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Copy of Maori Mythology;

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phyllis smith

on 17 March 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Maori Mythology;

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
Psychological Maori Perspectives
Maori Mythology;
Ranginui - Sky Father
Papatuanuku - Earth Mother
Their children; Ancestors of all parts of nature
Tumatauenga - People, war
Tawhirimatea - Wind, weather
Tane-mahuta - Forests,birds
Tangaroa - Sea, fish
Rongomatane - Cultivated food
Haumietiketike - Uncultivated food

Maori Perspectives
Significance of Maori Psychology as Practitioners
Treaty of Waitangi
The Treaty of Waitangi calls upon both parties to work together for the benefit of the community.
Drury (2007)

A theory that Challenges this perspective
Freud's psychosexual stages which focus on rather personal and perhaps explicit aspects of a client, could be taboo subjects to Maori, and deeply shameful, disrespectful and offensive.
The creation of the world
Te Ao Maori Tawhito
"The Ancient Maori World"
Acknowledgement of Issues/Concerns
Cross-cultural Practice

Maori Perspectives are branched from the creation story.
Maori perspectives are based around spirituality
The Maori worldview is that the spiritual realm interrelates with the physical realm.
Powhiri Poutama
Created by Paraire Huata (Te Ngaru Learning Systems, 1997)
Poutama is a stairway design commonly seen in tukutuku (weaved lattice) panels on the walls and ceiling in whare whakairo (decorated houses).
A powhiri poutama, then, is a meta-map, or framework for the task of scaffolding across a developmental phase or therapy.,
the powhiri process by suggesting seven steps that will enable an individual to cross the liminal space. Drury (2007

According to Durie (2002) Maori need to be asked whether they have their own ways of thinking or feeling based on their own worldviews.
Marae encounters was one of the ways in which Durie (2002) was able to portray a framework that could better explain a Maori psychological worldview

One of the elements of Marae encounters as set out by Durie (2012) was the domain of time or Nga Manu Korero
The domain of time focuses on delivering key messages without the constraints of working to a time limit (Durie, 2002).

The term “Maori Time” is widely used to portray a lack of punctuality for keeping with time (Not being on time). However from a Maori worldview the domain of Nga Manu Korero puts the emphasis on being able to deliver the key messages and the time would be made or allowed for in order to complete that process (Durie, 2002).
Implementing cross-cultural practice in Aotearoa/New Zealand is vital in the role of counsellor, as Aotearoa/New Zealand does not consist of one or two cultures, but a wide and diverse range of cultures from both collective and individual societies. In order to effectively assist clients, it is important that the counsellor have an adequate range of understanding and empathy for varying cultures. We cannot help our clients if we cannot understand their perspective on life and those they share their life with.
From a Maori perspective, practicing cross cultural methods may allow the practitioner to uncover unique approaches to solving issues that may not have been resolved under a western form of psychology (Tamatea, 2008).

A benefit of cross cultural practice is that it enables the practitioner to work in a way that is culturally appropriate (Tamatea, 2008).

The majority of theories are based on Western values and belief systems (Durie, 2002).
implementing cross cultural practice can be a risk of making the assumption that all people from that target group think and believe the same thing which is not always true (Durie, 2002).
Many modern Maori are not involved in traditional activities such as Marae activities and customary practices so in these cases a cross cultural practice may have little impact (Durie, 2002).
A better understanding of or an open mind to Maori psychological views and how they are formed will enable a practitioner to practice more effectively when working with Maori (Nikora, 2007).
Calling upon spiritual guidance and protection.
Honouring the people and the land
Clearing space
Sigmund Freud
Freud's theory believes all issues stem from the mind.
The Maori culture, believes that the spiritual and physical world interact with one another and the good health and connectedness of all physical, mind, spiritual and whanau ensure an overall healthy individual and community.
Maori culture believes strongly in myths and legends, powerful God's, and their morals and values stem from this, whereas Freud focuses more on linking our mind with our childhood experiences.
The psychodamic approach is very much an individual perspective - the client and counsellor, where he analyses thoughts and feelings with the client alone. Strict confidentiality.
Within the collective Maori culture however, a clients issues may indeed include extended family members who will wish to be present and involved in the session.
Years of colonisation, exploitation and oppression (Walker et al. 2006, p.332) saw erosion of cultural institutions including, language & traditional ways of healing and living
As you can see, implementing cross cultural practice is vital within the counsellor role to enable a professional and effective counselling service for all clients that seek personal well-being
Living in New Zealand, one cannot escape the need for comprehensive knowledge and understanding of non western cultures, especially Maori, who are the indigenous people of this land.
One must not forget that in many collective societies, extended family or significant other members of their culture, may also need to be in attendance during counselling sessions, and the counsellor needs to understand this and be prepared,in order to correctly facilitate a group counselling session.
Maori Proverb
Whatungarongaro te tangata toitu te whenua
As man disappears from sight, the land remains
(author unknown)
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