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Paper Structure and Content
Transcript of Paper Structure and Content
(Create a Research Space Model)
Move 1. Establish a research territory
introduce and review previous research (O)
show importance, central interest, problem, relevancy (O)
Move 2. Establish a niche
indicate a gap or extend previous knowledge (O)
Move 3. Occupy the niche
outline purposes or nature of present research (O)
list research questions or hypotheses (PISF)
announce principal findings (PISF)
state value of present research (PISF)
indicate structure of the research paper (PISF)
PISF = probable in some fields, rare in others
O = obligatory
Methods, Results, Analysis
Consider findings within larger research area
Possible future work
Leave a “final message”
Consists of Materials, Methods, Results/Analysis and most of Discussion
Data, Inference and Interpretation
What has been done to address the challenge
Your contribution to the larger problem
uses strongest and most memorable words
steps backwards through OCAR
explains the changes to the characters and their world
shows how our understanding of “nature” has advanced
concentrates on what you achieved rather than what you didn’t achieve
has your “take-home message”
What is the
will be gained?
What is your
What is your
are you writing about?
does the story take place?
does your reader need to know?
is the larger problem ?
What is the problem?
What is your specific question?
What don't we yet know (current boundaries)?
Why should we know it?
Paragraph and Sentence Structure and Content
One idea per paragraph
Clearly stated issue (topic)
Clearly ascertainable point
Sufficient discussion to establish the point
Linked to previous paragraph
Variable – but normally more than one sentence!
Basic word order
Subject, verb, object
(subject, verb, complement)
Other reader expectations
End-focus e.g. old information/new information
Simple clauses/complex clauses
Clauses close to what they refer to
S-V-O close together