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The History of Opera

A Timeline

Jessica Mayuga

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of The History of Opera

Opera: A Brief History What is opera? Opera is the artistic retelling of Greek drama Euripides Aeschylus Sophocles Greek Dramatists ~Mystery Play~ Medieval play based on biblical stories Pastourelle Old French lyric where a shepherdess is wooed by a man of rank Ballet de cour Court ballet: ballets of the 16th and 17th centuries
Not opera yet! Madrigal Comedy Entertainment music where alternating a cappella singers would relay narratives in song Florentine Camerata A group of humanists and intellectuals that discussed the happenings and trends in art of the period Monody 1. A poem lamenting a person's death
2. Music with only one melodic line Recitativo Style of singing where the singer adopts rhythm of ordinary speech Libretto The text of an opera Jacopo Peri The transitional Italian composer Dafne: The first (and subjectively bad) attempt at opera Euridice: The first opera to stabilize the new artorm Claudio Monteverdi The first renowned opera composer, still marking the R/B transition La favola d'Orfeo The first great opera L’incoronazione di Poppea Monteverdi's masterpiece Ritornello A recurring section Venice Almira
Giulio Cesare in Egitto
Home of the first public opera house opera seria 18th century classical opera opera buffa a comic opera with regular characters Castrato a male whose testicles were removed at a prepubescent age to preserve a naturally high singing voice Farinelli: Il Castrato Recitativo Secco Recit accompanied by continuo instruments Recitativo Stromentato Stricter, more rhythmic and dramatic recit Tragedie Lyrique French Opera i n t r o d u c e d b y Jean Baptiste Lully a n d c o n t r i b u t e d t o b y Moliere a n d Philippe Quinault & Jean-Philippe Rameau who set the foundation for the modern theory of harmony Opera comique Happy-ending opera with some spoken word Singspiel 18th century German opera with dialogue Opera A presentation by Jessica Mayuga George Frederick Handel A German composer who worked in Italy, but did not find success as great as when he worked in England Ballad opera A type of English opera Guerre des bouffons an 18th century battle between opposing French musical philosophies Cadenza Intermezzo A shorter work inserted between other forms of entertainment Cadence: a magical solo near the end of a work Reform The 16th century movement against the Catholic church Pasticcio A work by various composers who only may or may not have been actually collaborating Christoph Willibald Gluck A German composer w h o s e w o r k Orfeo ed Euridice revolutionized opera Ranieri de'Calzabigi was a librettist who worked very closely with Gluck Classical vs Decadent simplicity
correctness complexity
incorrectness Apollonian vs Hermetic communication extracommunicative Dionysian madness
ecstacy order
reason Almira
Giulio Cesare in Egitto
Alcina Armide et Renaud Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Idomeneo
Die Entführung aus dem Serail
Der Schauspieldirektor
Le Nozze di Figaro
Don Giovanni
Cosi fan Tutte
Die Zuaberflöte
La Clemenza di Tito (and their antecedent forms) Dramma per musica a preface: plays for music Aria de capo Lyric song in ABA form The Baroque Era Alessandro Scarlatti The great stabilizer Metastasio The great librettist Italian vs French Fast
Fast Slow
Slow Cherished by Catholics
by the Elite) (Emotions (Classical) Famous singspiels: Die Entführung aus dem Serail
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