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Transcript of India Prezi
A country filled with culture, history, and wonder
Climate and Seasons
India has many different climates
-The most common climates in the Himalayas are
-The Thar Desert has a dry climate
-The Gangetic Plain's climate is humid and tropical
• There are three major seasons, cool season, hot season, and monsoon season
Himalayas Thar Desert
History & Government
*There are three different kinds of political parties, National, State, & Unrecognized.
*India is run under a federal republic.
*The president is Pranab Mukherjee since 2012.
*The prime minister is Narendra Modi since 2014.
*The British wanted to control India because of its raw materials and its population.
*India was originally operated by the East India Company which later was taken over by the British Government.
*PROS- Modern goods, modern transportation, health care, better education, & protection.
*CONS- Indians were considered "half" citizens, and the British controlled the government/economy.
-India's ancient art used a lot of symbols.
-Each era had its own unique meaning.
-India was known as the golden bird because of their wealth.
-Slavery in India did not exist.
*Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869
*Gandhi was married to Kasturba Gandhi for 61 years
*Gandhi led the Indian nationalism in the British-ruled India
*Gandhi led India to independence and influenced freedom and civil rights across the world
*Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948
Geographic location and Population
• India is next to three bodies of water
-Arabian Sea to the west
-Indian Ocean to the south
-Bay of Bengal to the east
• India has the second highest population, 1,270,272,105
-655,875,026 are males and 614,397,079 are females
• India’s GDP is $45 trillion
• its unemployment is 9.8%
• and its inflation is 8.6%
• The Leading exports in India are cotton, textiles, jute goods, tea, coffee, mango pulp, wheat,
• India’s total exports add up to 27727.60 million U.S. dollars
• Two major landforms are the Himalayas and the Deccan Plateau
-Himalayas are situated along India’s northern border
-South to the Himalayas is the Deccan Plateau
• An important river in India is the Ganges
• Two mountain ranges in India are the Western and Eastern Ghats
Religions of India
Buddhism was very influential, so influential that the Greek king Menander became a Buddhist himself
Asoka was a conqueror who brought Buddhism to India and other parts of central Asia
It's one of the largest, or dominant religions in the East, and one of the oldest.
Most Hindu's believe in reincarnation
Is one of the oldest religions in the world
A monotheistic religion
The Islam's sacred text is the Quran
Founded in 622 CE in Mecca, a sacred place in Saudi Arabia
The founder of the religion (Muhammad) was a trade merchant born in Arabia
One of the youngest religions in the East, created in the sixteenth century
They believe in reincarnation
Like many religions, they have a sacred text, called the Adi Granth.
Temples are the main places of worship
The Vedas is one of the oldest Indian sacred texts which is sacred to Hindu's.
Cultures of India
Exports and Economy
There are many people of India from different origins and in different area.
-They were the earliest people to live in India.
-They set up the base of Indian civilization.
-Brought agriculture to India.
-Live in Central and East India.
-These people are found in the North East.
-They have a yellow appearance.
-They are the people who were thought to have built Indus Valley.
-They are found in South India.
* Western Bracycephals
-As the name suggests they are the people of west India.
* Nordics or Indo-Aryans
- Last people to immigrate. They came around 1500-2000 B.C.
- They are the people of north and central India.
Hindustani is the Indian version of classical music. Its origins are from ancient Hindu traditions and Persian musical elements. Indian Film Music and pop music is starting to get popular. The folk music is very diverse and varies based on the region. One popular instrument is the sitar.
Indian food has been influenced by many countries. Its food has been affected by Arab, Turkish, and other European factors. Indian food is known for its liberal use of herbs and spices, e.g. curries, ginger, coriander, cardamom, turmeric, dried hot peppers, and cinnamon. A chutney is a thick spread which is commonly eaten. Most Indians are vegetarian, but lamb and chicken are common. Hands are used as utensils sometimes, and bread is also used to mop up food.
Traditional Indian clothing is unique. People mostly wore cotton clothing, but those who could afford it wore silk. Women liked to wear silver and gold jewelry. Women wore silk saris. Men wore dhotis which are strips of cloth 15 feet long tied around the waist and legs. They also wore kurtas, a loose shirt that extended to the knees, and sherwanis, or a long coat.