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Mandatos Afirmativos y Negativos con Tú

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by

Keely Hansen

on 29 July 2015

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Transcript of Mandatos Afirmativos y Negativos con Tú

Mandatos Afirmativos y Negativos con Tú
Primero, repasamos...
In order to know how to form informal commands in Spanish, you need to know the "Yo" and "Tú" present tense conjugations.
Present tense conjugation for Yo and Tú for -AR verbs:
-o, -as
Hablar ("To talk") => Habl
o
("I talk") Habl
as
("You talk")
Present tense conjugation for Yo and Tú for -ER verbs:
-o, -es
Correr ("To run") => Corr
o
("I run") Corr
es
("You run")
Present tense conjugation for Yo and
Tú for -IR verbs:
-o, -es
Preferir ("To prefer") => Preier
o
("I prefer") Prefier
es
("You prefer")
Mandatos Afirmativos
Affirmative Commands are commands for when we
want
people to do something.
There are three easy steps to form Informal Affirmative Commands in Spanish:
Conjugate the verb for
"Tú"
in the present tense.
If the verb stem-changes in the present tense, it will keep the stem change for the command.
Sentar ("To sit") =>
Sientas
("You sit")
Drop the "-s"
¡Sienta!
("Sit!")
If there is a direct object pronoun, it attaches to the command. (You might not always have a pronoun, so you might not need to do this.)
¡Sientate!
("Sit yourself down!")

Mandatos Negativos
Negative Commands are commands for when we
don't
want people to do something. The steps to form them are:
Conjugate the verb for
"Yo"
in the present tense.
If there is a stem-change or it is an irregular yo verb, it keeps the change for the command.
Hacer ("To do / to make") =>
Hago
("I do / I make")
Drop the "-o"
Hag-
Add the
"opposite ending"
This means if it is an
-AR verb we add an "-es" and if it is an -ER or -IR verb we add an "-as"
Hagas
Don't forget to put
"no"
in front of the verb.
¡
No hagas!
("Don't do it / Don't make it!")
If there is a direct object pronoun, it goes between "no" and the command
¡No hagas
la cama
!
¡No

la

hagas!
Irregulars - Affirmatives
There are a few irregular affirmative commands for "Tú".
P - Poner =>
¡Pon!
("Put! / Set!")
S - Salir =>
¡Sal!
("Leave!")
S - Ser =>
¡Sé!
("Be!")
T - Tener =>
¡Ten!
("Have!")
H - Hacer =>
¡Haz!
("Do! / Make!")
I - Ir =>
¡Ve!
("Go!")
D - Decir =>
¡Di!
("Tell! / Say!")
V - Venir =>
¡Ven!
("Come!")
Just like regular affirmative commands for "Tú", we attach direct object pronouns to irregular affirmatives:
¡
Pon

la mesa
!
¡
Pon
la
!
Irregulars - Negatives
There are a few irregular negative commands for "Tú":
Ir -
¡No vayas!
("Don't go!")
Ser -
¡No seas!
("Don't be!")
Dar -
¡No des!
("Don't give!")
There are some
spelling changes
for negative commands for "Tú":
-CAR: C => QU
Tocar - ¡No toques! ("Don't play!")
-GAR: G => GU
Llegar - ¡No llegues! ("Don't arrive!")
-ZAR: Z => C
Empezar - ¡No empieces! ("Don't start!")
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