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Ghana Food and Culture

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Anamarie Ateca

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Ghana Food and Culture

Ghanaian Food and Culture
History
The republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire, its name comes from the title of its emperor, the Ghana which also means "warrior king".
The medieval empire was approximately 500 miles north and west of the modern state of Ghana. Also, modern Ghanian territory was the core of the empire of Ashanti.
Current Demographics
Ghana is found is West Africa bordering the Gulf of Guinea between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo.

It is now the 8th largest country of the 16

Its population is close to 27 million. About 10% of the population lives in the capital, Accra.

The official language is English; although, many other languages can also be found.

71% are Christian, about 18% are Muslim the rest either follow traditional beliefs or are non-religious.
Traditional food habits and practices
The center of Ghanian society is family. It is their primary source of identity, loyalty, and responsibility.

Family obligations come before all else.

Traditionally the lineage is traced through the mother and maternal ancestors.
Family Structure
Cooking Styles:
Special Foods:
Therapeutic Food Uses:
Taboos:
Nutritional Status
Intervention Methods
References:
The diet consists mainly of starchy foods: yams, cassava, millet, maize(corn), rice. These are usually served with soups or stews and very small portions of meat or fish. Each of the following are commonly found meals.

Common Foods:
Fufu and Peanut Soup
Jollof Rice
"Red Red"
Traditionally all cooking was done on a three-stone fire. Many people still use this method but it is also common to see them using a modern gas range, ovens, and portable kerosene stoves.
Food is usually fried, boiled, or grilled.
Certain types of ceremonies call for specific types of customary foods or a particular type of dress. On Sundays a special meal is eaten that consists of fried yams, turkey tails, and palm wine. These are often made into a soup or stew.
You should never use your left hand when shaking hands, eating, or counting money. It is considered dirty and disrespectful.
Giving a thumbs up is a direct insult.
Hot and spicy foods are common throughout Ghana due to the belief that the pepper cools the body and cleanses it of impurities.
Boafo, J.. N.p.. Web. 17 Oct 2013. <http://www.africaportal.org/articles/2013/01/16/impact-deforestation-forest-livelihoods-ghana>.

Central Intelligence Agency, . N.p.. Web. 17 Oct 2013. <https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html>.

“Culture of Ghana.” EveryCulture. 2007. JRank. 12 Nov. 2007http://www.everyculture.com/Ge-It/Ghana.html

“Facts and History.” Ghana Expeditions. 2007. 29 Nov. http://www.ghanaexpeditions.com/regions_detail.asp?sec=HISTORY&1n-0

"Ghana Etiquette ." FindTheData. N.p.. Web. 17 Oct 2013. <http://etiquette-by-country.findthedata.org/compare/19-54/Ghana-vs-United-States>.

Michigan State University, . N.p.. Web. 17 Oct 2013. <http://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/ghana/history>.

Our Africa, . N.p.. Web. 17 Oct 2013. <http://www.our-africa.org/ghana/food-daily-life>.



General Etiquette
Ceremonial Dress
In the Republic of Ghana commonly men will hold hands and express themselves with touching, while it is less common for women to the same.
Acknowledging people is also a must in Ghana, you say good morning, good evening, etc. to all members of the family, and any person you interact with
There is a huge emphasis on how people dress.
Table manners are relatively formal.
-wait to be told where to sit
-washing basin brought out before meal is served
-don't begin eating until the eldest male does

Since Ghana is still a developing nation and in most rural areas dietary diversity is uncommon many children and families lack nutrition elements they need.
Being malnourished in Ghana is common because many of the people lack knowledge of nutrition values that are important or just can't provide a wide range of different foods for their typically large families .
If an intervention was given to the people of Ghana it would need to discuss the importance of protein in the diet since they have a high carbohydrate diet.

An intervention would be best served in a respectful group setting. Where each person is greeted and no one feels as if they are being talked down to.
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