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MOOD DISORDERS

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by

Viviana Nuila

on 1 September 2014

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Transcript of MOOD DISORDERS

Major Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Seasonal affective Disorder
Severe form of depression that interferes
with functioning, concentration, and
mental and physical well being. Marked by
at least four of the following symptoms (for at least two weeks):
problems with eating, sleeping, thinking, concentrating,
or decision making
lacking energy
thinking about suicide
feeling worthless or guilty
Disorder in which and individual alternates
between feelings of mania (euphoria), and
depression.
elation, extreme confusion, distractibility, racing thoughts, exaggerated self-esteem, irresponsible behavior.
feelings of failure, sinfulness, and
despair. Lethargy, unresponsiveness.
SAD: people tend to develop deep depression in winter.
sleeping and eating excessively.
MOOD
DISORDERS

Most people feel sad or irritable from time to time. They may say they're in a bad mood. A mood disorder is different. It affects a person's everyday emotional state.
The depression ranges from mild feelings of uneasiness, and apathy to intense suicidal despair.
To be diagnosed as depression, the feelings cannot be attributed to the loss of a loved one.
Manic phase
Not easy to diagnose, since the person is optimistic, seeming to be in touch with reality.
During a manic episode, a person may behave as if he/she needs less sleep, activity level typically increases, along with the frequency and loudness when speaking.
Depressive Phase
Alternating between frantic action and motionless dispair
Occasional episodes of a manic-type or depressive-type reaction, separated by long intervals of relatively normal behavior.
No normal behavior, cycling from periods of manic-type reactions to equeally intense depressive-type reactions.
Symptoms may be experienced as follows:
In some people there is an increase in the production of melatonin when there is less light than usual. Treatment for them is to sit under fluorescent lights during the evening or early morning hours.
Explaining Mood Disorders
Psychological factors include certain personality traits such as self esteem.
That depressed people draw illogical conlcussions about themselves. They blame themselves for normal problems and consider every minor failure a catastrophe.
Cognitive Theorists Believe...
That depression is caused by a feeling of learneed helplessness. The person learns to believe that he/she has no control over events in life and that it is useless to try.
There are certain neurotransmitters involved: serotonin and noradrenaline
Researchers are looking at genetic factors and faulty brain structure and function as possible causes.
Many causes of depression may result form an interaction of biological and psychological factors.
Material en Espanol
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/spanish/mooddisorders.html
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