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THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHILIPPINE NATIONALISM
Transcript of THE DEVELOPMENT OF PHILIPPINE NATIONALISM
THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PHILIPPINE NATIONALISM
Nationalism was not something that developed instantly among Filipinos.Before the arrival of the spaniards, ethnic groups only protected their own people. There was no nation because there were only barangays. The sentiment only sprung as a reaction to what the people have collectively underwent, the thirst for freedom and justice. As centuries passed, the experiences undergone inculcated among the natives identifiable ideas ang sentiments that crossed ethnic or regional barriers.
In 1821, Spain has list her precious trade jewel in the pacific, mexico. A revulotion erupted and independence was declared. The loss of mexico resulted to the loss of almost all her pacific trades. Even the Galeon Trade cannot function anymore.
LIBERALISM FROM EUROPE
OPENING OF SUEZ CANAL
In November 1869, the Suez Canal, built by Ferdinand de lesseps, was opened. it shortened the route between Spain and Manila, therefore bringing the Philippines closer to Europe. it connects the Red sea and the mediterranean.
Precious Leis Laurente
Under the leadership of Spain's economic adviser Sinibaldo de Mas, the Philippines was prepared for development. New ports were built all throughout the islands. Added to this, Chinese migration was encouraged further to bring in more oriental goods.
The year 1834 marked the opening of the Philippines to the world trade.Not only that it allowed trades to come, it also saved the way to the influx of liberal ideas contained in books and newspaper shipped from Europe and America. influenced by these liberal ideas, the Filipino began to wonder on their deplorable conditions, discuss politics and later became bold enough to talk about necessary goverment reforms.
THE SPANISH REVOLUTION OF 1868
The progress in the colonies did not play off. The spaniards themeselves felt they werw neglected by their own
Queen who lived in luxury as her people suffered, Spain was swept by revolution,"Revolution of Disgust", led by Juan Prim and francisco Serrano in 1868.
it was seccessful and the autocratic leader was dethroned.Serrano tookover as Regent marshal and established the liberal Republic of Spain.
ADMINISTRATIONNOF IZQUIERDO (1871-1873)
when the reactionarybregime was restored in spain in 1871, a new governor general assigned in the philippines, rafael de Isquierdo, eho was considered as one of the most autocratic leaders of the Philippines
The secularization movement was struggle between the " regular priests" who were missionaries from the religous orders, and the "secular priests" who were native or criollo ( Philippines-born spaniards) priests and did not belong to the orders.
Zamora,Gomez and Burgos
Jose P. Rizal
its is i in nteresting to note that a number of church officials had supported the cause of the Filipino priests. Foremost was the acting Archbishop pf Manila in 1862, Father Pedro pelaez who petitioned Queen Isabel II to give justice to the Filipino priests.
THE CAVITE MUTINY OF 1872
Because of Izquiedro's move to abolish dela torre's reforms, descontent arose in many sectors of society. This Filipino included the native soldiers of the royal army. on january 20, 1872, La Madrid, a Filipino sergeant, led a mutiny and sacked the cavite arsenal. Spanish forces quickly supppressed the mutiny which resulted to the death of La Mandrid and many of his men.
THE EXECUTION OF GOMBURZA
The three prients, Mariano Gomez, jose Burgos, and jacinto zamora were tried, but the trial was a farce. they were incrimatedby francisco Zaldual , a solider allegedly brided to testify against the three. The three were cinvicted and Izquierdo approved the death sentence. On Febuary 17, 1872 Gomburza were executed in luneta through the "garrote".
THE PROPAGANDA MOVEMENT
The martyrdom of GomBurZa planted the seed of nationalism among Filipinos.
After their execution.sons of wealthy peoople fled to Europe. They realized the dangers of fighting for their causes at home. There in the free atmosphere of the old world, they initiated a sustained campaign for reforms in the Philippines .
Realizing the importance of press to carry out their objectives, newspaper was used as medium for speech and expression. Marcelo del Pilar , durong the early stage of the propaganda, founde, the first Tagalog-Spanish newspaper in the Philippines the diarong Tagalog.
Rizal, in the early 1880's had become one of the active propagandists in spain. There, he finished his medicine and many other studies aside from being a Manson, a true enemy of the friars. Realizing that newspaper publication proved to be ineffective for realize propaganda aims, Rizal shifted to writing a novel the Noli Me Tangere/
LA LIGA FILIPINA
When Rizal came back to the philippines in 1892, he established ," La Liga Filipina" an organization originally conceived with the help of jose Maria Basa while in Hong kong. its constitution was writted bt Dr, Jose Rizal and organized it on july 3,1892 in tondo manila, a few days after his homecoming.