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Women in India

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Filiz Bulanik

on 29 May 2014

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Transcript of Women in India

Women in India
• “Women must always be honored and respected by the father, brother, husband and brothers-in-law who desire their own welfare.”
12. Women Movement's
1.General Facts about India
3. Impressions of women
4. Religion
5. Role in society
6. Role in Family
7.Women education and job career
8. Process of Wedding
10. Women movements
11. Women right's
12. Famous women of India
13. Changes for the future and Solutions
Sari/Saree=old costum, a long piece of cloth that is wrapped around the body and head or shoulder and worn by women in southern Asia

What does a Bindi signify?

- bindi is on a woman’s forhead or a tilak on a man’s forehead
- signifies the individual's spiritual eye = third eye
- red Bindi : indicates marriage
--> symbol for happiness
- black Bindi: indicates their loss

- laws of Manu: a textual tradition of Hinduism
- published over the years between 200-400 C.E
- defines the gender roles
The laws of Manu
• “In childhood a female must be subject to her father, in youth to her husband, and when her lord is dead, to her sons; a woman must never be independent.”

• “Women must always be honored and respected by the father, brother, husband and brothers-in-law who desire their own welfare.”
• “A husband should be worshiped as a God.”
• “A man can leave a barren woman after eight years and one who only gives birth to daughters.”
- literacy rate: Male:75.85
- 1-3% of executive positions only occupied by women
- 9 % of women in execute bodies of political parties
- 3% of women as Supreme Court judges
- 7% of women in civil services
- 6% of women in trade unions

- work from 4am to 8pm
--> one hour break
- no maternity leave or special breaks pregnant women
- get very little respect
- are in charge of baring children,preparing meals,

Code of behaviour for indian women:

- Women are only allowed to eat after males
are finished eating

- Women are not allowed to sit down while
males are standing

- Women are not allowed to go to sleep,
before their husbands

- Women have to get up before their husbands

- When they get punished by males, they
are not allowed to take revenge

- When women get abused by males, they
are not allowed to loose patience

How are weddings arranged in India?

- 95 % family or friends arrangement
--> use matchmakers
--> place a newspaper announcement
- Males family is in charge and responsible
--> choose the bride (Caste system)

Concept of the marriage settlement

Location of the wedding
Birth stars of the boy and girl

- Marriage Act: Men have more rights

9. Discrimination and Violence

Every 42 minutes, an incident of sexual harassment takes place

Every 43 minutes, a woman is kidnapped

Every 92 minutes, a woman is killed

Every 102 minutes, a dowry death
‚A 2012 study listed India as the worst place in the G20 to be a woman’
- 228 000 total numbers of crimes

- 12 millions missing girls over the
last 3 decades

- 99 000 cruelty by husband and

- 43 000 molestation

- 35 000 kidnapping and abduction

- 24 000 rape cases

- 8 000 dowry deaths
- 16 million sexual harassmant
and physical violence

- 12.7 % of offenders were

- dark figure is much higher

- 25% domestic violence

- women enjoyed equal status with men

- women were considered as female divinities

Example: Shakti
--> is the personification of divine feminine creative

--> more respected
--> higher reputation

- the patriarchal aryans repressed and oppressed that culture
--> still the case today

- the old sayings about women
became true.

Black Saturday in India.
All across this vast nation, people stopped what they were doing to hold a minute’s silence in memory of the tragic death of the young female student who had been gang-rapped by six men and attacked with an iron bar on a bus in Dehli after an evening trip to the cinema with her boyfriend. The case has become infamous both within India and around the world. No one can have escaped hearing news of the mass protests on the streets of the capital in response to the horrific attack

Saturday 29th December 2012
Indira Gandhi
- first prime minister of
independet India
Mother Terese
- sister and active in
over 100 countries
Sheila Dikshit
- head of the government
of the federal state of

Monisha Kaltenborn
- 1st formula 1 leader

- Financial suffering
--> ruins families

- Some husband’s kill their wives to get another dowry

- Parents in-law have a lot of expectations
--> ex: to give birth to many sons
„Rather 1000 sons than a girl“

- women have to clear the way for a new wife

- self-immolation= modern form of the Sati
--> it’s required for a women to kill herself
as a widow woman
Disadvantages of the dowry system and arranged marriages:
Women are fighting for changes:
- equality
--> same opportunities
--> fair treatment

- independence

- culture-specific issues
ex. gender roles

- sex-selective abortion

- stricter rules
--> to protect women

- freedom of speech

- right to vote

"If I fight, I need to fight for who I am, not behind a mask, not behind a screen, not behind a blurred image. I was raped. I was brutally raped. I was tortured but I am alive for that and I want to fight for all the women who have lost their lives."
"The Park Street Girl"
Suzette Jordan
--> first woman of a sex-related crime who went public
Typical working day for a woman
in an agricultural position
- few female police officers

- not enough police officers in general

- blaming provocative clothing

- acceptance of domestic violence

- a lack of public safety

- classify victims

- encouraging rape victims to compromise

- a sluggish court system

- few convictions

- low status of women
Reasons why India has
violence problems against women
"Women are legal citizens of the
country and have equal rights with men
The Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006
Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
The Protection of Women from domestic violence Act, 2005
Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986
Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
Consensual sex with a girl, who is below 18 years of age, would not amount to an offence under the newly enacted Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, a Delhi court has said.
Reservation for Women in Local Self-Government
The 73rd Constitutional Amendment Acts passed in 1992 by Parliament ensure one-third of the total seats for women in all elected offices in local bodies whether in rural areas or urban areas.
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences
New Law:
Aim: To invest in Girls to
Change India's Future
- create a more modern and progressive state

-->prominent female politicans

-->higher numbers of women employment

-->more reputation for women

-->minimize the numbers of violence
Solution to minimize the massive
rap numbers
Pink taxicabs go women only: „Saftey comes in pink !"
--> Driven by women and only stop for females

Taxi equipment:
beauty kit, a GPS system and an alarm button.

Population: 1,203,710,000 (17% of the worlds population)

Country Name: Republic of India

Most populous democracy in the world

Government Type: Federal Republic

Official language: Hindi and English

Four major religions: Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism
- a women is not allowed to leave her husband
- a men can always leave his wife
- women are trashy after a divorce
--> death as
only solution
- after a husband death
--> women have to follow them --> commisson of Sati
Why girls are not attending school?
- constitution gurantees free primary schooling to everyone up to 14 years of age
--> only 34% of all women in India attend primary school
- Parents
--> prepare girls for marriage
--> teach them to be submissive servants for men
- some schools refuse teaching girls
--> the missing houshold help
--> first contact with boys in school
--> some prefer homeschooling
- traditional issues
Job career
- housewives
- sales women
--> sell fruits and saris
- call-centers
--> no education and no

--> Indian has the lowest literacy rate of South Asia
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