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The Pseudoscience of Graphology

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on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of The Pseudoscience of Graphology

What is Graphology?
Graphology, also known as handwriting analysis, is a science that interprets an individual's character through their handwriting style
Graphology analyzes the formation of letters, words and spacing to reveal information about one's personality
Used in Criminology to assist in cases that involve written messages etc.
Large companies use graphology to check job applications
Individuals use handwriting analysis to assess their intimate compatibility with others (i.e. dating sites)
Widely used to shape child development
Image by Tom Mooring
The Pseudoscience of Graphology
Graphotherapy
Graphotherapy is a therapy in which someone's handwriting is consciously changed causing positive subconscious changes in personality
Graphotherapy identifies childrens' thinking patterns, memory retention capacity and concentration
Graphotherapists can evaluate children most easily because handwriting is still in a developmental stage, similar to character
This allows the correction for undesirable traits while they're still in a premature stage of development and "reprogramming" of their personality
"Handwriting is Brain Writing"
Interactive Question Answer:
- What you write reflects your
conscious
mind
- How you write it reflects your
subconscious
mind
When one sits down to write, they must think about how to make each letter
After a short time passes, the writer begins to form letters and sentences subconsciously
Eventually, the subconscious mind begins to form our writing as a result of habit
Our nervous system sends messages to our arm, hand and fingers which in turn cause our pen to produce our handwriting
How to Analyze Handwriting
A Brief History on Graphology
Interactive Question: Is handwriting from the conscious or subconscious mind?
The science of Graphology was used 3,000 years ago by the Roman Emperor Nero and Greek philosopher Aristotle, but not much more is known until the 17th century
An Italian physician by the name of Camillo Baldi wrote the first book on handwriting analysis "How To Judge The Nature And The Character of A Person From His Letter" in 1622
The term Graphology was coined by a Frenchman named Jean Michon in the 1870s after extensive research on the science and sparked interest throughout Europe
Since 1895, over 2,200 researchers have been published on this subject in journals all across academia
Slant
Size
Pressure
Upper Zone
W o r d S p a c i n g
Page Margins
Slant determines one's emotional stability

Right Slant: emotionally open, responsive, outgoing, friendly, impulsive
Upright Writing: independence, one who is "ruled by the head not the heart"
Left Slant: shows introspection and emotion control
Exceptionally small handwriting: low self-esteem but intelligence
Small handwriting: quiet, detail-oriented and good concentration
Large handwriting: confident and easy going
Exceptionally Large: theatrical and loud, needing to be the center of attention at all times
Wide handwriting: someone who is open and friendly
Narrow handwriting: shy and inhibited, also self-disciplined
Average size handwriting is 9 mm per letter
Heavy pressure (writing can be felt from the other side of the paper): writer is agitated or stressed
Moderate pressure (writing is dark, but cannot be felt from the other side of the paper): ability to deal with stress
Light pressure: indicates someone who takes life in strides
Uneven pressure: lack of vitality or energy
didyouknow.org/handwriting
Upper zone (letters including l, t, h, d, b etc):
- tall upper strokes indicate someone who is goal oriented
- extremely extended: unrealistic expectations for oneself
- upper zone loops: imaginative and analytical

www.businessballs.com/graphology/handwritinganalysis.htm
Letters that do not touch: artistic, impractical and free-thinking
Letters narrowly spaced: wish to be surrounded by others
Some letters connecting: logical and intuitive
All letters making contact: highly cautious individual
Line

Spacing
Spaced out lines: unattached and relaxed
Closely spaced lines: likes to be a part of the action but keeps cool under pressure
Left side shows interest in roots and family
Right side shows interest in oneself, others and ones future
Top margin: interests in one goals and ambitions
Foot margins: expresses practicality, sticks to ones instincts
Validity
Questions
Disproved
Graphology is not a valid science because there have been no scientific studies able to prove a correlation between handwriting and personality.
Without scientifically tested proof, a study like handwriting analysis cannot be valid.
There were many different websites that discussed ways to analyze handwriting, some were not parallel to others so cannot be sure which is most accurate
Ones handwriting changes overtime, for example if one has not written for an extended period of time
Myer's Briggs test validity versus Graphology validity
Lower zone (letters including g, y, p, j etc):
- Full lower circular loops: sexually inclined, energetic
- "Cradle" lower loop: avoidance of aggression and confrontation
- No loop: impatience
Lower Zone
Do you believe Graphology is an accurate way of assessing ones personality?

Would you want someone to judge you based off of your handwriting?
Graphology in Today's Society
Christina Lin, James Butler, Anthony DeFilippo
Two of our roommates’ were asked to write out a pangram (sentence containing every letter of the alphabet)
- "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog"
We analyzed their handwriting versus their personalities
The two showed a direct correlation, thus, providing evidence for the validity of Graphology.
Right slant in her writing
- showing that she is emotionally open, responsive, outgoing, friendly, and impulsive
Some of Emma’s letters were connected
- meaning she is logical and intuitive
Light pressure
- demonstrated how she is someone who takes life in strides.
Somewhat small writing
- Small handwriting is linked with someone who is detail-oriented and has good concentration.

In comparison to Emma’s actual personality tendencies, these characteristics are spot on. Emma is in fact emotionally open, logical and intuitive, someone who takes life in strides, detail-oriented, and has good concentration. Her handwriting style matches up almost perfectly with her personality, verifying that there is truth behind Graphology.
Handwriting that was upright and not slanted
- means that Connor is independent.
His letters were also very close together but not touching
- showing that Connor likes to be a part of the action, keeps cool under pressure, and is impractical and freethinking.
Tremendous amount of pressure
- meaning that Connor is a bit stressed out.

Again, similar to Emma, the qualities that Connor’s handwriting represent match up precisely with Connor’s actual personality. Specifically, it makes perfect sense that Connor would be stressed out because it is at the end of the semester and finals are right around the corner. Hence, why Connor would write with heavy pressure and why Graphology is legitimate.
Roommate 1: Emma
Roommate 2: Connor
Roommate 3: Zach
His handwriting is exceptionally small
- correlates with low self-esteem

Zachary completely denied the existence of low self-esteem within his characteristics as an individual, and from experience as his roommate it can be argued that that is actually the opposite of his personality
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