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Jedi Amoako

on 21 January 2015

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Transcript of Physiotherapy

In order to be accepted into a Health Science program at a university, you must take science courses in high school including – chemistry, biology, physics, and exercise science if available. The average entry grade into a Canadian program is 87%.
In university, students must take courses in areas such as anatomy, physiology, pathology, and bio mechanics and must continue in courses such as biology, physics, and chemistry in order to succeed in the Masters level of physiotherapy.
Once the Master’s level is completed, students must take the national exam called the Physiotherapy Competency Exam (PCE) in order to become a Registered Physiotherapist.
1000 hours of volunteer clinical experience
In total, it takes about 7 years to become a Physiotherapist because it takes 4 years to get your bachelor’s degree and an extra 3 years that comes from being in Physiotherapy school. The expected cost for school minus the books, residence, and transportation is $98,000.

All wanting to become a physiotherapist must complete a university degree in an accredited physiotherapy program. Most universities in Canada offer physiotherapy programs at a Master’s education level. You can find Physiotherapy at the Master's level at the:
Dalhousie University
Halifax, NS
Mcgill University
Montreal, QC
Mcmaster University
Hamilton, ON
Queen's University
Kingston, ON
University of Alberta
Edmonton, AB
Universite Laval
Quebec City, QC
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba
Universite de Montreal
Montreal, QC
University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon, SK
Universite de Sherbrooke
Sherbrooke, QC
University of Toronto
Toronto, ON
Universite du Quebec a Chicoutimi
Chicoutimi, QC
Western University
London, ON
University of
British Columbia
Vancouver, BC
Beginner with Master’s degree and completed PCE: 40,000-55,000
Experienced Physiotherapist with several years of clinical experience: 50,000-85,000
Consultant with several years of clinical experience: 65,000-100,000
Private Clinic Owner: 50,000-100,000

Physiotherapist assess patients and create plans of care to help them improve their physical functioning as well as alleviating to prevent further dysfunctions of the body.
Use evaluative procedures such as a body function ability test to assess the patient’s physical abilities.

Based on physical diagnoses, create treatment goals for the patient

Use other therapeutic programs including therapeutic exercise, manipulations, massage, education, electro-therapy, and hydro-therapy.

Observe the effectiveness of treatment plan and modify if needed.

Communicate with referring physicians and other healthcare professionals regarding the patients problems, needs, and progress.

Record and maintain clinical and statistical records and discuss with other healthcare professionals.

Promote health through programs for patients, staff, and the community.

May conduct research in physiotherapy.

May provide consulting or education services.

The physiotherapist will first check the appointments they have booked for them and will prepare to meet their client at their home, school, workplace, or other. They will prepare by gathering appropriate materials and equipment, assessments, toys, and relevant information on the client. At the visit, there is a discussion of the client’s needs, goals, and current level of functioning, as well as how the goals may be approached. After the visit, the physiotherapist returns back to their office and documents the notes and discussion they had with the client and will possibly discuss it with other relevant health professionals.
Workplace Settings
Rehabilitation Centres
Extended Care Facilities
Private Practice
Ontario: Job opportunities for physiotherapist in Ontario are expected to be good and possibly increase. The demand for physiotherapist will increase for it is supported by the aging population and their needs. Shortage of these job opportunities may occur in more rural and remote areas. Despite the rising of job opportunities due to people retiring, this occupation does not have a large number of older workers therefore opening the job to adults.
Toronto: Job opportunities for physiotherapist in the Toronto region are expected to be good. Some job opportunities will be part-time in nature.
The projected increase in government spending on health and creased public awareness of health care also provides many job opportunities for physiotherapist.
Many chances of being self-employed, great chance of good business due to the increasing demand.
Employment Prospects
Safety in the
workplace to be

Equipment hazards
: Physiotherapist use many types of electrical treatment equipment such as the hydroculator and ultrasound devices – if water and electrical energies mix, it may result in a possible shock hazard. If equipment is used improperly, excessive occupational exposure to ultrasound may occur.
Heavy lifting
: moving patients, manipulating multiple body parts, bending, stooping, squatting, and standing.
Constant personal physical activity
may heighten the risk of getting injured.
Emotional stress
is another component in a PT’s day. Progress is slow and usually painful and the patient may take it out on them. Also dealing with patient insurance papers and filing out a lot of paperwork may be stressful too.
Emerging Trends
(Socially and Economically)
Over the 90s, growth in employment in this occupation has been primarily in private practice. Government budget cuts have made it impossible to hire enough physiotherapists to meet the strong demand for physiotherapy. Faced with the increase in demand for physiotherapy services, patients have had to rely more on physiotherapists in private practice to obtain treatment. Coverage of physiotherapy by private insurance plans has contributed significantly to the strong growth of private practice. With the increase in government spending on health, growth has been more evenly distributed between the private and public sectors since the turn of the century. This trend is expected to continue over the coming years.

These factors should continue to promote growth in the demand for physiotherapy in the coming years. Growth could be tempered slightly, however, by the lack of university graduates. The excellent placement rate among physiotherapy graduates coupled with near-zero unemployment in the occupation and the strong demand for physiotherapy services suggests it will not be easy to meet the demand for physiotherapists, difficulties confirmed by the Quebec Department of Health and Social Services.

Considering all these factors, the number of physiotherapists should increase sharply over the next few years.

Ethical Issues in Physiotherapy
Respect for the uniqueness of the individuals
Professionalism - responsibility and behavior as a member of the profession
Professional Collegiality- Interaction with and respect for health professionals
Allocation of resources
Advocacy for client
Society and/or health policy
Informed consent

A therapist is working at a Physical Rehabilitation Therapy Clinic and a juvenile age 16 is referred to their clinic for treatment of severe burns that has limited the function of the patients arms and hands. Upon examining the child, the therapist notices several other burn marks, and unexplained bruises on the patient. The therapist works with the child for a couple of weeks, and begins pressing the child about how the burns and marks occurred. The child was being physically abused by their parents, but begs and pleads with the therapist not to report their parents for fear of being put in the states custody. 1.The therapist has to decide if she reports the child's parents or agrees with the child not to report them. 2.The situation is an ethical problem because of the patient confidentiality clause and the therapist's own ethics and moral beliefs. Does the therapist go against her beliefs and agree not to report the parents to the authorities, or does she report the parents preventing future injuries to the child, but going against the patient confidentiality since the patient is a child. 3.The therapist must first define the problem, then clearly understand and identify all options. Look into both legalities and ethics of the case, and come up with a course of action. Maybe even consult the APTA board. The therapist could lose the trust of the child and report his or her parents preventing future injuries, or the therapist could agree with the child and not report the parents which could lead to more harm maybe even death of the child. 4.This problem could have been avoided by the therapist not pressing the child into have telling her how the injuries occurred or by never having treated the child which neither would have been a good option.
Related Careers
Athletic Therapist
Massage Therapist
Nurse Practitioner
Occupational Therapist
Personal Trainer
Prosthetist / Orthotist
Recreation Therapist
Rehabilitation Counsellor
Speech-Language Pathologist

Advantages vs Disadvantages
Extended time required for education.
Cost of education.
Little opportunity for career change later on.
Health care reform.
High degree of “burn out,” as it can be a demanding medical position in some settings
Physical work requiring a decent level of physical fitness.
Excessive paperwork responsibilities.

High level of education.
Excellent job opportunities.
Working in a career that helps people
Excellent salaries.
Opportunities for interaction with people.
Can often find part-time work.
Wide variety of work settings
Wide variety of client types.

Character of
Successful People in this
Be a good listener
Attention to detail
Good communication skills
Good stress management skills

Work Cited
"Explore Careers - Outlook Report." - Job Bank. Government of Canada, 10 Nov. 2013. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www.jobbank.gc.ca/LMI_report_bynoc.do?&noc=3142&reportOption=outlook>.

Christopher, Mandy. "Ethical Problems in Physical Therapy by Mandychristopher." StudyMode. Study Mode, Mar. 2008. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Ethical-Problems-In-Physical-Therapy-134448.html>.

"Ontario Physiotherapy Association - Public - Becoming a Physiotherapist." Becoming a Physiotherapist. Ontario Physiotherapy Association, 2014. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www.opa.on.ca/career_become.shtml>.

"Physiotherapists." Government of Canada, Service Canada, Quebec, Programs Agreements and Partnership, Regional Directorate. Government of Canada, 09 Mar. 2013. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www.servicecanada.gc.ca/eng/qc/job_futures/statistics/3142.shtml>.

"PTJobsForYou.com." Pros and Cons of a Career as a Physical Therapist. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 May 2014. <http://www.ptjobsforyou.com/2011/06/08/pros-and-cons-of-a-career-as-a-physical-therapist/>.

Riley, Emma. "A Typical Day for a Physiotherapist." A Typical Day for a Physiotherapist. Carecareers, 04 June 2010. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www.carecareers.com.au/true-stories/stories-from-the-sector/244-a-typical-day-for-a-physiotherapist.html>.

Shmoop Editorial Team. "Physical Therapist: Qualifications." Shmoop.com. Shmoop University, Inc., 11 Nov. 2008. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www.shmoop.com/careers/physical-therapist/qualifications.html>.

"Unit Group." Unit Group. Human Resources and Skills Development Canada, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://www5.hrsdc.gc.ca/noc/english/noc/2011/Profile.aspx?val=3&val1=3142>.

Wessel, Jean, Lynne E. Geddes, and Renee M. Williams. "Physiotherapy Theory and Practice." Ethical Issues Identified by Physical Therapy Students during Clinical Placements, , Informa Healthcare. Informa, n.d. Web. 03 May 2014. <http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09593980490425076>.

Structure of a Typical Day
Full transcript