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Transcript of Taoism
: A poet, a nudist, and a Taoist.
Giles, Herbert Allen. Chuang Tzu: Mystic, Moralist,
and Social Reformer. 2nd ed. New York: AMS, 1974. Print.
Crompton, Louis. Homosexuality & Civilization.
Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap of Harvard UP, 2003. Print.
Creel, Herrlee G. What Is Taoism? And Other Studies in
Chinese Cultural History. Chicago: U of Chicago, 1970. Print.
Simpkins, Alexander, and Annellen M. Simpkins. Simple
Taoism: A Guide to Living in Balance. Boston: Turtle, 1999. 47. Print.
Chinese Religions, Beliefs: Buddhism, Taoism,
Confucianism." Travel China Guide. TravelChinaGuide.com. Web. 26 Sept. 2015.
Origins of Taoism
Lao Tzu “Old Master”
Taoism's Relation With Other Religions
T A O I S M
Started as a simple philosophy and grew to become a religion
Evolved among China's most powerful and educated classes.
Integrated into the existing world views of the Chinese people.
Lao Tzi can be dated back to 6th century BCE
He is a deity in religous Taoism
Believed to be a contemporary of Confucius
Said to have written the Daodejing (Tao Te Ching).
Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove
Taoism in the U.S.A
Time of economic greed
One characteristic of Taoism its syncretism
This enabled the religion to adopt many features of other religions like Buddhism
In America, starting in the 1980's, Taoism became a popular trend in society
Famous children's story 100 Acre Wood is based on Taoist beliefs
Classical Period: famous founding Toaist manuscripts were written
Lao Tzu Era: correlative cosmology emerged
New Age: creations of communities, start of Taoist alchemy
12 Million Taoists Today
Sources show that the wife of Shan Tao was said to be "impressed by Ruan Ji and Ji Kang's prowess" when she spied on them during sex.
The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove Continued
Benjamin Hoff is the author of
The Tao of Pooh
The Te of Piglet
, which are both books explaining the Chinese philosophy of Taoism through the characters created by A.A. Milne
“There are things about ourselves that we need to get rid of; there are things we need to change. But at the same time, we do not need to be too desperate, too ruthless, too combative. Along the way to usefulness and happiness, many of those things will change themselves, and the others can be worked on as we go. The first thing we need to do is recognize and trust our own Inner Nature, and not lose sight of it.”
Things just happen in the right way, at the right time. At least when you let them, when you work with circumstances instead of saying, 'This isn't supposed to be happening this way,' and trying harder to make it happen some other way.”
: A recluse who might've met Confucious. Might also not exist. Predates the other Sages.
: The Official Scholar of the Western Jin Dynasty, serving as 3rd East General
: A Taoist in 3rd century CE.
: Was friends with Ruan Ji and Ji Kang. But when Kang was executed, decided to side with Sima Zhao
A Musician who was really good at the lute.
David Moses Jr.
: An Author, Poet. Was executed by Sima Zhao.
: An Author. His writing sometimes favored Confucianism.
lived during the Warring States period
Wrote the Zhuangzi, one of the two foundational texts of Daoism
(Laozi, Lao Tze)
Emergence of Chinese Philosophical Thinking
Mix of Confucianism
"I dreamed I was a butterfly, flitting around in the sky; then I awoke. Now I wonder: Am I a man who dreamt of being a butterfly, or am I a butterfly dreaming that I am a man?"
- Zhuang Zhou
To practice Taoism, you must follow the guidelines of nature
Be Still, be open, be in touch with our real deepest selves
200 CE - 600 CE
600 BCE - 200 BCE
200 BCE - 200 CE
"American Daoism in the 21st Century." The Pluralism
Project. Harvard University. Web. 25 Sept. 2015.
(369 - 286 BCE)
The term tao has been used in all Chinese religious and philosophical traditions, but remains central to Taoism
What is the "Tao"
Tao is translated to mean "Way"
1279 BC - 1368 BC
Under the rule of Genghis Khan, Taoist were accepted in the society
Genghis Khan's successor Kublai Khan dissagreed with Taoism's structure and converted the monks, scholors, and monasteries to support Buddhism
Taoist patriarch court adviser
Buddhist created a script for writing the Mongol language
Many Daoist were oppressed and converted.
<1% world is Taoist (12 Million)
7% world is Buddhist (488 Million)
Stunted their growth and development
describes life in a continuous loop that lasts all through time, and with no principle
Yellow Turban Revolution
"The Azure Sky is already dead; the Yellow Sky will soon rise. When the year is jiǎzǐ, there will be prosperity under heaven!"
Founded by Taoist Zhang Jue, Zhang Bao, and Zhang Liang
Chinese philosophy blew up during the Period of Warring States, also called the Period of Philosophers.
Exact origin unclear but Taoism is believed to
have come about during this period (4th -6th century CE came about).
Yellow Turban Rebellion
184 CE-204 CE
Exploitation and oppression of peasants
Liu, Jiahe, and Dongfang Shao. Early Buddhism and
Taoism in China 12 (1992): 35-41. Print.
Chan, Wing-Tsit. The Way of Lao Tzu. Bobbs-Merrill,
Kaltenmark, Max. Lao Tzu and Taoism. Trans. Roger
Greaves. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1969. Print.
Taoism and Confucianism
Taoism is often compared to Confucianism
Taoism focuses on the individual and agress with some Confucian ideas
Chinese Daoist association
can you present the sages and
Includes meditaion and offerings to deities.
Prior to this event, Taoism was practiced by the upper class.
Through the three healing brothers, it was spread to the peasants.
Taoism does not have structured gods and goddesses; however, they acknowledge and follow immortals and deities
None are omnipotent
"Divine emanations of celestial energy."
Easier idea to access
add unauthentic new age and other faith elements to Taoism
Group of Chinese scholars, writers, and musicians
(3rd century CE)
Places of Worship
Gongs, temples, and monasteries
Winter Solstice is celebrated by doing ritual that acknowledging the importance of the time and the special relation between us and the natural world.
Life After Death
Taoists believe our soul is eternal and simply migrates to a new form
Traditional Taoism depicts the human soul to separate into the
or the spirit and vital souls of a person.
Hun: can be developed and moved to higher plane
Po: reintegrates with the energies of the earth
McNaughton, William. The Taoist Vision. [Ann
Arbor]: University of Michigan Press, 1971. Print.
Lao Tzu writes Tao Te Ching as a primary writing on the Tao
Zhuangzi wrote first 7 chapters of Tao Te Ching
Han Dynasties Collapses/Confucian Values Die Out
Taoism takes hold in China
Founded by Zhang Sanfeng, He might be immortal.
"The soft and the pliable will defeat the hard and strong."
Works Cited 2
Theobald, Ulrich. "Chinese History ." Chinese History
(www.chinaknowledge.de). China Knowledge, n.d. Web. 28 Sept. 2015.
Only a dead man can be a good Taoist
Celestial Masters came about from Zhang Daoling in 142 CE after Lao Tzu appeared to him in a vision
Pregadio, Fabrizio, ed. "Jiao Offering." The
Encyclopedia of Taoism. Vol. 1. Routledge, 2008. 539 - 544. Print.
WU AND YU
The Essence of the Tao
Non Being and Being
Not Having and Having
Awareness of the Tao
That Which is Naturally So
Letting things take its Natural Course
The cosmic energy that lets us survive
Links us to the Universe
Essence of life
The art of balancing opposite and complementary forces.
Zhang Daoling establishes organized Taoism and Celestial Masters.
a religion based off of the power, simplicity, and energy of nature
"Son" of Tao
Study the Daodejing
Focus on harnessing their Ch'i
Finding the Tao