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KINDS OF SENTENCE ACCORDING TO STRUCTURE

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Jonathan Mañas

on 26 January 2014

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Transcript of KINDS OF SENTENCE ACCORDING TO STRUCTURE

KINDS OF SENTENCE ACCORDING TO STRUCTURE
SIMPLE SENTENCE
COMPOUND SENTENCE
COMPLEX SENTENCE
COMPOUND-COMPLEX
SENTENCE
SIMPLE SENTENCES

Ex.

1. The big day arrived early.
2. Both Mom and Dad saw the accident and reported it.
3. Zaccaheus was arich man.
Simple sentence

* It has a subject and a predicate
* It has an independent clause that expresses one complete thought.
* It uses period as punctuation.

1. The big day arrived early. – has a subject and a predicate.
2. Both Mom and Dad saw the accident and reported it. - has an independent clause expresses one complete thought only.
3. Zacchaeus was a rich man. [.] – uses period.

"Jesus and Zacchaeus"

In the city of Jericho, there lived a man named Zacchaeus. Zacchaeus was a rich man. People did not like him because he was a tax collector. Sometimes, he made people pay too much and then, he kept for himself the extra money.
One day, Jesus and His disciples went to the city of Jericho. Zacchaeus had heard much about Jesus. He wanted very much to see Jesus but he was a very short man. He could not see over the heads of the people. So he climbed a tree. He sat there and waited for Jesus to pass by.
When Jesus came by the tree, He stopped and looked up at Zacchaeus. “Zacchaeus, come down quickly. I will stay at your house today.”
Zacchaeus felt Jesus’ love for him. He was very happy. He came down the tree and brought Jesus to his house.
After listening to Jesus, he began to feel sorry for he had cheated many people. He told Jesus, “Lord, I will give to the poor half of my goods. If I have taken anything wrongly from anyone, I’ll give back four times as much.”
When Jesus heard what Zacchaeus said, He told the people, “Today, salvation has come to this house, I have come to save those who have done wrong.”
*End*
ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES OF SIMPLE SENTENCES

1. Gretchen goes to school.
2. Linda went to the market and bought fruits.
3. The priest and the nuns pray together.
4. Maria and Josie prepare the ingredients and bake a cake.
Compound Sentence
Ex.
1. We went to an auction yesterday but we did not buy anything.
2. Th rain poured heavily and it flooded the streets.
3. mike failed the exam; yet he didn't lose hope.
4. He wanted to see Jesus but he was very short man.
COMPOUND SENTENCE

* It has more than one subject and predicate.
* It has two or more independent clauses being joined by coordinating conjunctions and sometimes punctuation such as comma and semi colon.

1. We went to an auction yesterday, but we did not buy anything. – has two or more subject and predicate.
2. The rain poured heavily and it flooded the streets. –has two or more independent clauses
3. Mike failed the exam; yet he did not lose hope. – being joined by coordinating conjunctions and punctuations such as comma and semi colon.
4. He wanted to see Jesus but he was a very short man.



ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES OF COMPOUND SENTENCE

1. We can go see a movie or we can get something to eat.
2. The moon is full; the stars are out.
3. My husband was working, so I went shopping.
4. He did not take the money for it was not the right thing to do.
COMPLEX SENTENCE
Ex.
1. Jenny hid under the bed, while Lenny hid inside the cabinet.
2. They wanted to go to Italy, because they wanted to see Venice.
3. I got an A on my test, even though I did not have a lot of time to study.
4. People did not like him because he was a tax collector.

COMPLEX SENTENCE

* It has a subject and a predicate.
* It has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause also called as subordinate clause being joined by subordinating conjunctions and sometimes punctuations such as comma and semi colon.

1. Jenny hid under the bed, while Lenny hid inside the cabinet. – has a subject and a predicate.
2. They wanted to go to Italy, because they wanted to see Venice. - has an independent and dependent clause.
3. I got an A on my test, even though I did not have a lot of time to study. – has subordinating conjunctions that connect the clauses.
4. People did not like him because he was a tax collector.


ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES OF COMPLEX SENTENCE

1. Kenneth is playing well, although he is ill.
2. You can’t pass the test unless you study for it.
3. Because Karen dropped the pizza on the floor, she had to clean it up.
4. If you need money, you can get it from the ATM.

COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE
Ex.
1. When the lights went out, we felt extremely uneasy, but we always knew that morning would eventually come.
2. My mother is cooking and my father is watching while I am sleeping.
3. As it happens, you are right and I am wrong.
4. After listening to Jesus, he began to feel sorry for he had cheated many people.

COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE

* It has a subject and a predicate.
* It has two independent clauses or one or more dependent clause being joined by both the coordinating and subordinating conjunctions.

1. When the lights went out, we felt extremely uneasy, but we always knew that morning would eventually come. - has a subject and predicate.
2. My mother is cooking and my father is watching while I am sleeping. – has one two independent clauses and one dependent clause.
3. As it happens, you are right and I am wrong. – uses coordinating and subordinating conjunction. also uses punctuations such as comma and semi colon.


ADDITIONAL EXAMPLES OF COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCES

1. Before the sun rises, the whole village awakens, and the farmers go to the field.
2. The village became peaceful, but the monster never stayed away since the strange man appeared.
3. Kenneth is playing well and his mother supports him because he is ill.
4. Even though Marjorie was in great need, she did not take the money for it was not the right thing to do.

EXERCISE A. Identifying the Structure of Sentences.

Direction: Read the story of Matthew and his dog and write on a separate sheet of paper whether the sentences used are A. Simple B. Compound C. Complex and D. Compound-complex Sentence.


(1.) Matthew had always wanted a dog of his own. (2.) One day he went to an animal shelter that offered all kinds of dogs for adoption. (3.) As he entered, Matthew remembered his parents’ asking if he was sure that he had time in his busy schedule for a dog. (4.) Matthew put the question out of his mind; he was intent on picking out his dog. (5.) Matthew finally chose a small brown bundle of fluff with sparkling eyes and a wagging tail. (6.) In the weeks that followed, Matthew sometimes felt that days were too short to do all that had to be done, but somehow he managed. (7.) He found that he needed to organize his time carefully. (8.) He kept his grades up, played soccer, and wrote articles for the school’s newspaper. (9.) Giving the puppy plenty of water, food, exercise, and attention took time, but every minute was well spent. (10.) As Matthew worked at his desk every evening, a small brown chin often rested on his foot, and two floppy ears perked up whenever he spoke.
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