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Science: Biomes

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by

Mehali

on 5 April 2015

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Transcript of Science: Biomes

B
i
o
m
e
S
The

first

one

we're

doing

is
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
D
e
c
i
d
u
o
u
s
F
o
r
e
s
t
D
o
n
e

B
y
:

M
e
h
a
l
i

a
n
d

V
e
t
h
u
s
h
a
L
o
c
a
t
i
o
n
The deciduous forest is located between the polar regions and the tropics.
M
a
p

o
f

D
e
c
i
d
u
o
u
s

F
o
r
e
s
t
T
h
e
C
l
i
m
a
t
e
The climate of deciduous forest is cold from the polar region and the warm from the tropical region which contributes to the changes of climate in this biome.
Deciduous Forest
The soil in the deciduous forest is very fertile because the leaves that are on the trees are very nutritious and when it decomposes it makes that soil more fertile.
Animals
The most common animals in deciduous
forest are mammals such as bears, raccoons,
squirrels, skunks, wood mice, and specificly in America deer can be found in this biome.
Bear
Raccoon
Adaptation
The two adaptation methods that are
usd by animals in this biome is
migration and hibernation for an
example birds migrate and mammals
hibernate. Some animals in this biome does food storage for an ex. squirrels, chipmunks, and some jays. they gather nuts and seeds which are plentiful in summer and store it in the hollows of trees for use during the winter months.
Chipmunk
Jay
T
u
n
d
r
a

Tundra biome is located across northern
Alaska, Canada and Siberia.
Animals
Mammals that live in tundra biome such
as musk-ox, arctic wolf and brown bear,
and each has iy's own way of adapting to
the extreme climate conditions. These are
the animals that make tundra their home year round.
Animals
For the animals to survive the long,
cold, winter months in the arctic tundra
they need to find ways to stay warm and
to provide nourishment for themselves.
Many animals adapt to life in tundra by migrating and hibernating.
Hibernating.
Hibernating means when an animal
sleeps in winter an wakes up when
the weather gets warmmer. When it
gets cold some animals such as bears,
snakes, salmaders, and more go to sleep
in winter and wake up in spring. In
hibernation,animals store food in body to
last during winter.
Musk ox
Adaptation

Musk Ox
Adaptation
The mus
T
a
i
g
a
L
o
c
a
t
i
o
n
The
Taiga
Biome
is
located
in
the
Northern
Hemisphere,
close
to
the
polar
region.
C
l
i
m
a
t
e
The
climate
in
the
Taiga
biome
is
very
cold.
A
n
i
m
a
l
s
A

few

animals

that

make

the

Taiga

biome

their

home

are

moose,

deer,

and

bears.

Those

were

large

animals

that

live

in

the

Taiga

biome.

Some

small

animals

that

live

in

this

biome

are

bobcats,

squirrals,

chipmunks,

ermine,
and

moles.
A
d
a
p
t
a
t
i
o
n
These

animals

adapt

to

the

cold

months

by

migrating

to

warmer

climates,

once

the

cold

weather

begins.

Some

animals

have

adapted

to

life

of

the

Taiga

by

hibernating.
Since

the

weathers

are

very

harsh

in

the

Taiga,
not
many
plants
are
found.
One
common
plant
found
in
the
Taiga
biome
are
the
conifer
trees.
There
are
3
different
types
of
Conifer
trees.
The
Evergreens,
Spruce,
Fir,
and
Pine
Trees.
The
4th
common
conifer,
is
the
Tamarack,
Larch.
( a
deciduous
tree)
P
l
a
n
t
s
Evergreens

adapt

to

this
biome

by

using

a

wide

variety

of

physical

adaptations.

That

includes

their

shape,

leaf

type,

root

system,

and

colour.

Evergreen

( the

name )

refers

to

an

important

adaptation.
The

conical

shape

of

the

evergreen

is

helpful

because

the

conical

shape

of

the

evergreens,

allows

the

snow

to

slide

off

the

branches,

than

pile

up.
An image of a Conifer Tree!
T
r
o
p
i
c
a
l

R
a
i
n
f
o
r
e
s
t
The

map

of

the

Taiga

biome.
The map of the Tropical Rainforest.
L
o
c
a
t
i
o
n
The

location

of

the

Tropical

Rainforest

biome

is

found

near

the

Earth's

equator.
W
o
r
l
d
'
s

L
a
r
g
e
s
t

T
r
o
p
i
c
a
l

R
a
i
n
f
o
r
e
s
t.
The

world's

largest
Tropical
Rainforests

are

in
South
America,

Africa,

and
Southeast
As
i
a
.
S
u
i
t
a
b
l
e

E
n
v
i
r
o
n
m
e
n
t
2

factors

that

make

the

Tropical

Rainforest

a

suitable

environment

for

many

plants

and

animals

is

one,

constant

warmth,

and

two

abundant

moisture.
C
a
u
s
e
s
The

causes

that

make

the

soil

in

the

Tropical

Rainforest

to

become

infertile

and

acidic,

are

abundant

rainfalls;

which

leaves

the

soil

infertile

and

acidic.
A
n
i
m
a
l
s
The

Tropical
Rainforest
is

home
to
a

variety
of
animals
because
there
is

a
constant
warmth.

There
is
large

variety
of
animals

in
the
Tropical

Rainforest
because
there

is
near
by

water,
and
large

amount
of
food.
T
r
o
p
i
c
a
l

S
a
v
a
n
n
a
h

The
map
of

the
Tropical
Savannah.
2 main
Characteristics
of the
Tropical
Savannah
The
2
main

characteristics
of
the

Tropical
Savannah
biome

is
one
- tall

grasses,
and
two -

occassional
trees.
La
rg
e r
eg
i
o
n
s
Some

large

regions

of

the

Tropical

Savannah

are
extended
through

the
nations
of

Botswana,
Namibia,

and
Kenya
in

Africa,
southern
Brazil,

India,
and
Australia.
A
n
i
m
a
l
s
A
few

animals

that

make

the

Tropical

Savannah

their

home

are

wildebeest,

warthogs,

elephants,

zebras,

rhinos,

gazelles,

hyenas,

cheetahs,

lions,

leopards,

ostrich,

mousebird,

starlings,
and

weavers.
Cheetah
Wildebeest
Mousebird
Lion
Gazelle
P
l
a
n
t
s
One
dominant
plant

in
the
Tropical

Savannah
is
grass.
Hope

you
Enjoyed!
By: Vethusha & Mehali!

Musk Ox
Adaptation
The Musk Ox adapta to the arctic tundra
with his layers of fur. They have two layers
of fur, one short, and the other long. Air gets trapped in the short layer of fur and gets
warmed by the warmed heat. the trapped air in the body, acts like a insulation from the cold. The layer of long fur protects Musk Ox from the wind and water. The hooves of Musk Ox are large and hard. During the winter months, this physical
adaptation allows the Musk Ox to break the ice and drink the water that's under it.
And
Not
Sleeping

:) !
The
plants
that
grow
in
the
arctic
tundra
are with
shallow
root
systems
. It grows there because the permafrost prevents plants from sending their root down past the active layer of soil.the plants that can grow in the arctic tundra biome are mosses, lichens, low-growing shrubs, and grasses, but no trees.
Musk Ox
The

map

of

Tundra
Biome
.
D
e
s
e
r
t

The defining characteristic of the desert is that it is tall.
The map of Desert
The
map

of

Desert
.
Bear Hibernating
Snake Hibernating
The Fertilized soil
Birds Migrating
The plants that can grow in the arctic
tundra are with shalllow root systems.
It grows there because the permafrost
prevents plants from sending their roots
down past the active layer of soil. The
plants that can grow in tundra are mosses, lichens, low-growing shrubs, and grasses,
but no grasses.
One of the ways that the animals use
to adapt to life in desert is behaioral adaptation.Behavioral adptation is used by mammals, reptiles and insects. They deal with high temperatures so they stay in the shadow of plants and rocks, avoiding the dirext rays of sun because it gets really hot in desert. Another way from avoiding the direct raysos the sun is to burrow into ground. just as the basement is cooler than the ground floor. Another way that the animals adapt to life in desert is physical adaptation where animals have developed sweet glands which allows the secret of salt without losss of water. By not having sweet gland, and the concentration of urine are some of the ways that the animals in the desert would apply physical adaptation.
Adaptation
Plants have developed large (20-30) foot
taproots that go deep into the ground
and tap into groundwater sources. Some
other plants have developed extensive
horizontal root systems. These horizontal
root systems are just below the surface
and extend far beyond the plant canopy.
And when it rains the few (numerous) roots capture water.
Plants in Desert
Deserts are home to many reptiles,
insects and birdssuch as the kangaroo
miceof North America and the bilby and
the red kangaroo.
Bilby
There are two kinds that exist are Semiriad deserts, and the Coastal deserts. For an ex. the Great Basin Desert is a Semiriad desert and the Great Gobi Desert is an example of Coastal desert.
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