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Principles of Government

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kara glithero

on 24 March 2016

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Transcript of Principles of Government

Government is necessary in EVERY society.
a Greek who studied the city state of Ancient Greece
felt that people could not live without the laws and orderly society that government provides
The modern equivalent of the city-state, or polis, is the state
AKA nation
AKA country
AKA nation-state
must have people
people are given citizenship
citizen's reponsibility to his country is his allegiance
refers to the area within a recognizable boundary that separates one state from another
can include land, water the air above and all natural resources
can be defined as the people and institutions with authority to establish public policies
the states right to rule its self
Principles of Government
In early civilizations, leadership emerged to organize workers for large projects
these leaders duties were to:
issue orders
make laws
and go to war to protect the people and the territory they ruled
In 17th century Europe, political thinkers developed the theory of the
of kings
power comes from GOD and no authority on earth could take it away. Therefore, people must
obey their leaders as they would
obey God
Origins of Government
Thomas Hobbes
suggests the concept of a
social contract
people agreed to give up a little bit of their freedom to a ruler in exchange for protection and an organized way of life
John Locke
people have natural rights to
life, liberty and property
and it is the obligation of the ruler to protect those rights
Government takes many forms
Authority is divided in basic ways:
Centralized power
Sovereign States: the Confederation
Divided Powers: Federalism
the central government has authority over all political subdivisions in the state
Two or more independent states join together to achieve some common goal
Each state retains its own sovereignty, giving only limited powers to the central government
Political authority is divided between a national, or federal, government and its political subdivisions
Who Rules the State?
a single individual holds both political power and authority
most commonly a
can also be a
a small group of powerful people rule in the state
commonly based on military or political power
Totalitarian Rule
a government in which the rulers attempt to reshape the state, the people and the society totally, to conform to an idea or plan
fueled by propaganda
emotional appeals designed to persuade people to beleive in the government
a government ruled "by the people", where the leaders are
selected by the state's citizens and respond to their wishes
direct democracy
first implemented in ancient Greece, citizens participate in government on a first hand basis
representative democracy
the people elect a small group of citizens to represent them in making laws and establishing public policies
Ancient Rome was the first to have a republic
the end
Full transcript