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Journey Through the Old Testament

Created by Michael Geelan. All rights reserved.

Michael Geelan

on 24 August 2016

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Transcript of Journey Through the Old Testament

VIII. There is no way that I will cover everything I want to cover in this DCCP class.
A Journey Through the Old Testament
It is helpful to think of the Bible as a library of books. Like the books in a library, the Bible contains a variety of genres.
The Bible contains many books by different authors, written over the course of hundreds of years. Each book uses a different style and writes for a different community of people, bound by time and space.
We know how certain genres "work" and read them according to that knowledge.
Derived from the Latin word "Testamentum"
Means "called to witness"
- was actually St. Jerome's choice of translation for the Greek word for covenant ("diatheke"), which in turn was the word chosen by the LXX authors to translate the original Hebrew word - "berith"
Thus, when referring to the "Old Testament," Christians are referring to those books which at their core deal with the unique covenant established between God and the Israelite people (THe Mosaic Covenant)
It is important to note the term
"Old Testament" is a Christian term.
Jews would not call their sacred scriptures "old"
Jews refer to their Scriptures as the "Hebrew Bible," "Mikra" ("that which is read"), or "Tanakh" (from the Hebrew names of its three main sections: Torah + Nevi'im + Khetuvim).
“The plan of salvation foretold by the sacred authors, recounted and explained by them, is found as the “true word of God in the books of the Old Testament.”
“These books, therefore, written under divine inspiration remain permanently valuable.”
A few things to consider:
1. The Bible is not a Book. It is a compilation of books
We should not read the Bible as if it was all written in the same way
V. No original manuscript of any biblical book has survived! We only have copies.
Surviving manuscripts have numerous textual variations.
IV. We are not the original audience.
VI. For Children?
But wait, there's more.....
"Covenant" is a recurring theme throughout the Bible (the word is used nearly 300 times in the Old Testament).
"Testamentum" implies a rigid contractual relationship between two or more parties, but the original Hebrew word conveyed a much more intimate relationship:
Berith: to cut, to bind, or to fetter.
Biblical covenants can be understood to be a sacred family bond. What God is doing in the series of Old Testament covenants is fathering a people, a family.
There is a progressive nature to the Biblical covenants:
Adam & Eve
Universal covenant with humanity. God is bound with God's creation
The covenantal relationship comes full circle. Jesus takes the national covenant of David and internationalizes it. Much like the first covenant, this covenant is for all humanity
This is the essence of the Kingdom of God which Jesus proclaimed
Dei Verbum (1965)
Esther 7:9-10
(exaggerated impalement)
Judges 19:25-29
(dismemberment of a rape victim)
2 Chronicles 21:18-19
(death by intestinal turmoil)
Numbers 25:6-8
(double impaling)
Judges 4:21-22
(tent spike through the head)
Special covenant with family of Noah
But fractured by sin
But fractured by sin
Tribal covenant with a patriarch of a tribe of people
But fractured by sin
Through the Davidic covenant, the nation is granted power and prominence through the line of Davidic kings
But fractured by sin
The pivotal covenant of the Old Testament, the tribal descendants of Abraham formed under Moses a national covenant with God at Sinai
But fractured by sin
Imagine one "book" containing the following:
Without the proper context...
With the proper context...
III. Biblical books and passages must not be taken out of context
Matthew 27: 5b
Luke 10: 37c
The practice of using quotations from a document out of context in order to establish a proposition. Critics of the technique note that often the document, when read as a whole, may not in fact support the proposition.
Exodus 21: 20-21
II. There is no "perfect" translation of the Bible
Word for word translation is not always accurate.
The original manuscripts were written in Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek. When you read an English Bible, you are reading someone else's interpretion.
When he had been there a long time, Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out of a window and saw Isaac laughing with Rebekah his wife (Genesis 26:8 - English Standard Version).
And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where there was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave (1 Samuel 24:3 - King James Bible).
Translations often have diffulty conveying the complexities of the original langauges (e.g. Song of Songs 1: 2; 4:7; 8:6-7).
Translations ruin some of the poetic artistry in certain texts (e.g. Proverbs 31:10-31).
From a Christian's Children Coloring Book
Common "proslavery" passages:
Exodus 21:20-21
Genesis 9:25
Ephesians 6:5
Colossians 3:22
Titus 2:9-10
1 Peter 2:18
Common "abolitionist" passages:
Exodus 21:16
Galatians 3:28
1 Timothy 6:1-2
Luke 4:18
Exodus 1 - 12
Passages used by both:
Deuteronomy 23:15
Matthew 27:24-25
Blood Libel
Lumen Gentium (1964)
In the first place we must recall the people to whom the testament and the promises were given and from whom Christ was born according to the flesh.
On account of their fathers this people remains most dear to God, for God does not repent of the gifts He makes nor of the calls He issues.
Romans 1:26-27
Gaudium et Spes 1965
Leviticus 18:22; 20:13
For, taken as a whole, atheism is not a spontaneous development but stems from a variety of causes, including a critical reaction against religious beliefs, and in some places against the Christian religion in particular.
Hence believers can have more than a little to do with the birth of atheism. To the extent that they neglect their own training in the faith, or teach erroneous doctrine, or are deficient in their religious, moral or social life, they must be said to conceal rather than reveal the authentic face of God and religion..
The remedy which must be applied to atheism, however, is to be sought in a proper presentation of the Church's teaching as well as in the integral life of the Church and her members.
Until those discoveries at Qumran, the oldest manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures were copies from the
9th and 10th centuries C.E.
VII. There is nothing that I will say today that should challenge your faith
Anything left to consider before we begin the
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