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Motivation and Goals

Psychology Class and Theories
by

Amber Mason

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of Motivation and Goals

Motivation and Goals
THEORIES:
MY TOP MOTIVES TO CLIMB THIS MOUNTAIN CALLED LIFE
1. freedom
2. money/power
3. appearances
4. people that mean a lot to me
5. day to day stuff
I feel I am more motivated by extrinsic or outside of myself factors
By: Amber Mason
MOTIVATION
EMOTION
MASLOW'S
PHYSIOLOGY
SAFETY
SOCIAL
ESTEEM
SELF-ACTUALIZATION
Instinct-
people are motivated to behave in certain ways because they are evolutionarily programmed to do so
Incentive-
people are motivated to do things because of external rewards
Drive-
people are motivated to take certain actions in order to reduce the internal tension that is caused by unmet needs
Arousal-
people take certain actions to either decrease or increase levels of arousal
Humanistic-
people have strong cognitive reasons to perform various actions
James-Lange-
suggests that emotions occur as a result of physiological reactions to events
Cannon-Bard-
feel emotions and experience physiological reactions
Schachter-Singer-
physiological arousal occurs first, and then the individual must identify the reason behind this arousal in order to experience and label it as an emotion.
MOVING UP:
PHYSIOLOGY
SAFETY
SELF ACTUALIZATION
ESTEEM
SOCIAL
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
FLOW- a state of complete immersion in an activity
PEAK EXPERIENCE
Have an apartment, groceries, my bills paid, a job such as a real estate agent in college until I am full time as a doctor..
Own pepper spray, a dog, establish relationships with people who I can go to in need of help, and savings...
Have a husband, children, have ties to my family, a dog, people at work I can relate to..
Promotions, respect from my family and people, money, get a makeover...
Find God, know I gave my family and people all I could,not letting anyone down..
(taste of freedom)
(determination to win against all odds)
(sense of completion)
(being looked up to)
(knowing I did my best, accomplishment)
"peak experiences are sudden feelings of intense happiness and well-being, possibly the awareness of an "ultimate truth" and the unity of all things ... the experience fills the individual with wonder and awe....he feels at one with the world, and is pleased with it ...."
holding hands with someone for the first time
running long distance
helping someone or charity work
PEAKS-
There are ten factors:
Clear goals that, while challenging, are still attainable.
Strong concentration and focused attention
The activity is intrinsically rewarding
Feelings of serenity; a loss of feelings of self-consciousness
Timelessness; a distorted sense of time; feeling so focused on the present that you lose track of time passing
Immediate feedback
Knowing that the task is doable; a balance between skill level and the challenge presented
Feelings of personal control over the situation and the outcome
Lack of awareness of physical needs
Complete focus on the activity itself
-Maslow
Full transcript