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Regional and social dialects
Transcript of Regional and social dialects
People often use a language to signal their membership on particular groups, social status, sex, age, ethnicity, and the kind of social network belong to turn out to be important dimension of identity in many communities.
You can often make some pretty good guesses about various characteristics of the speaker, even though the speaker had said nothing explicitly about himself/herself.
No two people speak exactly the same.
Some features of speech are shared by groups and become important because they differentiate one group to another.
Speech provides social information
There is a different regional accent in language such as in England and New Zealand. There are differences in varieties spoken in different region, for instant: differences in pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar.
or intra-continental variation
The high level of intra-national communication together with the relatively small populations, may have inhibited the development of marked regional differences in these countries such as New Zealand and Australia.
Cross-continental variation: dialect chains
Dialect chains are very common across the whole of Europe.
Varieties of Dialect chains:
- Austria and Germany
- Dutch and Flemish (Switzerland)
- Netherlands and Belgium
- Portuguese and Spanish / Catalan
- French and Italian
Regional Dialects are distinguishable from their pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar
Accents are differed by pronunciation alone
Languages are not purely entities. They serve social functions. In order to define a language, it is important to look to its social and political functions.
So a language can be thought of as a collections of dialects that are usually linguistically similar, used by different social groups who choose to say that they are speakers of one language.
Varieties of language use defined according to class , education , occupation , age , sex , etc.
A linguistics variety differs from the standard variety on at least one of these levels . it is shared by a speech community which is defined by the use of certain linguistic features and by the common attitude towards the variety.
All native speakers adjust their speech patterns depending on context : from relaxed conversation in familiar surroundings to a more formal setting.
The change of language varieties we make are extremely subtle but nonetheless noticeable , and a perfectly natural way of making the people we are talking to feel at ease
For example : “maybe she was wearing a cap”
This statement , if pronounced without an obvious regional accent , appears to reveal little about the speaker the pronunciation of the final consonant in the word wearing might reveal a great deal about a speaker’s social background or the context in which he is speaking . in popular writing , the letter pronunciation is often transcribed as wearin’ and this usually conveys the sense that the speaker is either from a lower socio-economic group or is speaking an informal situation.
They illustrate very clearly the arbitrariness of the distinction between language and dialect.
Language: the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way.
Dialect: a form of language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group.
There are two kinds of dialects:
By : - Chyntia
- Ulvia Minarta