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Judaism : Holy places.

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Gracel Quibrantar

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Judaism : Holy places.

Holy Places Judaism Synagogues The Western Wall The Temple Mount in Jerusalem Biblical Mount Sinai Israel is a very sacred place to Jewish people. Jews who do not live there try to visit Israel throughout the year. Jerusalem is important to many Jewish people; it is the ancient capital of Israel and the site of the original temple. A synagogue is a center for Jewish life, not just worshiping, but for education and the community. The Western Wall is located in the Old City of Jerusalem at the foot of the western side of the Temple Mount. It is a trace of the ancient wall that surrounded the Jewish Temple's courtyard and is maintain by the most sacred site recognized by the Jewish faith outside of the Temple Mount itself. The Synagogues contain certain features. • The Holy Ark with one or more Torah scrolls, covered by curtains.
• A six-pointed star, the Star of David, is often found both inside and outside synagogues.
• An eternal light in front of the ark, which represents the light which led the Hebrew people through the Sinai and was in the original temple, is kept lit at all times.
• A reading table, at the front or in the middle of the sanctuary, sometimes on a stage, or bimah.
• A replica of the ten commandments.
• A special seat for the rabbi.
• No images of God since images are forbidden in the commandments. In 1968 the ground in front of the Wall was hollowed out to reveal two of the buried rows of stone and the Wall then consisted of seven layers of huge, marginally dressed ("Herodian") stones from the Second Temple, above which are four layers of smaller, plainly dressed stones from the Roman or Byzantine periods. The Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem measures today approximately 45 acres in extent. The south wall measures about 910 feet, the North about 1025, the east wall about 1520 and the west wall about 1580 feet in length. The area is park like in its settings with plants of trees and shrubs. Many ancient buildings and monuments added over the past 1300 years of Moslem stewardship of the site. According to Rabbinical sources both the First and Second Temples were built on the same foundations, at the same location somewhere on the Temple Mount. The site had to be consecrated ground that had not been previously used for tombs and that was not a previous pagan worship site ("high place"). According to the biblical account of the law-giving, Sinai was enveloped in a cloud, it shaked and was filled with smoke, while lightning-flashes shot forth, and the roar of thunder mingled with the blasts of a trumpet, the account later adds that fire was seen burning at the summit of the mountain. A passage from the torah : "On the morning of the third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled. Then Moses led the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain." The Mount of Olives This mountain is sacred to all three religions. This mountain is mentioned in the bible several times, and according to Jewish tradition this is where the Resurrection will begin. The view from the Mount of Olives is beautiful, the densely packed walled city of Jerusalem embraced by the Hinnom and Kidron valleys, the Golden Gate to Mount Moriah, the Temple Mount, Mount Zion, City of David and more, bring alive both prophecy and Psalms. Jews have saught since the ancient times to be buried on the Mount of Olives. Where according to the Bible (Zech. 14:4) the resurrection will begin when the Messiah comes. Eventually, the cemetery grew to cover the entire western and much of the southern slopes. The Western Wall Tunnels In the nineteenth century, the Jerusalem scholars were already trying to determine the accurate measurements of the Western Wall and describe the methods used in its construction. However, their information was incomplete, mainly because they were unable to discover the wall's entire length. After almost twenty years, and despite enormous difficulties, the Western Wall Tunnels were excavated. This lengthy project unearthed many archeological finds which can only be described as remarkable. These finds revealed new and unknown details about the history and the geography of the Temple Mount site. Work cited
United Religion Initiative. Date of recourse creation .26 March 1998 web. 2002. http://www.uri.org/kids/world_juda_sacr.htm/>.
Bard G, Mitchell. The American Israeli cooperative enterprise. December 1993. http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/Western_Wall.html/> Dolphin, Lambert. Milligan, Jim. The Temple Mount in Jerusalem Created April 1, 1996. Web April 12, 2010. http://www.templemount.org/> By : Gracel Quibrantar
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