchers may also wish to • The researcher must also have a good deal of
• Through this more imaginative method, the researcher may be better equipped to explore the actual process of the creation of art that can: • Researchers and subjects alike are then better able to analyze the content use to respond to art” (McNiff, 2008). “... transcend the linear narratives that we conventionally thoughts that would be otherwise emotions and of the art itself that may reveal certain hidden in simple text or speech • A quality examination and interpretation demands that the researcher have the within the given field to training interpret and analyse the data provided by the participants accurately • In order to effectively analyse the work of art that has been created, the researcher should have some level of experiential background with the medium of communication and use appropriate language to explore or capacity to exercise skill and judgement describe reactions to the art itself • It is important for the researcher, prior to the study, to first • To provide for a more accurate and analysis: relevant define their goal of research in order to determine whether the goal has been reached • McNiff (2009) recommends that one should: to allow for more specific and accurate interpretation of the work, such as the media, subject, time or basic choice of expression limit the scope of the qualitative inquiry “...always focus on the creation of a reporting of outcomes” clear method that can be easily described systematic and then implemented in a way that lends itself to the • McNiff, a leading scholar within the realm of arts-based research, along with a small group would: “You are • Finley also suggests that during the research process: with others in the group and to materials presented in published literature” (McNiff, 2008) artistic expression , and then systematically describe and reflect upon what [he] did, comparing [his] experiences analyzing, but at the same time, the realistic “telling” is highly interpretive” (Finley, 1995). some conclusions drawing , you are writing a story you are , on the research design highly interpretive and acutely dependent simply through more traditional, textual descriptions of their qualitative findings (Butler-Kisber, 2009) complexities of human behaviour an area of study that is seen to vast array approaches of allow the researcher to choose emotional data the research they are conducting, best fit participants in their work or a research design that will elicit the most from the , or music , poetry , drama , painting narrative collage story-telling , , Drawing exercise & discussion Your ideal "home" Due to the broad nature of arts-based inquiry, directions for future research with this approach are seemingly endless and multi-directional The vast and broad properties of arts-based research are the foremost challenge to researchers in the field By nature of its emphasis on unique and personal artistic expression, the possibility for uniform studies by separate researchers is difficult These characteristics in addition to gaps in methodology of a growing field exist as the foremost challenges to arts-based researchers I never made a painting as a work of art, it’s all research. — Pablo Picasso • form mediates understanding