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A Story of Trilemmas

For ECO471 Austin College

Dan Zhao

on 21 March 2016

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Transcript of A Story of Trilemmas

A Story of Trilemmas
A trilemma is a difficult choice from three options, each of which is (or appears) unacceptable or unfavourable.
Two ways in which to express a trilemma:
it can be expressed as a choice among three unfavourable options, one of which must be chosen,
or as a choice among three favourable options, only two of which are possible at the same time
Apologetic trilemma
One well known trilemma was put forward by Christian apologists as a proof of the divinity of Jesus, and is most commonly known in the version by C. S. Lewis
It proceeds from the assumption that Jesus claimed to be God
Not Lord
Not Liar
Not Lunatic
Trilemma in law (Ex officio oath)
The "cruel trilemma" was an English ecclesiastical and judicial weapon developed in the first half of the 17th century, and used as a form of coercion and persecution
a breach of religious oath
contempt of court
remain silent or say nothing
take religious oath
The Žižek Trilemma
The “Žižek Trilemma” is a humorous formulation on the incompatibility of certain personal virtues under a constraining ideological framework.
Not very bright
Not very supportive
Trilemma of the Earth (3E Trilemma)
Economy-Energy-Environment interaction.
Green Energy (high cost)
Economic slowdown
(fossil fuels but low cost energy)
Sir Arthur Charles Clarke
(Management Trilemma)
low quality
long time
Steven Pinker and his social trilemma in his book "The Blank Slate"
a society cannot be simultaneously fair, free and equal
Not equal
Not free
Individual who work hard will accumulate more wealth
Parents will leave bulk of their inheritance to their children.
People will begin their life with same fortune
In 1989 Peter Swenson posited the existence of "wage policy trilemmas" encountered by trade unions trying to achieve three egalitarian goals simultaneously
full employment
High Wage rate
free collective bargaining
(Trade Union)
No bargaining power
Low wage rate
Impossible trinity
introduced by economists Robert Mundell and Marcus Fleming in articles discussing the problems with creating a stable international financial system.
It refers to the trade-offs among the following three goals: a fixed exchange rate, national independence in monetary policy, and capital mobility.
Consider three policy goals:

Fixed exchange rate
Promote stability in trade and investment.

International capital mobility
Promote integration, risk sharing and efficiency.

Monetary policy autonomy
Tool for managing home country’s business cycle.
The Trilemma
fixed Exchange Rate
Monetary Policy Autonomy
Capital Mobility
Capital Control
No Monetary Policy Autonomy
Floating Exchange Rate
"I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him:
I’m ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don’t accept his claim to be God.
That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic — on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg — or else he would be the Devil of Hell. You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God, or else a madman or something worse. You can shut him up for a fool, you can spit at him and kill him as a demon or you can fall at his feet and call him Lord and God, but let us not come with any patronising nonsense about his being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to. ... Now it seems to me obvious that He was neither a lunatic nor a fiend: and consequently, however strange or terrifying or unlikely it may seem, I have to accept the view that He was and is God."[
Ben is at Bree's trial and refuses to answer any of the D.A's questions and, even when they show him the phone call they caught about Bree expressing eremorse to him for putting a body in the ground, he remains silent.
Full transcript