Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The American Home Front During World War One

No description
by

Emily Protheroe

on 4 January 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The American Home Front During World War One

American Home Front
During World War One War Industries Board (WIB) -put together in July, 1917
-purpose: in charge of the production of war materials
-dealt with:
-distribution of materials
-building of new factories
-occasionally setting prices Involvement of Women -war creates more opportunities for women because men are away
-women become more accepted in the workforce
-became integral in the war effort
-these new opportunities drew more attention to the lack of women's suffrage, caused more unrest The Food Administration -run by Herbert Hoover
-slogan: "food will win the war - don't waste it."
-encouraged victory gardens
-wheatless mondays, meatless tuesdays, and porkless thursdays were encouraged
-general goal: conserve food for the troops. Espionage and the Sedition Acts -put in place to control public opinion and support
-anyone found to pose a threat to morale about the war could be jailed
-even things said in private were punishable
one person was jailed for ten years Treatment of German Americans -many german-americans hoped the central powers would be victorious
-the majority of americans hoped the allies would win
-officially, america was neutral
-in many school districts, german ceased to be taught
-music by german composers was no longer played in orchestras Fuel Administration -run by harry garfeild
-main goal: conserve fuel at home so the troops would have more for war
-energy saving tactics incorporated such as daylight savings time, heatless mondays, and shortened workweeks for non-war-related jobs
-main fuels conserved: oil and coal
National War Labor Board -chaired by william taft and frank walsh
-established by the government in march, 1918
-kept labor strikes at bay by fixing problems before they became distracting and caused problems with production of war materials Great Migration -henry ford recruits many african americans to work in the northern states
-many other companies follow
-offered good pay and lots of work because all the men were at war
-300-500,000 total workers migrate
-in northern cities, african americans were allowed to vote
-great migration greatly influenced the demographics in the northern states Cost of War -WWI was expensive
-total cost: about $33 billion
-about 1/3 ($10 million) was loaned to the allies
-roughly the same amount was raised in the war effort at home
-income taxes were increased, excess profit taxes were put on corporations, and excise duties were put on other miscellaneous items
-american government borrowed $20 million from the american people through liberty and later victory bonds
-21 million people subscribed to the fourth liberty loan The Committee on
Public Information
(CPI) -'marketing campaign' for the war
-led by george creel
-pamphlets sent explaining the war
-public speakers hired to promote support
-general propaganda to convince people that the war was a good idea
Full transcript